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15 Cards in this Set

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Psychology
The science of behavior and cognitive processes.
Evolutionary Psychology
A new branch of psychology, suggesting that as a result of evolution, Human beings possess a number of evolved psychological mechanisms that help (or once helped) us deal with important problems relating to survival.
Multicultural Perspective
A perspective that clearly recognizes the potential importance of gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, religious orientation, and many other social and cultural dimensions.
Confirmation Bias
The tendency to notice and remember primarily information that lends support to our views.
Availability Heuristic
A mental shortcut suggestion that the easier it is to bring something to mind the more frequent or important it is.
Critical Thinking
Thinking that avoids blindly accepting conclusions or arguments and, instead, closely examines all assumptions, evidence, and conclusions.
Systematic Observation
A basic method of science in which the natural world, or various events or processes in it, are observed and measured in a very careful manner.
Case Method
A method or research in which detailed information about individuals is used to develop general principles about behavior.
Survey Method
A research method in which large numbers of people answer questions about aspects of their views or their behavior.
Sampling
With respect to the survey method, sampling refers to the methods used to select persons who respond to the survey.
Correlational Method (of research)
A research method in which researchers attempt to determine whether and to what extent different variables are related to each other.
Experimentation (the experimental method of research)
A research method in which researchers systematically alter one of more variables in order to determine whether such changes influence some aspect of behavior.
Independent Variable
The variable that is systematically changed in the experiment.
Dependant Variable
THe variable that is measured in the experiment
Random Assignment of Participants to Experimental Conditions
Assuring that all research participants have an equal chance of being exposed to each level of the independent variable(i.e., of being assigned to each experimental condition).