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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
symptoms of somatization disorder
1. pain
2. gastrointesinal (other than pain)
3. sexual
contributory causal factors of somatization disorder
1. genetic - linkage in women
2. personality - neuroticism, prone to neg. moods, antisocial
3. cognative - how one responds to life events
4. learning variables
symptoms of pain disorder
- similar to somatization disorder except solely pain.
- patient not consciously making up symptoms
symptoms of conversion disorder
1. sensory symptoms or deficits
2. motor symptoms or deficits
3. pseudo-seizures
4. la belle indifference
5. looks neurological
what is the role of primary gain in explaining conversion disorder?
escape/avoidance of a stressful situation

symptom goes away when stress goes away
what is the role of secondary gain in explaining conversion disorder?
external circumstance reinforces maintenance of disability (ex. attention from loved ones
What treatment shows most promising for conversion disorder?
cognitive-behavioral therapy - focuses on needs that are met
symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder(bdd)
obsession with perceived or imagined flaws in appearance:
-skin blemishes
-small breasts
-too fat/thin
-visible blood vessels
how does bdd relate to ocd
complete preoccupation

ritualistic-like behavior
treatments for bdd
-antidepressant medications: SSRIs
-cognitive/behavioral: emphasizing esposure/response
symptoms of hypochondriasis
preoccupied with fears of getting a serious disease or already have one:
-anxiety/preoccupation w/ bodily functions
-diffuse symptoms
-overpresentation to doctor
How does the cognitive-behavioral view explain hypochondriasis?
past experiences with illnesses lead to development of dysfunctional assumptions about symptoms and diseases
Depersonalization Defined
one's sense of one's own self and reality is temporarily lost
Derealization defined
one's sense that the outside world is temporarily lost
symptoms of dissociative amnesia
failure to recall previously stored personal information that can't be accounted for by ordinary forgetting
symptoms of dissociative identity disorder (DID)
2 or more distinct identities/personality states altering control
host identity
most present, ususally identity born with
alter identities
can be of different sex, dominant hand, language, skills...
main treatments for DID
1. integration of separate alter -egos
2. hypnosis
4 main controversies surrounding DID
1. is DID even real? can it be faked?
2. how does DID develop
3. are memories of early abuse real or false?
4. did the abuse play a causal role?