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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a stimulus that elicits a particular response without the necessity of prior training
US [Unconditioned Stimulus]
involuntary or automatic response to a US
UR [unconditioned response]
environmental events
stimuli
behavioral events
responses
learned reaction to a CS
CR [conditioned response]
stimulus which when paired with a US comes to elicit a CR
CS [conditioned stimulus]
stimuli presented before or after one another
trace or backward conditioning
overlap between US & CS
delayed conditioning
presentation of CS & US at the same time
simultaneous conditioning
optimal learning occurs in which conditioning procedure?
trace or delayed
impairment of conditioned reflex by repeated presentations of CS by itself
CS pre-exposure effect [latent inhibition]
when one stimulus of a compund CS elicits a CR while the other stimulus does not
overshadowing
a previously conditioned CS is placed in compound with a second CS and paired with the same US as before. As a result, there is little or no conditioning to the second CS
Blocking
CS and US occur close together in time or place
contiguity
presentation of the CS has to be correlated with the presentation of the US
contingency
reduction of learned response that occurs because the CS is no longer paired with the US
extinction
the tendency of a previously conditioned reflex to occur after having been extinguished
spontaneous recovery
subject learns that the presence of the CS signals the presence of the US
excitatory conditioning
subject learns that the presence of the CS signals the absence of the US
inhibitory conditioning
a test procedure that identifies a stimulus as a conditioned inhibitor if that stimulus reduces the responding elicited by a conditioned excititory stimulus
summation test
a test procedure that identifies a stimulus as a conditioned inhibitor if that stimulus is slower to acquire excititory properties than a comparison stimulus
retardation test
suppression of an operant response due to presentation of a classically conditioned inhibitory stimulus
conditioned emotional response [CER]
tendency to respond to stimuli resembling the CS
generalization
tendency to respond only to the CS and not to other similar stimuli
discrimination
a procedure in which a previously conditioned stimulus is used to condition a new stimulus
higher-order conditioning
the idea that the CR represents an attempt by the body to prepare itself for the onset of the US
compensatory response theory [CRT]
a form of classical conditioning in which a food item that has been paired with illness becomes a conditioned aversive stimulus
learned taste aversion
the activity of the immune system has been shown to be responsive to conditioned environmental stimuli
conditioned immunosuppression
process of associating a feared CS with a positive US
counterconditioning
who developed counterconditioning?
mary cover jones
behaviorial treatment for phobias that involve gradual exposure to feared stimulus under conditions of relaxation
systematic desensitization
use of imaginary stimuli
imaginal desensitization
use of real phobic stimuli
in vivo desensitization
who deveoped systematic desensitization
wolpe
beghavioral treatment that involves prolonged exposure to a feared stimulus
flooding