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14 Cards in this Set

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Gregorio Maranon
injected ppl with adrenaline without explaining effects; 30% reported feeling emotion

most said felt 'as if' feeling emotion but experience was cold, not typical genuine emotion

(dont get emotion when artificially induce visceral change)
Schachter's 2 factor theory
1.stimulus
2.arousal + cognitive label
3. emotion


importance of cognitive interpretation
Misattribution of Arousal
attribute arousal to wrong source
may attribute arousal to nonemotional source

ex. caffeine --> love

does not account for specific physiological states associated with some emotions
excitation transfer
residual physiological arousal caused by 1 event is transferred to new stimulus

how experiences bleed into other experiences

ex. climb stairs.. see puppy, cutest thing ever
Magna Arnold
faulted darwin and james for not explaining how emotions are elicited in first place
emotional perception
judgment of how an object of perception affects 1 personally

sense judgments: direct, immediate, nonreflective, nonintellectual, automatic
bodily responses
appraisals sets in motion physiological responses experienced as sort of unpleasant tension
impulse to action
beh that reduces the bodily response tension, offering sense from this internal discomfort

each emotion marked by distinct physiological activity that urges us toward different actions
Lazarus
cognitive-motivational-appraisal theory

2 levels involved in appraisal
level 1= molecular level
level 2= molar level

appraisal= relational assessment; compare beliefs, desires, intentions with external circumstances
Level 1
Molecular
individual appraisal components

primary appraisal:motivational, does event have personal relevance? consistent with goals? type of ego-involvement?

secondary appraisal: coping, anyway to avoid further harm? who deserves blame/credit? future expectations?
Level 2
molar level

individual level components combine to form relational meaning or theme

relational themes based on what situation has to offer for good or bad and what person brings to situation in terms of goals, intentions, memories
examples of core relational themes
anger: demeaning offense against oneself
fear: overwhelming physical danger
guilt: demeaning offense against other
sadness: irrevocable loss
happiness: progress toward goal
Zajonc
attack to cognitive approach
says objects can be evaluated without needing cognition at all

evaluation/preference as basic affective response
7 reasons why zajonc argued affect and cognition are different systems
1.affective reactions come first
2.affect is basic
3.affect is inescapable
4.affective judgments are irrevocable
5.affective reactions are difficult to verbalize
6.affective reactions dont need to depend on cognition
7.affective reactions may be free floating