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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Extinction Contingency for Lucille
Before: Lucille has no attention.
Behavior: Lucille wanders into the nurses' office
After: Lucille has no attention.
Extinction following Reinforcement principle
-Stopping the reinforcement or escape contingency
-for a previously reinforced response
-causes the response frequency to decrease
Josh's extinction to reduce a multiply maintained behavior contingency
Before: Josh gets attention, toys, and chips.
Behavior: Josh runs away.
After: Josh does not get attention, toys, and chips.
Extinction Bursts
Initial increases in the response frequency, magnitude, or intensity, especially if that response has an "emotional" or aggressive component
Spontaneous Recovery
-A temporary recovery of the extinguished behavior
-during the first part of each of the extinction sessions
-that follow the first session
Recovery from Punishment
-Stopping the punishment or penalty contingency
-for a previously punished response
-causes the response frequency to increase
-to its frequency before the punishment or penalty contingency
Extinction vs Punishment
You should use extinction rather than punishment when you can figure out how to do it and when the behavior is not so harmful that the extinction procedure might be dangerously slow
Forgetting procedure
-Preventing the opportunity (or occasion) for a response
Extinction Procedure
-Withholding the reinforcer
Moral necessity to evaluate interventions
-moral obligation to collect data and carefully evaluate effectiveness of interventions

-also have a moral obligation to publish our results
Reversal Design
-An experimental design
-in which we reverse
-between intervention and baseline conditions
-to assess the effects of those conditions
To confound variables
-To change or allow to change two or ore independent variables at the same time
-so you cannot determine what variables are responsible for the change in the dependent variable
Control Condition
A condition not containing the presumed crucial value of the independent variable

-shows whether the value of the independent variable really was crucial to the results obtained