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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
definition of emotion
emotions caused by person consciously or uncon. evaluating an event as relevant to a concern or goal that is important for survival

core of emotion is readiness to act and prompt plans, give priority and sense of urgency that interupts ongoing mental processes or actions

experienced as distinct type of mental or phenomenal state soetimes accompanied by physiological, bodily changes, characteristic thought patterns, actions
Darwins principles
1. servicable associated habits (former adaptive behavior that once allowed organism to avoid danger)

2. antithesis (mental state is opposite of behavior)

3. direct action of nervous system (beh that doesnt have a function of value)
Darwin's data sources
ability of humans to decode emotions
infants' expressions
expression in animals
observations of humans across cultures
great master painters
mentally ill
homolog v. analog
homolog= share develop. or evolutionary orgin (animals)

analog= same funciton but not same orgin)
neurocultural theory
emotional stimuli trigger facial affect programs that coordinate emotions and motor commands to facial muslces
Universal affect program
genetically based pattern of action

complex, beh patterns not simple reflexes

elicited by feature or event in enviornment and can become more skilled with learning

kind of genetically determined start up program
Ekman's new guinea study
study one: lower recognition for negative emotions

study 2: happy story, 90% chose happy face; sad/angry/disgust stories, 69-89% chose correct face
volitional control?
display rules:
intensify emotions (show more cuz expected to)
deintensify emotions

[decoding rules for what is appropriate]
fake smile

genuine: orbicularis oculi and zygomatic muscles contract

fake: orb. not under voluntary control, so only zygo (mouth) used
Ingroup advantage

caused by people not being as motivated to process outgroup members in depth OR cultural differences in expressing emotion
nonverbal accents
facilitate understanding w/in groups
impede understanding across groups
establish speaker's cultural identity
mirrored image

emotional cues leak more on left side of face, more pronounced
evolutionary basis for cultural variation?
process of conventionalization (different for each colony)

group specific expressions
emotions originally reflexes for functions that weren't communicative; new evolutionary steps for functions to be recognized
social communication view

expressions to communicate motivations and intentions

link b/w expression and emotion likely indirect, not 1 to 1 as ekman's neurocultural view

sunny day/bowling alley studies