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625 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Through out life people undergo (1)
changes
Change ocurs in a process that is both (1)and (2
developmental and hierachial
Overall, a person;s life moves on a path toward (1)
greater self-enhancement while maintaining a balance and meeting social expectation
occupational dysfunction may be expressed in what ways according to the MOHO? (4
(1)change in behavior (2)particpation in meangingless activites (3)imbalance of habits, roles, (4)failure to meet roles norms established by culture
At all levels of dysfunction, there is some disruption or imbalance of (1)
skills, values, habits, values, interets and roles
NAME
according to this model, occupations are usted to restore function
MOHO
What are some assumptions about hte MOHO model? (5)
(1)throught life people undergo changes (2)change occurs in both developmental and hierarchial (3)occupation dsyfunction may be expressed in change in occupational behavior, failture to meet roles' expections, participation in meangingless activites, imbalance in habits, roles or ADL (4)at all levels of dysfunction, there is some disruption or imbalance in skills, roles, values, habits, or interests (5)occupations are used to normalize functions
What does MOHO stand for?
model of human occupation
The MOHO is a (1)model and (2)
hoslitc and eclectic
What does ecletic mean?
means it formed from many theories
NAME
this means that it is formed by many theories
eclectic
What are (3)basic assumptions about MOHO?
the person is an open system that interacts w the environment through intake, throughput, and output
NAME
this model assumes that the person is an open system that interacts w the environment through intake, throughput, and output
MOHO
MOHO assumes that the person is an open system that interacts w the environment through (1)
intake, throughput, and output
Draw a pic of the basic idea of MOHO
see pic
What is intake?
avaliable info that you choose to use
NAME
this is available info that you chose to use
intake
What is throughput?
process by which humans change intake to output
NAME
this is a process by which humans change intake to output
throughput
What is output?
is when human beings act on the environment
NAME
this is when human beings act on environment
output
according to the MOHO, what is aperson?
an open system
Why is the MOHO model important?
bc its the only model that looks at occupations
What are the different subsystem of open system? in order? (3)
(1)volition subsystem Habituation subsystem (3)performance subsystem
T or F
you always have to start at the volition subsystem
false
NAME
this is the starting point in for throughput
volition subsystem
What is the volition subsystem?
is your self-esteem or your belief in capabilities and ability to succeed, values, and interests
NAME
this subsystem is is your self-esteem or your belief in capabilities and ability to succeed, values, and interests
volition subsystem
Values are influence (1)
how use time
VAlues are strongly infleunced by (1)
family and soceity
What are values?
are images of what we think is good right or important
NAME
these are images of what we think is good right or important
values
What are interests?
are indvls ability to enjoy certain activties
NAME
this are indvls ability to enjoy certain activties
interests
What is the habituation subsystem?
include a person's habits and roles
NAME
these include a person's habits and roles
habituation subsystem
What are habits?
are tasks you do in auto mode such as brushing teach
NAME
are tasks you do in auto mode such as brushing teach
habits
What are roles?
is a label for who a person is and what they do
NAME
this is a label for who a pesron is and what they do
roles
What is performance subsystem?
include skills for producing occupational behaviors
NAME
this is skills for producing occupational behaviors
performance subsystem
NAME IF FEEDBACK, INTAKE OR OUTPUT

(1)attempt to open bottle
(2)they discover it doesnt work
(3)a friend says "push down"
(4)person tries it
(5)reads
(6)the instructions
(7)and opens the bottle
(1)output (2)feedback (3)feedback (4)output (5)intake (6)output (7)intake (8)output
What is throughput?
this is a process by which humans change intake to output
NAME
this is the whole ...the process by which huamns change intake or output
throughput
OT practioners refers to (1)and (2)
ots and COTAS
NAME
this refers to OTS and COTAS
OT practioners
T or F
values are similar to elderly and peds
true
developmental theory says that there is development from (1)to (2)
birth and life to death
NAME
OTs use this theory to set goals
developmental theory
NAME
this frame of reference is best used as a guidepost by which to measure the effects of illness, and thereby set goals for recovery
developmental theroy
Developmental theory is a frame of reference is used by as a guidepost by which to measure the (1)
the effects of illness, and thereby set goals for recovery
Development is always affected by (1)
illness
NAME
this is always affected by illness
development
T or F
development not always affected by the illness
true
when there is developmental lag or loss skills, they must be learned or relearned (1)
in the correct development sequence
What roles does the OT take in the developmental model?
directive role
NAME
in this model, the OT practitioners takes a directive role.
developmental model
In the developmental model, how does the OT take a directive role?
she evaluates the patients' skills to determine their developmental levels and attempts to predict their potential for further development
T or F
proccessing the group my uncover many feelings about both past and present experiences
true
T or F
more powerful statements come from peers
true
What are the stages of the OT process? (9)
(1)referral (2)screening (3)evaluation (4)intervention plan (5)intervention (6)transition services (7)discontinuation of services (8)service management
What is a referral?
is a request for service
NAME
this is a request for service
referral
T or F
all of the referral will be appororiate
false
T or F
according to the AOTA, patients can refer themeselves
trur
What is one problem w patients refering themselves?
3rd party payers will not pay for therapy
What does an OT do if the person is inapproriate referral?
refer them to where they should be
What is screening?
process to determine if person needs OT evaluation or intervention
NAME
this is a process to determine if person needs OT evaluation or intervention
screening
How do OTs do screening?
observation, interviews, go through medical chart, ask team players such as COTA for help
What is the evaluation?
is considering treatment, time, and goals, patient skills, and challenges, and maybe use a structured assesment
NAME
this is considering the treatment, time, goals, patients skills, and challanges and maybe even using a strucuted assessment
evaluation
What is the intervention plan?
involves selecting reasonable goals and methods to achieve goals
NAME
this involves selecting reasonable goals and methods to achieve goals
intervention plan
What is the intervention?
carrying out plan
NAME
this is carrying out plan
intervention
What are transition services?
services patient may need after discharge such as meals on wheels or day care center
NAME
these are services patient may need after discharge such as meals on wheels or day care center
transition services
What is discontinuation of services?
during this process the OTs hep patient to summarize treatment such overview, did they achieve goals, and what else do they want to do?
NAME
this process in which the OTs summarize the treatment by going over goals, what they want to do after discharge, and
discontinuation of services
Who can do the unstructured assesment?
Ots only
Who can do the structured assesment?
Ots and COTAs
when thinking about a person strengths and weakness, you must take into account their (1)
context
Who can do the discharge notes?
ots only
T or F
COTAS can do the discharge notes
false only OTs
What some typical assesment tool s used in the model of human occupation?
(1)BaFPE (2)occupational case analysis interview and rating scale (3)occupational role history (4)interest checklist (5)OPHI (6)
WHat does BaFPE stand for?
Bay Area Functional Performance Evaluation
why is the BaFPE not used that much?
bc it is too time consuming
What does OPHI stand for/
occupational performance history interview
Give a summary of the model MOHO assesment guide? (10)
(1)person's sense of purpose (2)person's value system (3)person's goals (4)person's interests and interest persons (5)balance of work, play, and self-care occupations (6)person's roles and their compatibility w abilties and expectations (7)person's habit and how they used to adapt to the environment (8)person's skills and how they are use during work, play, and self-care function (9)major body systems and how their function infleunces occupational performance (10)environments in which the person functions and how they influence competence;press, values, standards, and opportunites
Give a summary of the model MOHO assesment guide? (10)
(1)person's sense of purpose (2)person's value system (3)person's goals (4)person's interests and interest persons (5)balance of work, play, and self-care occupations (6)person's roles and their compatibility w abilties and expectations (7)person's habit and how they used to adapt to the environment (8)person's skills and how they are use during work, play, and self-care function (9)major body systems and how their function infleunces occupational performance (10)environments in which the person functions and how they influence competence;press, values, standards, and opportunites
What are (4)subset performance skills?
(1)muscuoskeletal (2)neurological (3)cardiopulmonary (4)symbolic
NAME
these include muscuoskeletal, neurolgoical, cardiopulomary, and symbolic
performance skills
NAME
this refers to the bones/joints and muscles
muscoskeletal
What is muscoskeletal?
refers to bones.joints, and muscles
What are (2)types of feedback?
(1)environmental oppoturnties (2)environmental press
NAME
there are (2)types of this (1)environmental oppoturnties (2)environmental press
feedback
What is environmental oppoturnties
says that objects invite a certain action
NAME
this is when certain objects invite a certain action
environmental opportunites
WHat is environmental press?
are when objects limit/inhibit a behavior
NAME
this is when objects limit/inhibit a behavior
environmental press
What is the differ btwn environmental oppoturnties and environmental press?
(1)environmental oppoturnties-when objects invite a certain action (2)environmental press-when objects inhibit.limit a behavior
What is symbolic refer to?
images a person has about how things work in the world
NAME
this refers to the images a person has about how things work in the world
symbolic
What is cardiopulmonary refer to?
the heart and lungs and how .w out these you dont have energy to do things
NAME
this refers to the heart and lungs and how .w out these you dont have energy to do things
cardiopulmonary
WHat are the steps to a treatment plan? (5)
(1)review results of indvl asssesments and discuss them w client
(2)id problems
(3)id persons strengths and persons motivation for treatment
(4)id treatment principles using practice model
(5)select treatment methods appropriate to practice model
WHat are the steps to a treatment plan? (5)
(1)review results of indvl asssesments and discuss them w client
(2)id problems
(3)id persons strengths and persons motivation for treatment
(4)id treatment principles using practice model
(5)select treatment methods appropriate to practice model
What are (4)types of OT intervention?
(1)treatment (2)maintenance of function (3)rehab (4)prevention
NAME
there are 4 types of this ots do...treatment, maintenance of function, rehab, and prevention
intervention
What is treatment?
aims to alter the underlying disease process
NAME
this ot intervention aims to alter underlying disease process
treatment
What is the maintenance of function?
is ot intervention aimed at assisting the person to use his or her remaining capabilies
NAME
this is OT intervention aimed at assisting the person to use his or her remaining cabapabilites
maintenance of function
What is rehab?
ot intervention that focuses on restoring the person's ability to function after disease process
NAME
this is ot intervention that focuses on restoring the person's ability to function after disease process
rehab
What is prevention?
is ot intervention which aims to intervene before dysfunction occurs
NAME
this is ot intervention which aims to intervene before dysfunction occurs
prevention
What is one mnemonic some ots use see if their goals will work?
RUMBA

R=releveant
U=understandble
M=measureable
B=behavorial
A=achievable
NAME
this is an expectation for a certain kind of behavior or action that is evoked by something in the environment
environmental demand
NAME
this is a feature of the environment that encourages and assists the indvl to perform a particular behavior
environmental supoprt
What are some ways to acess your practice (3)
(1)ask patients for opinions (2)use CQI (3)AQ program
What is the AQ program?
is a measurable way of how well practice is doing so that the practice can improve what they are doing for clients
NAME
this is a measurable way of how well practice is doing so that the practice can improve what they are doing for clients
AQ program
What does AQ program stand for?
Quality assurance program
What does CQI stand for?
Continuous quality improvement
What is CQI?
is a quality management process that looks at results rather than problems
NAME
this is a quality management process that looks at results rather than problems
CQI
What is conversion disorder?
is when the person believes they have a sensory or voluntary motor problem that suggests a neurological or medical condition
NAME
this is when the person believes they have a sensory or voluntary motor problem that suggests a neurological or medical condition
conversion disorder
What is somatization disorder?
is when the person has almost every problem like pain symptoms, gastrointestional symptoms, sexual symptoms, and pseudoneurological symptoms
NAME
is when the person has almost every problem like pain symptoms, gastrointestional symptoms, sexual symptoms, and pseudoneurological symptoms
somatization disorder
What are some types of somatoform disorders? (5)
(1)conversion disorder (2)somatization disorder (3) hypochondriasis (4)body dysmorphic disorder (5)dissociative id disorder
NAME
some types of this include conversion disorder, somatization disorder, hypochondriasis, and dissociative id disorder
somatoform disorders
What is somatoform disorders?
disorders in which patients imagine they have a physical problem that can be explained by doctors
NAME
this is a disorder in which patients imagine they have a physical problem that can not be explained by doctors
somatoform disorders
T or F
people w somatoform disorders actually believe their is something wrong w them and experience the symptoms for real
true
What is hypochondriasis?
is when a person imagines they have a disease
is when a person imagines they have a disease
hypochondriasis
What is body dysmorphic disorder?
is when the imagines that they have an imaginary defect of appearance or is excessively concerned w a slight physical abnormality
NAME
this is when the imagines that they have an imaginary defect of appearance or is excessively concerned w a slight physical abnormality
body dysmoprhic
Dissociative id disorder is also called (1)
multi=personaility disorder
(1)is also called multi-personality disorder
dissociative id disorder
What is dissociative id disorder?
is when the person has least two distinct identities or personality states
NAME
this is when the person has least two distinct identities or personality states
dissociative id disorder
What are the requirements for someone to be mentally retarded?
(1)IQ score below 70 (2)younger than 18 yrs old (3)concurrent deficits or impairments in present adaptive functioning in at least two of the following areas: communication, self-care, use of commuinty resources, self direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety
NAME
the requirements for this include (1)IQ score below 70 (2)younger than 18 yrs old (3)concurrent deficits or impairments in present adaptive functioning in at least two of the following areas: communication, self-care, use of community resources, self direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety
mental retardation
In order to be mentally retarded you have to have an IQ below (1)
70
T or F
in order to be mentally retarded, all 3 symptoms must be present
true
What are the qualifications for ADD-inattentive type? (9)
6 or more of the following--(1)often fails to give close attention to detials or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activties (2)often has trouble sustaining attention in tasks or play activites (3)often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly (4)often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores or duties in the workplace(not due to opposition behvior or failure to understand) (5)often has diffucility organizing tasks and activities (6)often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort such as schoolwork or homework (7)often loose things necessary for tasks or activties (toys, school assignments, penicals, books or tools) (8)is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli (9)is often forgetful in daily activties
What are the qualifications for ADD-inattentive type? (9)
6 or more of the following--(1)often fails to give close attention to detials or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activties (2)often has trouble sustaining attention in tasks or play activites (3)often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly (4)often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores or duties in the workplace(not due to opposition behvior or failure to understand) (5)often has diffucility organizing tasks and activities (6)often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort such as schoolwork or homework (7)often loose things necessary for tasks or activties (toys, school assignments, penicals, books or tools) (8)is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli (9)is often forgetful in daily activties
NAME
some qualifications for this include 6 or more of the following--(1)often fails to give close attention to detials or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activties (2)often has trouble sustaining attention in tasks or play activites (3)often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly (4)often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores or duties in the workplace(not due to opposition behvior or failure to understand) (5)often has diffucility organizing tasks and activities (6)often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort such as schoolwork or homework (7)often loose things necessary for tasks or activties (toys, school assignments, penicals, books or tools) (8)is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli (9)is often forgetful in daily activties
ADD-inattentive type
What are the symptoms for the ADD-hyperactivity type? (9)
6 or more of the following symptoms (1)often fidgets w hands or feet or squirms in seat (2)often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated in expected (3)often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which its in inappropriate (4)often has diffuclity playing or engaging in leisure activties quietly (5)is often 'on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor" (6)often talks excessively..........IMPULISTY (7)often blurts out answers before questions have been completed (8)often has difficulity awaiting turn (9)often interrupts or intrudes on others
Girls tend to have the (1)type of ADD and boys tend to have the (2)type
(1)inattentive (2)hyperactive
WHat are (2)types of ADD?
(1)inattentive (2)hyperactive
NAME
there are 2 types of this--inattentive and hyperactive
ADD
What are the symptoms for the ADD-hyperactivity type? (9)
6 or more of the following symptoms (1)often fidgets w hands or feet or squirms in seat (2)often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated in expected (3)often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which its in inappropriate (4)often has diffuclity playing or engaging in leisure activties quietly (5)is often 'on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor" (6)often talks excessively..........IMPULISTY (7)often blurts out answers before questions have been completed (8)often has difficulity awaiting turn (9)often interrupts or intrudes on others
NAME
some symptoms of this include 6 or more of the following symptoms (1)often fidgets w hands or feet or squirms in seat (2)often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated in expected (3)often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which its in inappropriate (4)often has diffuclity playing or engaging in leisure activties quietly (5)is often 'on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor" (6)often talks excessively..........IMPULISTY (7)often blurts out answers before questions have been completed (8)often has difficulity awaiting turn (9)often interrupts or intrudes on others
ADD-hyperactive
What are the MAIN symptoms of ADD? (5)
(1)6 or more symptoms under the inattentive o r hyperactive section (2)some hyperactive or impulsive symptoms that caused impairment before age 7 (3)some impairment of symptoms is present in 2 or more settings (4)impairments in sociall, acadamic, or occupational functioning (5)symptoms do not occur bc of another mental disorder
what doe SOAP notes stand for?
S=structure
O=objective
A=assessment
P=plan
What is the structure part of SOAP notes?
includes title, date, time, credinatals,
What is the subjective part of SOAP notes?
quote relevant to patient's treatment/problem
NAME
this part of the SOAP notes includes quote relevant to patient's treatment/problem
subjective part
What is the objective part of the SOAP notes?
includes only what you physically see
List ways to evaluate the objective part of the SOAP notes?
include patients/attendance, not types of activities, physical behaviors, attitude, communication, cognition, work skills, mood, and affect
T or F
the objective parts inludes what you think about the patient
false
What is the plan section of SOAP notes? (3)
include how often the patient will be seen, where and when (2)what they will be working on (3)end w an objective that they will work towards
NAME
this part of the SOAP notes will include how often the patient will be seen, where and when, what they will be workon on, and end w an objective that they will work towards
plan
T or F
both Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are associated w purging
true
do people w anorexia nerosa purge?
yes
T or F
people w anorexia nervosa usally are females and come from families who do not communicate
true
What is the criteria for Anorexia Nervosa? (4)
(1)the patient will not maintain min body weight (2)intensely fears weight gain or obesity (3)self-perception of the body is abnormal.....unduly empahizes weight or shape, denies seriousness of underweight, and disorted perpcetions (4)missed 3 consecutive periods
NAME
the criteria for this disorder include (1)the patient will not maintain min body weight (2)intensely fears weight gain or obesity (3)self-perception of the body is abnormal.....unduly empahizes weight or shape, denies seriousness of underweight, and disorted perpcetions (4)missed 3 consecutive periods
Anoerexia nervosa
What are (2)types of Anoerxia nervosa?
(1)Binge-eating type (2)restricting type
NAME
there are two types of this disorder: binge-eating disroder and restricting disoder
Anorexia nervosa
the binge eating type is also called the (1)
purging type
(1)is also called the purging type
binge eating type
What is the binge eating type of Anorexia?
during episode, the patient often purges
NAME
in this type Anorexia, the patient often purges
binge eating type
What is the restricting type of Anorexia?
the patient does no binge or purge
NAME
w this type of Anorexia, the patient does not binge or purge
restricting type
NAME
this is the most common type of Anorexia
restricting type
What is purging?
includes self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives, or diuertics
NAME
this includes self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives, or diuertics
purging
T or F
people w bulimia look skinny
False
T or F
people w bulimia are fat bc body is out of sink
true
What do people w bulimia look like?
are usally overweight bc body is out of wack
What is the criteria for Bulimia nervosa? (5)
(1)the patient repeatedly eat in binges (2)during a binge episode, the patient consumes much more food than normal people would want in normal circumstance and the patient feels out of control (3)the patient repeatedly controls weight gain by inappropriate means such as fasting, self induced vomiting, excessive excerice, or abuse of laxatives, dieuretics, natural appetite supressants, or other drugs (4)on average, both of the behaviors above have occured at least twice a month (5)weight and body shape unduly affect the patient's self evluation (6)these symptoms do not occur soley during episodes of anoerexia
What are (2)types of Bulimia ?
(1)purging type (2)nonpurging types
NAME
there are purging type and nonpurging types
bulimia
What does "purging" mean?
the patient often induces vomiting or misuses diuretics, drugs, or laxatives
NAME
this is the most commont type of Bulimia
purging type
NAME
in this type of Bulimia, the patient often induces vomiting or misuses diuretics, drugs, or laxatives
purging type
What is the nonpurging type of Bulimia?
the patient fasts or excercies excessively but does not often induce vomiting or misuse diuretics, laxatives, or drugs
NAME
in this type of Bulimia, the patient fasts or excercies excessively but does not often induce vomiting or misuse diuretics, laxatives, or drugs
nonpurging type
What are some other eating disorders that are no otherwise specified? (6)
(1)anorexia, normal menses (2)anorexia, normal weight (3)bulimia, infreugent binges (4)bulimia, w out swallowing (5)inappropriate wieght control, normal weight (6)binge-eating disorder
NAME
some types of these include (1)anorexia, normal menses (2)anorexia, normal weight (3)bulimia, infreugent binges (4)bulimia, w out swallowing (5)inappropriate wieght control, normal weight (6)binge-eating disorder
eating disoders that are not otherwise specified
NAME
although a patient fears becoming fat and has low weight and distorted, self image, she conts to have reg periods
anoerexia, normal menses
NAME
some pats lose considerable wieghts, fear becoming fat and believe that they look fat yet their weight remains the w in normal range
Anorexia, normal weight
what is Anorexia normal wieght?
some pats lose considerable wieghts, fear becoming fat and believe that they look fat yet their weight remains the w in normal range
NAME
this is when a patient meets all the criteria for bulimia nervosa but binges less than twice a week
bulimia, infreguent binges
NAME
when some patients frequently chew large quanties of food but spit it out w swallowing
bulimia w swallowing
NAME
these patients repeatedly vomit or engage in other inappropriate weight control behavior after eating small amounts of food but their weight remains normal
inappropriate weight control, normal weight
What is the inappropriate weight control, normal weight?
these patients repeatedly vomit or engage in other inappropriate weight control behavior after eating small amounts of food but their weight remains normal
What is the binge eating disorder?
they eat in binges q
NAMe
people w this disorder eat binges..howver, they do not purge
binge eating disorder
NAME
these type of goals provide the big picture and express expected outcome in terms of what the patient wishes to participate
long-term goals
What are (2)types of goals?
short term and long term
What are long term goals?
these type of goals provide the big picture and express expected outcome in terms of what the patient wishes to participate
What are short term goals?
express the expected outcome in term of skills needed to particpate in desired role
NAME
this type of goal expressed the expected outcomein term of skills needed to particpate in desired role
short term goal
T or F
the OT should do goal
false
T or F
goals are processes not outcomes
false
T or F
goals is something the client does not the OT
true
Who does the goals, the patient or the ot?
the cleint
When working on goals, what should the OT focus on?
their strengths not problems
What are the ABC of a functional goal?
A=actor=who will do it
B=behavior=action wanted
C=cicumstances under which is carried out
D=degree=a quantitative specification of performnace
E=expected time
What are the ABCs of the a functional goal?
A=actor=who will do it
B=behavior=action wanted
C=cicumstances under which is carried out
D=degree=a quantitative specification of performnace
E=expected time
When writing goals, what is the main thing the OT should remember?
it is patient centered
The goal should be formated so that it is (1)centered
patient centerd
What are criteria for conduct disorder? (4)
a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of other or major age appropriate societal norms or rules are violated in the following ways---(1)aggression to people and animals (2)destruction of property (3)deceitfulness or theft (4)serious violation of rules ........(5)18 yrs older (6)disturbance in behavior causes clinically significant to impair social, acadameic, or occupational functioing
NAME
a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of other or major age appropriate societal norms or rules are violated in the following ways---(1)aggression to people and animals (2)destruction of property (3)deceitfulness or theft (4)serious violation of rules ........(5)18 yrs older (6)disturbance in behavior causes clinically significant to impair social, acadameic, or occupational functioing
conduct disorder
What are criteria for conduct disorder? (4)
a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of other or major age appropriate societal norms or rules are violated in the following ways---(1)aggression to people and animals (2)destruction of property (3)deceitfulness or theft (4)serious violation of rules ........(5)18 yrs older (6)disturbance in behavior causes clinically significant to impair social, acadameic, or occupational functioing
What are some types of conduct disoder?
(1)mild (2)moderate (3)severe
ADD and (1)are usally linked together
conversion disorder
(1)and conversion disorder are usally linked together
ADD
NAME
this younger version of sociopath
conduct disoder
conduct disorder is the younger version of (1)
sociopath
What are general symptoms of autistic disorder?
(1)qualitative impairment in social interaction such as marked impairment in useof multiple non-verbal behaviors such as eye to eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social intergration, failure to develop peer relationships, a lack of seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements, lack of social or emotional reciprocity (2)qualitative impairments in communication such as delay in or total lack of development of spoken lanaguage, in indvls w adequate speech, marked by impairment to speek w others, sterotyped and repetitive use of langaguge, or lack of varied spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level (3)restricted repetitive and sterotype patterns of behavior, interests, activties, as manifested by encompassing preoccupation w one or more sterotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus, apparently inflexible ahderence to specfic routines or rituals, sterotyped and repetitve motor mannerisms, and perisistent peroccuaption w parts of objects (4)delays in at least social interaction, language, or symbolic or imaginative play
NAMe
the criteria for this includes (1)qualitative impairment in social interaction such as marked impairment in useof multiple non-verbal behaviors such as eye to eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social intergration, failure to develop peer relationships, a lack of seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements, lack of social or emotional reciprocity (2)qualitative impairments in communication such as delay in or total lack of development of spoken lanaguage, in indvls w adequate speech, marked by impairment to speek w others, sterotyped and repetitive use of langaguge, or lack of varied spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level (3)restricted repetitive and sterotype patterns of behavior, interests, activties, as manifested by encompassing preoccupation w one or more sterotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus, apparently inflexible ahderence to specfic routines or rituals, sterotyped and repetitve motor mannerisms, and perisistent peroccuaption w parts of objects (4)delays in at least social interaction, language, or symbolic or imaginative play
autistic disoder
What is delirium? (3)
is a rapidly developing, fluctuating state of reduced awareness in which the follow are true (1)the patient has trouble shifting or focusing attention (2)the patient has at least on defect in memory, orientation, perception, psycomotor agitation, or language (3)the symptoms are not better explained by dementia
What is delirium? (3)
is a rapidly developing, fluctuating state of reduced awareness in which the follow are true (1)the patient has trouble shifting or focusing attention (2)the patient has at least on defect in memory, orientation, perception, psycomotor agitation, or language (3)the symptoms are not better explained by dementia
What is delirium? (3)
is a rapidly developing, fluctuating state of reduced awareness in which the follow are true (1)the patient has trouble shifting or focusing attention (2)the patient has at least on defect in memory, orientation, perception, psycomotor agitation, or language (3)the symptoms are not better explained by dementia
Delirium occurs (1)and changes how the body works
rapidly
Delirium is caused by a 1)
disease process outside the brain
W delirum there is usally (1)
sun dawning
NAME
in this type of cogntitive disorder, people usally experience sun dawning
delirium
what is sun dawning?
refers to how patients w delirium appear better in the morning than at night
NAME
this refers to how patients w delirium appear better in the morning than at night
sun dawning
t or F
if the patient has delirium can you perform assessment
false
T or F
people come out of delirium
true
What are some types of delirium? (4)
(1)delirium due to a general medical condition (2)substance abused delirium (3)delirium due to multiple etiologies (4)delirium not otherwise specified
What are some types of delirium? (4)
(1)delirium due to a general medical condition (2)substance abused delirium (3)delirium due to multiple etiologies (4)delirium not otherwise specified
What is substance induced delirium?
alcohol and other seductive drugs of abuse, as well as nearly every level of street drug can cause delirium. medications can be implicated
NAME
this type of delirum is caused by alcohol and other seducative drugs of abuse, as well as nearly every level of street drug can cause delirium. medications can be implicated
substance induced delirium
What is delirium due to multiple etiologies?
is when more than one cause for the delirum
NAME
this is when and there is more than one cause for delirum
delirium due to multiple etiologies
NAME
in this type of delirium, doctors do not what caused the delirium
delirium not otherwise specified
T or F
you have delirium and dementia at the same time
true
What dementia? (3)
(1)there must be memory loss, as well as other cogintive deficits such as amnesia, aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and loss of executive functioning (2)cause is usally found w/in the CNS (3)it is fixed (unchanging) (4)patients do not recover
What dementia? (3)
(1)there must be memory loss, as well as other cogintive deficits such as amnesia, aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and loss of executive functioning (2)cause is usally found w/in the CNS (3)it is fixed (unchanging) (4)patients do not recover
What dementia? (3)
(1)there must be memory loss, as well as other cogintive deficits such as amnesia, aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and loss of executive functioning (2)cause is usally found w/in the CNS (3)it is fixed (unchanging) (4)patients do not recover
NAME
the following is the criteria for this disease. (1)there must be memory loss, as well as other cogintive deficits such as amnesia, aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and loss of executive functioning (2)cause is usally found w/in the CNS (3)it is fixed (unchanging) (4)patients do not recover
dementia
what are some types of dementia? (5)
(1)dementia of the Alzheimer's type (2)vascular dementia (3)dementia due other general medications (4)substance induced persisting dementia (5)dementia due to multiple etiologies
what are some types of dementia? (5)
(1)dementia of the Alzheimer's type (2)vascular dementia (3)dementia due other general medications (4)substance induced persisting dementia (5)dementia due to multiple etiologies
what are some types of dementia? (5)
(1)dementia of the Alzheimer's type (2)vascular dementia (3)dementia due other general medications (4)substance induced persisting dementia (5)dementia due to multiple etiologies
NAME
some types of this include (1)dementia of the Alzheimer's type (2)vascular dementia (3)dementia due other general medications (4)substance induced persisting dementia (5)dementia due to multiple etiologies
dementia
T or F
you would give a dementia patient a walker and adaptive device
false
NAME
this is the most common cause of senility. It begins gradually and inevitable progresses
dementia of the Alzhiemers type
What is demenitia of the Alzhiemers type?
this is the most common cause of senility. it begins gradually and inevitably prograsses
What is vascular dementia?
is due to vascular brain disease, these patients experience loss of memory, and other cognitive abilities. often this is a stepwise process, w a relatively sudden onset and fluctuating course
NAME
this type of dementia is due to vascular brain disease, these patients experience loss of memory, and other cognitive abilities. often this is a stepwise process, w a relatively sudden onset and fluctuating course
vascular dementia
What is dementia due to other general medical conditions?
a large number of other medical conditions can cause dementia. some of those include brain tumor, head trauma, HIV diseae, parkinson.s disease, and pick's disease. the most common toxins cuasing dementia are those resulting from the kideny and liver faliure
NAME
this type is caused by brain tumor, head trauma, HIV disease, Parkinson.s disease, and pick's disease.
dementia due to other general medical conditions
the most common toxins cuasing dementia are those resulting from (1)and (2)
kidney and liver faliure
What is substance induced persisting dementia?
is related to prolonged use of alcohol or inhalants or sedatives
NAME
this type of dementia is cuased by prolonged use of alchol, inhalants, or sedatives
substance induced persisting dementia
NAME
this type of dementia is due to more than one cause
dementia due to multiple etiologies
What are the symptoms of amnestic disorder? (3)
(1)there is no requirement for reduced ability to focus or shift attention (2)memory is affected far more than any other function, sometimes to the extent that patients will forget conversations that took place only a few mins ago (3)in some cases, esp early in the course of their illness, patients w disorder will try to hide memory loss by confabulation
What is amnestic disorder? (3)
(1)there is no requirement for reduced ability to focus or shift attention (2)memory is affected far more than any other function, sometimes to the extent that patients will forget conversations that took place only a few mins ago (3)in some cases, esp early in the course of their illness, patients w disorder will try to hide memory loss by confabulation
NAME
the criteria for this disease includes (1)there is no requirement for reduced ability to focus or shift attention (2)memory is affected far more than any other function, sometimes to the extent that patients will forget conversations that took place only a few mins ago (3)in some cases, esp early in the course of their illness, patients w disorder will try to hide memory loss by confabulation
amnestic disorder
what are some types of amnestic disorder?
(1)amnestic disorder due to medical condition (2)substance induced persisting amnestic disorder (3)amnestic disorder not otherwise specified
What are some causes for amnestic disorder due to medical conditions?
these patients have symptoms very much like Korasff's syndrome but there is a medical cause such as hypoxia, head trauma or encephaltis
NAME
in this type of amnestic disorder, these patients have symptoms very much like Korasff's syndrome but there is a medical cause such as hypoxia, head trauma or encephaltis
amnestic disorder
What is Korsakoff's syndrome?
is a classical amnestic disorder. it most often occurs in alcholoic patients w suffer from thiamine or B1 deficiency
NAME
this is a classical amnestic disorder. it most often occurs in alcholoic patients w suffer from thiamine or B1 deficiency
Korsakoff's syndrome
Substance induced persisting amnestic disorder is also called (1)
Korsakoff's syndrome
(1)is also called Korsakoff's syndrome
substance induced persisting amnestic disorder
What are some other causes of cognitive symptoms?
(1)age-related decline (2)dissociative disorders (3)pseudodementia
NAME
some other causes for this include age related decline, dissociative disorders, and pseudodementia
cognitive symptoms
What are some types of cognitive disorders? (6)
(1)delirium (2)dementia (3)amnestic disorders (4)age related decline (5)dissociative disorders (6)pseuodementia
NAME
some types of these include (1)delirium (2)dementia (3)amnestic disorders (4)age related decline (5)dissociative disorders (6)pseuodementia
cogintive disorders
Compare and contrast delirium and dementia? (2)
(1)delirium=have cogintive change and altered consciousnes......symptoms include sun dawning, patients can get over it, reduced attention, disorganized thoughts, altered consciousness, and rapid onset (2)dementia-cogitnive change w full cosciousness......symptoms memory impairments, cogintive impairments, 1 and 2 interfer w function, and no altered cosciousness
Compare and contrast delirium and dementia? (2)
(1)delirium=have cogintive change and altered consciousnes......symptoms include sun dawning, patients can get over it, reduced attention, disorganized thoughts, altered consciousness, and rapid onset (2)dementia-cogitnive change w full cosciousness......symptoms memory impairments, cogintive impairments, 1 and 2 interfer w function, and no altered cosciousness
What is confabulation?
is making up a response which sounds appropriate but is not accurate to avoid detection of or embrassment due to memory loss
NAME
this is making up a response which souns appropriate but is not accurate to avoid detection of embrassment due to memory loss
confabulation
What does dt stand for?
delirium tremors
what is dt?
usally occurs w people w are undergoing detox
NAME
this part of delirum usally occurs when people are undergoing detox
dt
What is delusion?
a fixed false belief which cannot be corrected by reasoning.
NAME
this is a fixed false belief which cannot be corrected by reasoning
delusion
What is illusion?
is misinterpreting a real sensory experience
NAME
this is misinterpreting a real sensory experience
illusion
What is the differ btwn delusion, illusion, and hallucination? (3)
delusion-is a fixed false blief which cannot be corrected by reasoning (2)illusion-
is misinterpreting a real sensory experience

(3)hallucation= sensory perception not do due to external stimuli...may be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or gustatory
What is hallucination?
a sensory perception not do due to external stimuli...may be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or gustatory
NAME
this is a sensory perception not do due to external stimuli...may be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or gustatory
hallucination
What is the differ btwn delusion, illusion, and hallucination? (3)
delusion-is a fixed false belief which cannot be corrected by reasoning (2)illusion-
is misinterpreting a real experience

(3)hallucation= sensory perception not do due to external stimuli...may be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or gustatory
What is the differ btwn delusion, illusion, and hallucination? (3)
delusion-is a fixed false blief which cannot be corrected by reasoning (2)illusion-
is misinterpreting a real sensory experience

(3)hallucation= sensory perception not do due to external stimuli...may be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or gustatory
Give ex of illusion?
seeing a shadow on a wall and believing its a monster
NAME
an ex of this is seeing a shadow on a wall and believing its a monster
illusion
What is aphasia?
language disturbance
NAME
this refers to language disturbance
aphasia
What is apraxia?
is impaired ability to carry out motor activites despite intact motor function
NAME
this is impaired ability to carry out motor activties despite intact motor function
apraxia
What is agnosia?
is faliure to recognize or id objects depsite intact sensory functioning
NAME
this is faliure to recognize id objects despite intact sensory functioning
agnosia
what is the differ btwn aphasia, apraxia, and agnosia?(3)
(1)aphasia-langauge distbance (2)apraxia-impaired ability to carry out motor activties despite motor functions (3)agnosia-faliure to recognize or id objects despite intact sensory functioning
what is the differ btwn aphasia, apraxia, and agnosia?(3)
(1)aphasia-langauge distbance (2)apraxia-impaired ability to carry out motor activties despite motor functions (3)agnosia-faliure to recognize or id objects despite intact sensory functioning
NAME
you usally see this disorder in children w depression or bad environment
oppositional defiant disoderd
you usally see oppositional defiant disorder in children w (1)and (2)
depression or bad environment
What are the symptoms for oppositional defiant disorder? (8)
a pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior such as (1)often losses temper (2)often argues w adults (3)often actively defies or refuses to compley w adults' requests or rules (4)often deliberately annoys people (5)often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehavior (6)is often touchy or easily annoyed by others (7)is often angry and resentful (8)is often spiteful and vindictive
NAME
the criteria for this include a pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior such as (1)often losses temper (2)often argues w adults (3)often actively defies or refuses to compley w adults' requests or rules (4)often deliberately annoys people (5)often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehavior (6)is often touchy or easily annoyed by others (7)is often angry and resentful (8)is often spiteful and vindictive
oppositional defiant disorder
alocholics usally crave (1)
high sugars and carbs
NAME
this is the most common cogintive disorder
delirium
What is cogintive deficit?
impairments or defect in one or more the mental functions needed for thinking
NAME
this is impairment or defect in one or more mental functions needed for thinking
cogntive function
What is orietnation?
the knowledge of where one is, what time, and who one is
NAME
this is the knowledge of where one is, what time, and who one is?
orientation
What is alertness?
awareness of the immediate environmetn
nAME
this is the awareness of the immediate environment
alertness
What is attention span?
the lenght of time that concentration can be maintained
NAME
this is the length of time that concentration can be attained
attention span
What is clouding of consciousness?
the person literally being in a fog
NAME
this is the person literally being in a fog
clouding of consciousness
What is concentration?
the ability to focus one's energies on the task at hand
NAME
this is the ability to focus one's energies on the task at ahnd
concentration
What is distractability?
a tendency to lose focus bc another stimulus catches on interests
NAME
this is a tendency to lose focus bc another stimulus catches on interests
distractibility
WHat is inattention?
the inability to pay attention even though no competing stimulius is present
nAME
this is the inability to pay attention even though no competing stimulus is present
inattention
What is memory?
the ability to recall past events and knowledge
NAME
this is the ability to recall past events and knowledge
memory
What is comprehension?
the ability to understand
NAME
this reflects background and social class
comprhenesion
Comprhension reflects (1)and (2)
background and social class
NAME
this is the ability to understand
comprhension
What is judgement?
the ability to recognize and comply w established social norms and standard procedurse
NAME
this is the ability to recognize and comply w established social norms and standards procedures
judgement
What is problem solving?
the ability to recoginze, analazye, and ultimately arrive at solutions for problems that arise in everyday life
NAME
this is the ability to recoginze, analazye, and ultimaltely arrive at solutions for problems that arise in everyday life
problem solving
What are the 5 Cs when giving directions?
(1)calm (2)clear (3)conscise (4)concrete (5)consistent
What kind of activites are preferable for people w cogintive problems?
short-term
What is the central concept around the cogitnive disabilities theory?
people w psyc and neuro disorders suffer from a disturbance in the mental functions that guide motor actions
What is the cogntive disability theory?
says that people w psyc and neuro disorders suffer from a disturbance in the mental functions that guide motor actions
NAME
this says that people w psyc and neuro disorders suffer from a disturbance in the mental functions that guide motor actions
cognitive disabilities theory
How many levels are there of cogintive ability
6
What is level 1 of cognitive ability and disability?
the person seems mostly unaware of whats going on. pay attention for only a few sds but can carry out auto habit motor routines such as feedings when food is presented. very slow to respond to respond to request or cue
NAME LEVEL OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND DISABILITY
the person seems mostly unaware of whats going on. pay attention for only a few sds but can carry out auto habit motor routines such as feedings when food is presented. very slow to respond to respond to request or cue
1
What is the level 2 of cognitive ability and disability?
The person seems to be aware of movement and position and the effects of gravity. They will sit and initiate some gross motor act. They are not aware of social contexts and may wander off. The person may assume bizarre positions or perform strange looking movements
NAME LEVEL OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND DISABILITY
The person seems to be aware of movement and position and the effects of gravity. They will sit and initiate some gross motor act. They are not aware of social contexts and may wander off. The person may assume bizarre positions or perform strange looking movements
2
What is the level 3 of cognitive ability and disability?
The person is interested in what is going on. He/she is easily distracted by objects in the environment and enjoys touching and manipulating them. They are able to engage in simple repetitive craft or activity. He/she has difficulty understanding cause/effect except in his or her actions. The person may become disoriented very easily and become lost.
NAME LEVEL OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND DISABILITY
The person is interested in what is going on. He/she is easily distracted by objects in the environment and enjoys touching and manipulating them. They are able to engage in simple repetitive craft or activity. He/she has difficulty understanding cause/effect except in his or her actions. The person may become disoriented very easily and become lost.
3
What is the level 4 of cognitive ability and disability?
Able to copy demonstrated directions presented one at a time. Can visualize the goal of making something. Interested in doing simple, 2d projects. Unable to plan details. However, tends to rely on prior learning and finds it easier to imitate a sample than follow diagram or picture. Cannot recognize errors, and may not be able to correct them even when they are point out. Does not understand that objects can be hidden from view.
NAME LEVEL OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND DISABILITYAble to copy demonstrated directions presented one at a time. Can visualize the goal of making something. Interested in doing simple, 2d projects. Unable to plan details. However, tends to rely on prior learning and finds it easier to imitate a sample than follow diagram or picture. Cannot recognize errors, and may not be able to correct them even when they are point out. Does not understand that objects can be hidden from view.
4
What is the level 5 of cognitive ability and disability?
The person shows interest in relationships btwn objects. However, the relationships must be concrete and obvious. The person can generally perform a task involving three familiar steps and one new one. The person may appear careless bc of inability to anticipate the possible consequences of actions. It is believed that this level is sufficient for a person of lower educational and occupational background to function in the community, although the person may not take ordinary and reasonable care regarding the
NAME LEVEL OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND DISABILITY
The person shows interest in relationships btwn objects. However, the relationships must be concrete and obvious. The person can generally perform a task involving three familiar steps and one new one. The person may appear careless bc of inability to anticipate the possible consequences of actions. It is believed that this level is sufficient for a person of lower educational and occupational background to function in the community, although the person may not take ordinary and reasonable care regarding the
5
NAME LEVEL OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND DISABILITY
The person appreciates the relationships btwn objects when they are not obvious
6
What is level 6 of cognitive ability and disability?
The person appreciates the relationships btwn objects when they are not obvious
What does RTI-2 stand for?
the routine task invertery 2
at what level of the cogintive ability and disability have trouble living unassited?
levels 1-4
People who score btwn (1)and (2)have trouble living unassisted on the level of the cogintive ability and disability
1-4
People who score btwn levels 1-4 have trouble (1) on the level of the cogintive ability and disability
living unasssted
What is the ACL?
the person is asked to imitate the therapist's demonstration of leather lacing stitches graded in complexity from single running stitches to the single cordovan stitch.
NAME
w this assesement tool, the the person is asked to imitate the therapist's demonstration of leather lacing stitches graded in complexity from single running stitches to the single cordovan stitch.
ACL
What does ACL stand for?
Allen Cognitive Level
When factors when selecting an activity?>(2)
(1)how well does it suit its purpose on intervention (2)how does it "fit" the client
NAME
this is the systematic breakdown of an activity into its smaller, simpler parts
activity anaylsis
What is an activity anaylsis?
is the systematic breakdown of an activity into its smaller, simpler parts
NAME
this is change that facilitates performance. It may entail change in the task and environment
adapation
What is adapation?
is a change that facilitates perofrmance
Adapatation may entail a change in (1)or (2)
environment or task
NAME
this is the process of advancing step by step, the course of gradual progress.
graduation
NAME
the purpose of this is to begin clients where they are capable and make progress as quickly as possible
gradation
What is the purpose of gradation?
is to begin clients where they are capable and make progress as quickly as possible
What are some specific types of documentation? (5)
(1)contact, treatment or visit notes (2)initial note (3)progress report (4)discharge report (5)incident report
NAME
some types of this include contact, treatment or visit notes, initial note, progress report, discharge report, and incident report
specific types of documentation
What are some specific types of documentation? (5)
(1)contact, treatment or visit notes (2)initial note (3)progress report (4)discharge report (5)incident report
Contact and treatment notes are also called (1)
visit
(1)and treatment notes are also called visit notes
contact
contact and (2)notes are also called visit notes
treatment
What is contact notes?
documents a single contact or visit.
NAME
this documents a single contact or visit
contact notes
What is initial note?
records that the OT has recieved and acted on the referral for service.
NAME
this is records that the OT has recieved and acted on the referral for service.
initial note
What is progress report?
docs treatment and changes in the patients condition since the last note.
NAME
this docs treatment and changes in the patients condition since the last note. the specific content will vary w. the setting, the patient, and the type of treatment
progress report
What is discharge report?
reviews the entire course of the patient's treatment
NAME
this reviews the entire course of the patient's treatment
discharge report
What is incident report?
docs the facts of the emergency, pt injury, or elopement while under the supervision of the OT.
NAME
docs the facts of the emergency, pt injury, or elopement while under the supervision of the OT.
incident report
What are the differ level of ACL? (6)compare
LEVEL 1
Unaware of whats going on
Can perform auto habits w promoting such as feeding
Very slow to respond
Level 2
-person seems to be aware of movement and position effects of gravity
-they will sit and initiate some motor act
-they are not social contexts may wander off
-the person may assume bizarre positions or perform strange looking movement
LEVEL 3
Person is interested in whats going on
Are easily distracted by objects and enjoy touching and manipulating them
Can engage in simple repetitive crafts
They have difficulty understanding cause/effect except in own actions
Can become easily disoriented and lost
LEVEL 4
Able to copy demonstrated directions one at time
Can visucalize goal of making something
Interested in 2d projects,
-unable to plan details
Relays on prior learning and finds it easier to follow pics and diagrams
Cannot recognizing errors or correct errors
Does not understand that objects are hidden view
LEVEL 5
-shows interests in relationships btwn objects but may not appear obvious
-person can generally perform a task showing three familiar steps and a new one
-appear care less bc cannot anticipate consequences of actions
-should be able to function in community
What are the differ level of ACL? (6)compare
LEVEL 1
Unaware of whats going on
Can perform auto habits w promoting such as feeding
Very slow to respond
Level 2
-person seems to be aware of movement and position effects of gravity
-they will sit and initiate some motor act
-they are not social contexts may wander off
-the person may assume bizarre positions or perform strange looking movement
LEVEL 3
Person is interested in whats going on
Are easily distracted by objects and enjoy touching and manipulating them
Can engage in simple repetitive crafts
They have difficulty understanding cause/effect except in own actions
Can become easily disoriented and lost
LEVEL 4
Able to copy demonstrated directions one at time
Can visucalize goal of making something
Interested in 2d projects,
-unable to plan details
Relays on prior learning and finds it easier to follow pics and diagrams
Cannot recognizing errors or correct errors
Does not understand that objects are hidden view
LEVEL 5
-shows interests in relationships btwn objects but may not appear obvious
-person can generally perform a task showing three familiar steps and a new one
-appear care less bc cannot anticipate consequences of actions
-should be able to function in community
What are the differ level of ACL? (6)compare
LEVEL 1
Unaware of whats going on
Can perform auto habits w promoting such as feeding
Very slow to respond
Level 2
-person seems to be aware of movement and position effects of gravity
-they will sit and initiate some motor act
-they are not social contexts may wander off
-the person may assume bizarre positions or perform strange looking movement
LEVEL 3
Person is interested in whats going on
Are easily distracted by objects and enjoy touching and manipulating them
Can engage in simple repetitive crafts
They have difficulty understanding cause/effect except in own actions
Can become easily disoriented and lost
LEVEL 4
Able to copy demonstrated directions one at time
Can visucalize goal of making something
Interested in 2d projects,
-unable to plan details
Relays on prior learning and finds it easier to follow pics and diagrams
Cannot recognizing errors or correct errors
Does not understand that objects are hidden view
LEVEL 5
-shows interests in relationships btwn objects but may not appear obvious
-person can generally perform a task showing three familiar steps and a new one
-appear care less bc cannot anticipate consequences of actions
-should be able to function in community
What is substance dependence (7)
a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinical distress or impairment in there or more of these areas (1)tolerance (2)w.drawl (3)the substance is often taken in larger amounts over a longer period of time than originally intended (4)there is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use (5)a great of time is spent in activities necessary to obtaining the substance (6)important social, occupational, or recreational activities are reduced or given up bc of substance use (7)the substance use conts despite knowledge of a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance
Alcohol is considered a (1)
substance
What is substance dependence? (7)
a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinical distress or impairment in there or more of these areas (1)tolerance (2)w.drawl (3)the substance is often taken in larger amounts over a longer period of time than originally intended (4)there is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use (5)a great of time is spent in activities necessary to obtaining the substance (6)important social, occupational, or recreational activities are reduced or given up bc of substance use (7)the substance use conts despite knowledge of a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance
What is substance dependence? (7)
a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinical distress or impairment in there or more of these areas (1)tolerance (2)w.drawl (3)the substance is often taken in larger amounts over a longer period of time than originally intended (4)there is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use (5)a great of time is spent in activities necessary to obtaining the substance (6)important social, occupational, or recreational activities are reduced or given up bc of substance use (7)the substance use conts despite knowledge of a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance
NAME
the criteria for this includes a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinical distress or impairment in there or more of these areas (1)tolerance (2)w.drawl (3)the substance is often taken in larger amounts over a longer period of time than originally intended (4)there is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use (5)a great of time is spent in activities necessary to obtaining the substance (6)important social, occupational, or recreational activities are reduced or given up bc of substance use (7)the substance use conts despite knowledge of a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance
substance dependence
What is tolerance? (2)
defined by (1)a need for markedly increased amounts of substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect (2)markedly diminished effect w cont use of the same amount of substance
What is tolerance? (2)
defined by (1)a need for markedly increased amounts of substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect (2)markedly diminished effect w cont use of the same amount of substance
NAME
the critera for this include defined by (1)a need for markedly increased amounts of substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect (2)markedly diminished effect w cont use of the same amount of substance
tolerance
What is withdrawal? (2)
is manifested by either of the following (1)characteristic w drawl syndrome for the substance (2)the same substance is taken to relieve or avoid w.drawl symptoms
What is withdrawal? (2)
is manifested by either of the following (1)characteristic w drawl syndrome for the substance (2)the same substance is taken to relieve or avoid w.drawl symptoms
NAME
the criteria for this include is manifested by either of the following (1)characteristic w drawl syndrome for the substance (2)the same substance is taken to relieve or avoid w.drawl symptoms
withdrawl
Compare and contrast tolerance and withdrawal? (2)
tolerance= defined by (1)a need for markedly increased amounts of substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect (2)markedly diminished effect w cont use of the same amount of substance



withdrawal= the characteristic withdrawl syndrome for the substance and the same substance is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms
T or F
you have tolerance and no withdrawal and still have substance dependence
true
can you have tolerance and no withdrawal and still have substance dependence
yes
T or F
people usally hang out their own kind...such as people w drink or use drugs like they do
true
People w high tolerane usally have (1)
tolerance for other substances
T or F
people w high tolerances usally have high tolerance for other substances such as pain killers
true
in alcoholic family,children develop certain (1)
roles
What are some of the roles that children going up in alcholic families develop?
(1)class clown (2)over achivever (3)hero (4)person who tries to solve problems
What are some jobs that alcoholics love? (4)
(1)military (2)construction (3)sheet laying (4)carpenters
NAME
people w these problems love the military, construction, sheet laying, and carpenters
alcholics
There is a correlation btwn (1)an aholics
Adh
There is a correlation btwn ADH and (2)
alcoholics
T or F
it is not how often someone drinks but what happens when the y drink
true
does it matter how often someone drinks?
no it matters what happens when they drink
What are some criteria for alcohol withdrawal? (8)
(1)cessation or reduction in alcohol use has been heavy and prolonged (2)two or more symptoms have developed w.in several hours to a few days-- 1) auto hyperactivty such as sweating and high fever 2. increased hand tremor 3. insomnia 4. nausea or vomiting 5. transient, visual, tactile, or auditory or hallucinations or illusions 6. psychomotor agitation 7.anxiety 8.grand mel seizures
What are some criteria for alcohol withdrawal? (9)
(1)cessation or reduction in alcohol use has been heavy and prolonged (2)two or more symptoms have developed w.in several hours to a few days-- 1) auto hyperactivty such as sweating and high fever 2. increased hand tremor 3. insomnia 4. nausea or vomiting 5. transient, visual, tactile, or auditory or hallucinations or illusions 6. psychomotor agitation 7.anxiety 8.grand mel seizures
What are some criteria for alcohol withdrawal? (8)
two or more symptoms have developed w.in several hours to a few days-- 1) auto hyperactivty such as sweating and high fever 2. increased hand tremor 3. insomnia 4. nausea or vomiting 5. hallucinations or illusions 6. psychomotor agitation 7.anxiety 8.grand mel seizures
NAME
some criteria for this include (1)cessation or reduction in alcohol use has been heavy and prolonged (2)two or more symptoms have developed w.in several hours to a few days-- 1) auto hyperactivty such as sweating and high fever 2. increased hand tremor 3. insomnia 4. nausea or vomiting 5. transient, visual, tactile, or auditory or hallucinations or illusions 6. psychomotor agitation 7.anxiety 8.grand mel seizures
alcohol withdrawal
people usally abuse alcholol or substances have trouble in 3 areas. what are they?
trouble id, expressing or sharing feelings
T or F
if a person cannot id their feelings then they cannot express or share them
true
Why are some reasons that people drink or use substances? (3)
to avoid depression, reduce anxiety, and avoid anger
What can you observe about a person from a basic craft group? (3)
(1)work skills (2)ability to problem solve (3)fustruaciton tolerance
NAME
this is residual category for patients who do not fulfill the criteria for substance depedence
substance abuse
What is the criteria for substance abuse? (4)
people do not fit criteria for depedence and do not have withdrawal or tolerance symptoms. however, have 4 main problem areas (1)failure to fulfill important roles (2)repeated use when it is physically dangerous to do so (3)use despite recurrent legal problems (4)use despite legal or interpersonal problems
NAME
some criteria for this include (1)failure to fulfill important roles (2)repeated use when it is physically dangerous to do so (3)use despite recurrent legal problems (4)use despite legal or interpersonal problems
substance abuse
What is the criteria for substance abuse? (4)
people do not fit criteria for depedence and do not have withdrawal or tolerance symptoms. however, have 4 main problem areas (1)failure to fulfill important roles (2)repeated use when it is physically dangerous to do so (3)use despite recurrent legal problems (4)use despite legal or interpersonal problems
What is the criteria for substance abuse? (4)
people do not fit criteria for depedence and do not have withdrawal or tolerance symptoms. however, have 4 main problem areas (1)failure to fulfill important roles (2)repeated use when it is physically dangerous to do so (3)use despite recurrent legal problems (4)use despite legal or interpersonal problems
t or F
someone can be substance abuser and have symptoms for withdrawl and tolerance
false
t or F
alcoholism runs in the family. researchers believe that some people are hard wired to become drugs abusers or depend.
true
What are some examples of Amphetamines? (3)
(1)cocaine (2)meth (3)speed
NAME
some exs of these include cocaine, meth, and speed
amphetamines
What are (2)patterns of abuse for amphetamines?
(1)daily or (2)binge
Amphetamines can be used either (1)
inhaled or smoked or injected
NAME
people w depression are usally drawn to this rug
amphetamine
NAME
people w depression are usally drawn to this drgu
amphetamine
people w (1)are usally drawn t o amphetamine
depression
amphetamine are mostly (1)
inhaled
What are some symptoms of amphetamine intoxication? (4)
(1)cessation of amphetamine use that has been heavy and prolonged (2)clincally significant behvaior or psyc changes such as euphoria, affective blunting, changes in sociabiltiy, hypervigilance, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, tension, or anger, sterotyped behaviors, impaired judgement, or impaired social or occupational functioning that develop (3)two or more of the following, developing during or shortly after, use of tachycardia or bradycardia, pupillary dilation, elevated or lowered blood pressure, persipration or chills, nausea or vomiting, evidence of weight loss, psychomotor agitation or retardation, muscular weakness, respiratory depression, chest pain or cardiac arrhythmias, confusion, seizures, dyskineasias, dystonias, or coma (4)very irritable, becoming social w.drawn
What are some symptoms of amphetamine intoxication? (4)
(1)cessation of amphetamine use that has been heavy and prolonged (2)clincally significant behvaior or psyc changes such as euphoria, affective blunting, changes in sociabiltiy, hypervigilance, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, tension, or anger, sterotyped behaviors, impaired judgement, or impaired social or occupational functioning that develop (3)two or more of the following, developing during or shortly after, use of tachycardia or bradycardia, pupillary dilation, elevated or lowered blood pressure, persipration or chills, nausea or vomiting, evidence of weight loss, psychomotor agitation or retardation, muscular weakness, respiratory depression, chest pain or cardiac arrhythmias, confusion, seizures, dyskineasias, dystonias, or coma (4)very irritable, becoming social w.drawn
NAMe
the criteria for this include (1)cessation of amphetamine use that has been heavy and prolonged (2)clincally significant behvaior or psyc changes such as euphoria, affective blunting, changes in sociabiltiy, hypervigilance, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, tension, or anger, sterotyped behaviors, impaired judgement, or impaired social or occupational functioning that develop (3)two or more of the following, developing during or shortly after, use of tachycardia or bradycardia, pupillary dilation, elevated or lowered blood pressure, persipration or chills, nausea or vomiting, evidence of weight loss, psychomotor agitation or retardation, muscular weakness, respiratory depression, chest pain or cardiac arrhythmias, confusion, seizures, dyskineasias, dystonias, or coma (4)very irritable, becoming social w.drawn
amphetamine intoxication
What is amphetamine withdrawal? (4)
(1)cessation of amphetamine use that has been heavy and prolonged (2)dysphoiric mood and two or more in the following changes 1.fatigue 2.vivid, unpleasant dreams 3. insomnia or hyersomnia 4.increased appetite 5.psychomotor retardation or agitation (3)cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning (4)not better suited for another disorder
What is amphetamine withdrawal? (4)
(1)cessation of amphetamine use that has been heavy and prolonged (2)dysphoiric mood and two or more in the following changes 1.fatigue 2.vivid, unpleasant dreams 3. insomnia or hyersomnia 4.increased appetite 5.psychomotor retardation or agitation (3)cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning (4)not better suited for another disorder
What is amphetamine withdrawal? (5)
dysphoiric mood and two or more in the following changes 1.fatigue 2.vivid, unpleasant dreams 3. insomnia or hyersomnia 4.increased appetite 5.psychomotor retardation or agitation
NAME
some of the symptoms include dysphoiric mood and two or more in the following changes 1.fatigue 2.vivid, unpleasant dreams 3. insomnia or hyersomnia 4.increased appetite 5.psychomotor retardation or agitation (3)cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning (4)not better suited for another disorder
amphetamine withdrawal
How long does it take for amphetamine withdrawal?
2-3 weeks
T or F
it usually takes 2-3 weeks to withdrawal from amphetamine
true
What are some examples drugs that are hallucinations?
(1)PCP (2)shrooms (3)LSD
NAME
some of these include PCP, shrooms, and LSD
hallucinations
What is PCP?
used by vets as tranquizlers
NAME
this is hallucination used by vets as tranquilzers
PCP
What kind of people are at higher risk for drug abuse?
people who want to live for moment, doing it bc feel good, and having trouble commiting
LSD is also called (1)
acid
(1)is also called acid
LSD
T or F
people who tend not come out of "bad trip" usllay have other mental illness
true
People who tend to not come out of a "bad trip" usally have other (1)
mental illness
PCP is also called (1)
angel dust
(1)is also called angel dust
PCP
what kind of drug is PCP?
a depressant and stimulant
NAME
people who do this drug appear psychotic, usually kill themselves and show signs of shizohrenia
PCP
people who do PCP usally appear (1)and (2)
psychotic w symptoms of sizhphrenia and kills themselves
NAME
people who do this drug appear psychotic, usually kill themselves and show signs of shizohrenia
PCP
NAME
an ex of someone on this drug would be someone climbing the water tower and believing they are spider man or jumbing out a window trying to fly bc they think they are superman
PCP
What are some exs of opiodes? (7)
(1)codine (2)methadone (3)heroin (4)caugh syrup (5)morphine (6)analegestic 97)anthestics
NAME
some exs of this drug include codine, methadone, heroin, cough syrup, morphine, analegestic, and anthestics
opiodes
NAME
people who use these drugs are usally trying to numb the pain
opiodes
What kind of drugs are opiodes?
CNS depressants
T or F
many people die from overdose of opiodes
true
many people die of overdoses from (1)
opiodes
What are some generally symptoms of people who are on opiodes? (4)
(1)get larthgics(2)a lot of time spend trying to spend, planning to get drug/use it (3)ADLs become bad (4)rub noise, legs, scratch self such as legs
What are some generally symptoms of people who are on opiodes? (4)
(1)get larthgics(2)a lot of time spend trying to spend, planning to get drug/use it (3)ADLs become bad (4)rub noise, legs, scratch self such as legs
NAME
symptoms of this include (1)get larthgics(2)a lot of time spend trying to spend, planning to get drug/use it (3)ADLs become bad (4)rub noise, legs, scratch self such as legs
opiodes
NAME
people usally use this to reduce exictement/calm down
sedatives
Why do some peopel use sedatives?
to reduce anxiety/calm down
Why do some people use hepontics?
to sleep
NAME
some people use this drug to help them sleep
hepontics
NAME
use of this drug is more common w people w depression and people w personality disorders
alcohol
NAME
use of this drug is more common w people w depression and people w personality disorders
alcohol
(1)and (2)races are more prone to alcohol abuse and depedence
Japanese and Native Americans
T or F
people on halliucations usally go through bad withdrawls and it is hard to quit
true
NAME
this frame of reference helps us develop skills for forming and maintaining relationships
humanistic approach
NAME
this is the very roots of ot, in the early 1900s which originated from the moral treatment movement
humanistic frame of reference
NAME
this is the very roots of ot, in the early 1900s which originated from the moral treatment movement
humanistic frame of reference
What are (2)concepts of existential concepts?
(1)freedom (2)anxiety
NAME
this has two concepts--freedom and anxiety
existential concepts
NAME
this implies that an indvl has capacity for self-awareness and awareness of his environment that allows him to make choices
freedom
What is freedom?
this says that a person is alone responsible for his own dilemmas
NAME
this says that a person is alone responsible for his own dilemmas
freedom
T or F
an indvl who is aware need not allow his present behavior to be determined by others, his situations, or his past experiences
true
NAME
this therapy is aimed at getting patients to see they have choices and helps them take responsibility for the choices that contributed to who they are today
humanistic frame of reference
T or F
anxiety is a necessary condition of living
true
T or F
anxiety is not a necessary condition of living
false
What is anxiety concept?
says that each indvl develops the meaning of life for himself. and a certain amount of anxiety is normal and postive
NAME
this says that each indvl develops the meaning of life for himself
anxiety
What is the psychodynamic frame of references?
says that perceptions, thoughts, and feelings influence one's selection of, participation in, and satisfaction w occupation
NAME
this says that perceptions, thoughts, and feelings influence one's selection of, participation in, and satisfaction w occupation
psychodynamic frame of references
What are some examples of frames of references you can use? (4)
(1)the psychodynamic (2)humanistic approach (3)MOHO (4)developmental theory
NAME
these are exs of some frames of references--the psychodynamic approach, the humanistic approach, MOHO, and developmental theory
frames of references
NAME
this an outgrowth of the early psych processes used in ot
psychodynamic frames of reference
the person's performance in ot tasks is viewed as a representative of (1)
his or her ability to organize, problem solve, and perform occupationally of the ego
The person's performance of ot task is viewed as his or her ability to organize, problems solve, and perform occupationally--all functions of the (1)
ego
NAME
this is viewed as a representative of his or her ability to organize, problems solve, and perform occupationally of the ego
the performance of a task
Early ots applied a model similar to Freud's using (1)
art media for encouraging expression and accessing unconscious material
why did early ots used craft media?
to assess self image and body imange
NAME
early ots used to assess self image and body image
craft media
therapeutic community is also called (1)
therapeutic milieua
(1)is also called the therapeutic milieua
therapeutic community
in the 1960s and 1980s, ot in mental health settings occured in the context of (1)where patients engaged in (1)
(1)inpatient or outpatient (2)therapeutic milieu
NAME
in the 1960s and 1980s, ots in mental health settings used this type of therapy in the inpatient and outpatient units
therapeutic milieu
Describe therapeutic milieua? (6)
(1)provides a sense of structure and safety (2)the environment is designed to simulate one's everyday environments (3)patients engage together throughout the day (4)free or unstructured time allows participants the opportuntiy to talk, reflect, and develop management skills (5)w staff support, clients are expected to take responsibility for getting along, resolving differences, and planning leisure activties (6)w.in this context, there are many opportunities for participants to give each other feedback, to learn from, and support each other. and to practice social skills and other functional living skills
Describe therapeutic milieu? (6)
(1)provides a sense of structure and safety (2)the environment is designed to simulate one's everyday environments (3)patients engage together throughout the day (4)free or unstructured time allows participants the opportuntiy to talk, reflect, and develop management skills (5)w staff support, clients are expected to take responsibility for getting along, resolving differences, and planning leisure activties (6)w.in this context, there are many opportunities for participants to give each other feedback, to learn from, and support each other. and to practice social skills and other functional living skills
NAME
this involves the following--(1)provides a sense of structure and safety (2)the environment is designed to simulate one's everyday environments (3)patients engage together throughout the day (4)free or unstructured time allows participants the opportuntiy to talk, reflect, and develop management skills (5)w staff support, clients are expected to take responsibility for getting along, resolving differences, and planning leisure activties (6)w.in this context, there are many opportunities for participants to give each other feedback, to learn from, and support each other. and to practice social skills and other functional living skills
therapeutic milieu
What are (3)opportunities that task groups allow clients to learn about themseleves?(3)
(1)ots groups are "micrcosm of life/work situations" (2)groups are structured according to the abilities of participants (3)outcome is not just on the product but also the process
NAME
this provides clients the opportunity to do the following---(1)ots groups are "micrcosm of life/work situations" (2)groups are structured according to the abilities of participants (3)outcome is not just on the product but also the process
task groups
T or F
outcome is not just on the product but also on the process
tru
outcome is not just one the (1)but also on the (2)
(1)product (2)process
NAME
this means the client can respond to external and iternal stimuli
dynamic person system
NAME
this framework considers the relationship btwn the dynamic person system and the environment
psychodynamic approach
According to the psychodynamic frames of reference, what are (3)relationships that influence the person's motivation and object choices throughout the life span?
(1)the dynamic energy system (2)object choice and relationships (3)motivation
According to the psychodynamic frames of reference, what are (3)relationships that influence the person's motivation and object choices throughout the life span?
(1)the dynamic energy system (2)object choice and relationships (3)motivation
NAME
according to this frame of reference, these three factors influence the a persons motivation and object choices--the dynamic energy system, object choice and relationships, and motivation
psychodynamic frame of reference
according to the psychodynamic frame of reference, each person is a (1)
dynamic energy system
NAME
according to the this frame of reference, each person is a dynamic energy system
psychodynamic frames of reference
What is dnyamic energy system?
means that the nature of each person is to create relationships w people and non-human objects through the process of "doing"
NAME
this says that the nature of each person is to create relationships w people and non-human objects through the process of "doing"
dynamic energy system
the dynamic energy system, object choice and relationships, and motivation all influence (1)
a person;s motivation and object choice
describe a persons developmental progression of object choice and relationships? (2)
persons engage w human and nonhuman objects, establish self-id, and build increasingly complex social and occupational skills. (2)by undestanding one's own behavior and being given the opportunity to develop new styles, a person may change in manner in which they relate to human and non human objects an participates in occuaption
By understanding one's own behavior and being given the opportunity to develop new styles, a person may (1)
change the manner in which he/she relates to human and non-human objects and participates in occuaption
T or F
some people may fear change or not want to try something new
true
what is it important to note about a person's motivation? (2)
(1)person may fear change or resist trying something new, esp if he/she does not expect to succeed,(2)each person is believed to have an innate striving to grow, mature, be competenant, and relate in a meaningful way to people and the world around them
what is it important to note about a person's motivation? (2)
(1)person may fear change or resist trying something new, esp if he/she does not expect to succeed,(2)each person is believed to have an innate striving to grow, mature, be competenant, and relate in a meaningful way to people and the world around them
When does a person move towards self-actualization?
when he/she uses thoughts, feelings, senses and perceptions to increase self-awareness, pursue interests, and develop personal talents
NAME
a persons moves towards this when he/she uses thoughts, feelings, senses and perceptions to increase self-awareness, pursue interests, and develop personal talents
self-actualization
According to the pychodynamic frame of reference, what is function? (5)
the person is aware of feelings (2)has a healthy ego (3)can make realistic assessments about what is going on in the environment (4)can adapt to expectations (5)can use intellect and insight and judgment to solve problems and personal needs in a socially acceptable way
According to the pychodynamic frame of reference, what is function? (5)
the person is aware of feelings (2)has a healthy ego (3)can make realistic assessments about what is going on in the environment (4)can adapt to expectations (5)can use intellect and insight and judgment to solve problems and personal needs in a socially acceptable way
NAME
this involes the person is aware of feelings (2)has a healthy ego (3)can make realistic assessments about what is going on in the environment (4)can adapt to expectations (5)can use intellect and insight and judgment to solve problems and personal needs in a socially acceptable way
function according to the psychodynamic frame of reference
According to the psychodynamic frame of reference, what is dysfunction? (4)
(1)the person is unaware of feelings and affect decisions(2)the person views himself/herself and/or external environment in ways that are very different from others (3)the person is making choices not in harmony w personal values (4)the person is unable to function satisfactorily and meaningfully in ADLS, work, play, lesiure, and social participation
According to the psychodynamic frame of reference, what is dysfunction? (4)
(1)the person is unaware of feelings and affect decisions(2)the person views himself/herself and/or external environment in ways that are very different from others (3)the person is making choices not in harmony w personal values (4)the person is unable to function satisfactorily and meaningfully in ADLS, work, play, lesiure, and social participation
NAME
this type of person cannot do the following---(1)the person is unaware of feelings and affect decisions(2)the person views himself/herself and/or external environment in ways that are very different from others (3)the person is making choices not in harmony w personal values (4)the person is unable to function satisfactorily and meaningfully in ADLS, work, play, lesiure, and social participation
dsyfunctional person according the psychodynamic frames of references
NAME
in this model, ots serve as knowledgeable, empathetic guide who believes that the client has strength and wisdom about his or her needs
psychodynamic frame of reference
in the psycodynamic of reference what are the differ roles of the OT? (2)
(1)serve as knoledgeable, empathic guide who believes that the client has strength and wisdom about his or her own needs (2)uses client centered approach (3)relase
T or F
persons w mental illness do not have an impaired ability to perform functional activity
false
According to the psychodynamic frames of reference, what are some ways ots need to keep in mind about people w mental illness? (4)
(1)many need to learn basic skills we take for granted such as driving a car (2)create external boundaries when person lacks internal control (3)reaffirming priorities or seeeing onself in a new way such as exploring untaped skills, new roles, interests, or other ways of relating to others etc (4)people w mental illness frequently have an impaired ability to perform functional activity (5)mutual responsibility (6)establish a safe context
According to the psychodynamic frames of reference, what are some ways ots need to keep in mind about people w mental illness? (4)
(1)many need to learn basic skills we take for granted such as driving a car (2)create external boundaries when person lacks internal control (3)reaffirming priorities or seeeing onself in a new way such as exploring untaped skills, new roles, interests, or other ways of relating to others etc (4)people w mental illness frequently have an impaired ability to perform functional activity (5)mutual responsibility (6)establish a safe context
T or F
you would may want to use the psychodynamic frame of refernece when working w dementia or alizhemers patients
false
What frame of reference may you want to use w people w dementia or alizhemer's ? (2)
(1)MOHO (2)developmental theory
What frames of references may you want to use with people w mental retardation?
the behavioral model
What kind of craft group may you want to run w someone w feel hopelessness?
craft group w feedback
What is mutual responsibility?
is when the ot acknowledges that the invdl has a will and responsibility for making decisions and choices
NAME
this is when the ot acknowledges that the invdl has a will and responsibility for making decisions and choices
mutual responsibility
according to the psydynamic frames of reference, what are some functions of activities?(9)
(1)meaningful expression through art (2)regaining self control (3)establishing or regaining a sense of self-confidence and coping ability (4)increase self awarness and self expression (5)the structure in activties can assist persons w self control or who are confused to feel safer and help them increase their internal organization and strengthen or reestablish self control (6)they are in opportunity for examining priorities and trying out new roles or gaining confidence w already established roles (7)they provide a vehicle for learning more about one's relationships to other and enhacning social skills (8)they provide a means toward increased self-acceptance (9)they provide an avenue for improving one's quality of life--experiencing enjoyment, feeling competent, and connecting to something greater than self
according to the psydynamic frames of reference, what are some functions of activities?(9)
(1)meaningful expression through art (2)regaining self control (3)establishing or regaining a sense of self-confidence and coping ability
structure and predictability in the external world can help to compensate for the (1)
unpredictability of indvl inner world
NAME
this can help to compensate for the unpredictability of indvl inner world
structure and predictability in the external world
what are ot projective assessments?
people are believed to project his or her personality into task performance. therefore, art media is used to see expression of feelings and emotions
NAME
these assements are used bc it is beleived to project his or her personaility into task performance
ot projective assesments
What are some examples of OT projective assements? (4)
(1)Azima battery (2)shoemyen battery (3)goodman battery (4)Lernet magazine picture collage
NAME
some exs of these include (1)Azima battery (2)shoemyen battery (3)goodman battery (4)Lernet magazine picture collage
ot projective assessments
what is the azima battery?
person uses paper and penicil, makes an objects out of clay or finger paints
NAME
in this type of assessment, the person uses paper and penicil, makes objects out of clay and finger paints
azima battery
What is the shoemyen battery?
the person makes mosaic tile trivets, finger paints, carve objects or model humans firgue from clay
NAME
in this type of assessment, the person makes mosaic tile trivets, finger paints, or carve objects or model humans firuges from clay
shoemyen battery
What is the goodman battery?
client creates mosicac tile trivet, spontaneous drawing, human figure drawing, and makes an object out of clay
NAME
during this assessment, the client creates mosicac tile trivet, spontaneous drawing, human figure drawing, and makes an object out of clay
goodman battery
what is the lerner magazine picture collage?
the client is given colored construction paper and magazines and told to construction a collage
NAME
during this assessment, the client is given colored construction paper and magazines and told to construction a collage
lerner magazine picture collage
What does behavior does the Azima battery assess? (4)
(1)mood (2)drives (3)ego organization (4)object relations
What behavior does the Shoemyen battery assess?
response to tasks
What behavior does the goodman battery assess?
(1)organization (2)discrimination (3)sequencing (4)problem solving (5)ability for independence (6)ego boundaries (7)preferences (8)emotional tone (9)need for control (9)use of tools
what behaviors does the lerner magazine picture collage assess? (4)
(1)cogintive perceptual skills (2)nature and quality of defenses (3)affect (4)sense of self (5)quaility of object relations
NAME
this frame of refernce helps use develop skills for forming and maintaining relationships
humanistic frame
NAME
this is the very roots of ot, originated in the moral treatment
humanistic frame of reference
NAME
this is the very roots of ot, originated in the moral treatment
humanistic frame of reference
The humanistic frame of reference is the (1)
very roots of ot
NAME
the moral treatment originated from this frame of reference
humanistic
what are (2)basic assumptions about the humanistic frame of reference?
(1)existential concepts (2)humanistic approach
What person's ideas is the psychodynamic approach based on?
Freud
What persons' ideas is the humanistic approach based on?
carl rogers
NAME
this approach is based off the idea of Carl Rogers
humanistic concepts
NAME
this approach is based off the ideas of Freud
psyhodynamic frame of reference
NAME
this is made up of two concepts--the existential concept and the humanstic concept
humanistic frame of reference
What are (2)parts to the existential concept?
(1)freedom (2)anxiety
NAME
this has two parts or key concepts- freedom and anxiety
existential concept
NAME
this implies that the person is alone responsible for his own life dilemmas
freedom
What is freedom according to the humansistic frame of reference?
each person is responsible for his or her own dilemmas-makes on choices
NAME
this term implies that an indvl has the capacity for self awareness and awareness of environment that allows him to make self choices
freedom
in the humanistic approach, therapy is aimed at giving patients (1)
choices
T or F
anxiety is a necessary condition of living
true
What does the humanstic frame of reference assume about anxiety?
(1)each person develops the meaning of life for himself (2)anxiety is normal and postive
NAME
according to this model, each person has no pre-determined meaning. each indvl develops the meaning of life for himself
humanistic frame of reference
NAME
this person developed nondirective counseling
carl rogers
Carl Rogers developed (1)
nondirective counseling
What is non-directive counseling?
based on the assumption that the patient really knows what is best for him.
NAME
this is based on the assumption that the patient really knows what is best for him
non-directive counseling
What are (5)concepts that are part of the humanistic concept?
(1)respect (2)genuineness (3)non-judgmental acceptance (4)deep understanding (5)self-actualization
NAME
this has five concepts--(1)respect (2)genuineness (3)non-judgmental acceptance (4)deep understanding (5)self-actualization
humanistic concept
NAME
this involves the therapist seeing the patient as the real expert of his onw life and capable of creating own soluations
resepct
NAME
this involves the therapists expreses real emotional responeses to the patient
genuiness
What is genuiness?
involves expresseing real emotional responses to the patient
What is non-judgemental acceptance?
the relationship btwn therapist and client is one of caring in which the patient is accepted for who is and w a unconditional positive regard
NAME
this is when the relationship btwn therapist and client is one of caring in which the patient is accepted for who is and w a unconditional positive regard
non-judgmental acceptance
NAME
this allows the patient to reveal all of his inner secrets and feelings w out fear of rejection
unconditional postive regard
self-actualization can be achieved until (1)
all basic needs are meet
when can self-actualizatio be ahieved w?
when all basic needs are meet
According to the humanistic frame of reference, what is function?(3)
healthy invl is one who is self-actualized, and who is functioning close to potential (2)are aware of ability to make choices and consequences of actions (3)the person feels good about self
According to the humanistic frame of reference, what is function?(3)
healthy invl is one who is self-actualized, and who is functioning close to potential (2)are aware of ability to make choices and consequences of actions (3)the person feels good about self
NAME
according to this frame of refernce, a functional person is one who healthy invl is one who is self-actualized, and who is functioning close to potential (2)are aware of ability to make choices and consequences of actions (3)the person feels good about self
humanistic frame
According to the humanistic frame of reference, what is dysfunction?
a person who does not feel good about self (2)is not aware of choices and consequences of decision's (3)is not self acutlized
NAME
according to this frame of reference, dysfunction is someone who a person who does not feel good about self (2)is not aware of choices and consequences of decision's (3)is not self acutlized
humanistic frame of reference
what does the humanistic frame of reference assume about change and motivation?(2)
that people have a natural tendency to improve quaility of lifes (2)cannot change patients if patients must desires change for themselves
What does the humanistic frame of reference think about group treatment,
1)feedback and support from peers has greater value than could get from one indvl
What kind of groups is the humanistic frame of reference good for? (3)
(1)higher functioning pop (2)certain levels of self-awarness are expected, members should be able to communicate self-perceptions to group well (3)capable of insight
What kind of groups is the humanistic frame of reference good for? (3)
(1)higher functioning pop (2)certain levels of self-awarness are expected, members should be able to communicate self-perceptions to group well (3)capable of insight
NAME
in this frame of reference, group members need to be a higher functioning pop and capable of insight. clients should have a certain level of self-awareness and able to communicate their self-perceptions to a group reasonable well
humanistic frame of reference
an indvl attends a community treatment day program to asssist in recovery from major depression, he has fair eye contact and responds verbally to interactions intitaed by others. cogintiion is intact. the most appropriate group level that the OT recommends this person attend to is
(a)parllel
(b)project
(c)cooperative
(d)mature
project
an ot provides consulation to gerispychiartic unit for indvls w mid-stage dementia. she suggests an activity program that includes groups emphaisizing
(a)reminiscence
(b)reality orientation
(c)sensory stimulation
(d)coping skills
reminscnce
an ot provides consulation services to a new-geri-psych residential faciltiy for indvls w dementia. she provides suggestions to help residents locate their new living space. the most appropriate recommendation to the faciltiy is to
a)post each resident's name on the door in large print
b)provide residents w wristbands w their room number on it
c)provide color coded floor plans w each color matching the color of the resident's door
d)leisure activties such as completing puzzle
self care activites such as brushing teeth
a five yr old child diagnosed w ADH would demonstrate
a)an excessively high energy level that can be lessened by eliminating consumption of coffee and sugar b)symptoms of learning disabilities (c)non-purposeful activity that interferes w function in age-appropriate skills d)poor attention to school and play during the past 3 monts
c
the ot administratrs the ACL to an indvl diagnosed w schizoid personaility disorder. the most complex behavior that the indvl can do is running stitch, imitating the OTs example. the highest level skills that the indvl would be able do is
a)demonstrate poor imitiation of another's posture in an excerise class
b)consistently match colors of clothing items
c)understand general aspects of cause and effect
d)sand wood independendtly
d
the ot designs an eva group for adolescents newly admitted to an eating disorder unit. the acitivty must usfeul ti asess the client's task and social skills is
a)completion of a group collage relfecting personal interests
b)cooking a three course dinner to eaten family style
c)discussion of reasons for adimission to the unit
d)watching a teen soap opera and discussing problem scenarios
a
an ot develops a task group for an acute care psychiatric hospital. the most appropriate activity for the ot is to implement is
a)planning a pizza party for the weekend
b)decorating the styrofoam cups and planting cuttings in them
c)publishing a weekly newsletter
d)painting a large mural to cover a wall in the day room
b