Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is classical conditioning?
making a reflex response change
Unconditioned Stimulus
naturally occuring stimulus
Unconditioned response
involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus
Neutral stimulus
no effect on desired response
Conditioned stimulus
stimulus that produces a learned reflex
Conditioned response
learned reflex
Stimulus generalization
respond to a similar stimulus
Stimulus discrimination
respond to only one stimulus not to similar ones
Extinction
the orginal conditioned response is gone
Reinforcer
increases liklihood of a reaccuring response
Spontaneous recovery
reappearance of a learned response after extinction
Higher-order conditioning
strong conditioned stimulus is paired w/ a neutral stimulu
Conditioned emotional response
learned: fear of dogs
Operant conditioning
learning voluntary behavior through pleasant and unpleasant effects
Cognitive perspective
consciously expecting something to occur
Law of Effect
If response is followed by a pleasurable consequence, it will tend to be repeated.
Reinforcement
inforces good behavior
Primary reinforcer
reinforcer that fits a biological need
Secondary reinforcer
becomes reiforcing after paired with primary reinforcer
Positive reinforcer
adding
Negative reinforcer
subtracting
Shaping
reinforcement of steps leading to more complex behavior
Punishment
decresing bad behavior
Punishment by application
addition of an unpleasant stimulus
4 elements of obervational learning
attention, memory, imitation and motivation
sensory memory
info enters the nervous system through the sensory systems
Iconic sensory memory
visual, lasts only a second
Echoic sensory memory
hearing, brief
Deviation
error
Analytical
book smart