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23 Cards in this Set

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Obesity
Body weight that more than 20% higher than the average weight for a person of given age and height.
Lateralization
The process in which certian congnitive functions are located more in one hemisphere of the brain than in the other.
Handedness
The preference of using one hand over another.
Preoperantional Stage
According to Piaget, the stage from approx. age 2 to age 7 in which children's use of symbolic thinking grows, mental reasoning emerges, and the use of concepts increase.
Operations
Organized, formal, logical, mental process.
Centration
The process of concentrating on one limited aspect of stimulus and ignoring other aspects.
Conservation
The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects.
Transformation
The process in which one state is changed into another.
Egoncentric
Thinking that does not take into account the viewpoints of others.
intuitive thought
Thinking that reflects preschools' use of primitive reasoning and their avid acquisition of knowledge.
Autobiographical memory
Memory of particular events from one's own life.
Scripts
Broad representations in memory of events and the order in which they occur.
Vygotsky
Proposed that focus of cognitive development should be on a child's social and cultural world. Versus Piaget, concentrating on individual performance.
Zone of Proximal Development ZPD, Vygotsky
The level at which a child can almost, but not fully, perform a task independently, but can do so with the assistance of someone more competent.
Scaffolding
The support for learning and problem solving that encourages independences and growth.
Synatx
The way in which an individual combines words and phrases to form sentences.
Fast Mapping
Instances in which new words are associated with their meaning after only a brief encounter.
Grammar
The system of rules that determines how our thoughts can be expressed.
Private Speech
Speech by children that is spoken and directed to themselves.
Pragmatic
The aspect of language that relates to communicating effectively and appropriately with others.
Social Speech
Speech directed towards another person and meant to be understood by that person.
Child Care Centers
Places outside the home that provide care for children.
Developmentally Appropriate Educational Pratice
Education that is based on both typical development and the unique characteristics of a given child.