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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An individual's characteristic patterns of thoughts, emotion, & behavior
What approach discusses how people differ psychologically from one another with a focus on personality traits?
Trait Approach
Which approach focuses on the unconcious mind and internal conflict?
Psychoanalytic Approach
Which approach focuses on physiology, inheritance, and evolution?
Biological Approach
Psychoanalytic Theorist
Biological Theorist
Trait Theorist
Eyesenck, Allport, Cattell
Which approach focuses on conscious experience, growth, spirituality, and self-fulfillment?
Humanistic Approach
Humanistic Theorist
Rogers & Maslow
Which approach focuses on science of learning and the impact of rewards and punishment?
Behavioral Theorist
Pavlov & Skinner
Which approach emphasizes human thought?
Cognitive Approach
Which approach emphasizes that we are different in different situations?
Interactionist Approach
Reliability within a particular set of observations
Internal Consistency
The measure's degree of consistency on different occasions
Test-Retest Reliability
The assment IS related to what it should be related to
Convergent Validation
The assessment is NOT related to what is should NOT be related to
Divergent Validity
When the measure predicts an outcome
Criterion-Related Validation
The tendency to say "yes" or to agree
Uses a stack of cards and the person makes comparisons among their own characteristics
Records the actual behavior of a person
Behavioral Observations
Interviews that yield rich info but that have questionable validity
Interviews with more validity but that don't reveal individual nuances
Involves the careful analysis of writings such as letters & diaries
Document Analysis / Life Stories
Uses an unstructured stimulus, task, or situationsuch as inkblots or drawing
Projective Tests
3 Types of Research Methods
1. Case Studies
2. Correlational Research
3. Experimental Research
When is a case study used?
-Rare or unusual situations
-Demonstrate possibilities
-Demonstrate treatment
-As disconfirming evidence
Strengths of a case study
-Depty & detail
-Capture complexity
Weaknesses of case studies
-Problem of generalization
-Entangled relationships among variables
-Experimenter biases
A study the assesses the extent to which two variables are related
Correlational Design
Degree of accuracy with which you can make a prediction about 2nd variable given value of the 1st variable
Strength of Correlation
Strengths of Correlational Research
-Can study a broad range of variables
-Can look at multiple variables at one time
-Large samples are easily obtained
Weaknesses of Correlational Research
-Relationships are associational, not CAUSUAL
-Studies individuals
-Potential problems with reliability and validity of self-report measures