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285 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abrogate
n
to abolish, repeal, or nullify
abstruse
adj
difficult to understand
abysmal
adj
extremely hopeless or wretched; bottomless
accolade
n
an award or honor
acerbic
adj
bitter, sour, severe
acumen
n
keenness of judgment; mental sharpness
affable
adj
easy to talk to; friendly
afford
n
to permit or allow; to enable
aggregate
n, adj
collection of things mixed together, the sum total
allocate
v
to distribute, assign, or allot
aloof
adj
standoffish, uninvolved, keeping one's distance
ameliorate
v
to make better or more tolerable
anachronistic
adj
out of place in time or history
anathema
n
something or someone loathed or detested
ancillary
adj
subordinate; providing assistance
annul
v
to make void; usually refers to marriage
anomaly
n
an aberration, deviation, or irregularity
anthropology
n
the study of human cultures
antithetical
adj
in opposition, contrary to
apostate
n
one who deserts his or her professed principles or faith
apotheosis
n
elevation to divine status; the perfect example of something
appropriate
v
to take without permission; to set aside for a particular use
archetype
n
an original model or pattern
ardent
adj
passionate
arsenal
n
a storehouse of weapons
ascertain
v
to determine with certainty; to find out definitely
ascetic
adj
hermitlike; practicing self-denial
assiduous
adj
hardworking, diligent, busy
assuage
v
to soothe, pacify, or relieve
attrition
n
gradual wearing away; a natural or expected decrease in size or number
augury
n
an omen, especially a good omen
auspices
n
protection, support; sponsorship
avarice
n
greed
avuncular
adj
kind, helpful, generous; like a nice uncle
barometer
n
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
beguile
v
to delude by guile or craft; to mislead, divert
behest
n
a command or order
beleaguer
v
to surround, besiege, or harass
belie
v
to give a false impression; to contradict
bellicose
adj
warlike, belligerent
bequest
n
something left to someone in a will
blithe
adj
carefree, cheerful
broach
v
to open up a subject, often a delicate one, for discussion
brusque
adj
rough and short in manner, blunt, abrupt
burgeon
v
to expand; to flourish
buttress
n, v
a support for a bulding or structure; to support
cabal
n
a group of conspirators; the acts of such a group; a clique
cajole
v
to persuade with flattery or gentle urging
calipers
n
a pinching instrument used for determining the thickness of objects or the distance between surfaces
candor
n
sincerty, honesty
canon
n
a rule or law, especially a religious one; a body of rules or laws; an authoritative list; the set of works by an author that are accepted as authentic
cantankerous
adj
ill-natured, contentious
canvass
v
to campaign; to seek or solicit orders, votes, etc
capacitor
n
a device that stores energy
capitulate
v
to surrender, give up, or give in
capricious
adj
unpredictable, likely to change at any moment
captious
adj
ill-natured, quarrelsome
carp
v
to complain or find fault with someone
cartography
n
the study and creation of maps
castigate
v
to criticize severely; to chastise
catalyst
n
anyone or anything that makes something happen without being drectly involved
catharsis
n
purification that brings emotional relief or renewal
cavil
v
to quibble; to raise trivial objections
censure
v
to condemn severely for doing something bad
chagrin
n
humiliation; embarrassed disappointment
chicanery
n
trickery, deceitfulness, artifice(especially legal or political)
chimerical
adj
imaginary, given to fantasy
choleric
adj
hot-tempered, quick to anger
circumvent
v
to go around
closefisted
adj
stingy
coalesce
v
to come together as one, to fuse, to unite
cogitate
v
to ponder; to mediate; to think carefully about
colloquial
adj
ordinary, informal in relationship to speech
conscript
v
enlisted, drafted, or enrolled; usually refers to mandatory military service
corroborate
v
to confirm; to back up with evidence
coterie
n
a group of close associates; a circle of friends
coy
adj
shy, reluctant to make a commitment
cracen
adj
cowardly, afraid
curmudgeon
n
an irascible, crotchety old person
dearth
n
a shortage or scarcity of something
debacle
n
a big disaster
deft
adj
very skillful
dehydrate
v
to remove water
deleterious
adj
harmful
demagogue
n
a leader of the people, but more a rabble-rouser
demography
n
the statistical study of the characteristics of populations
desalinate
v
to remove salt from something
desiccate
v
to dry out
diplomatic
adj
tactful; good at negotiating
discomfit
v
to frustrate, to confuse
dither
v
to vacillate between choices; to tremble with excitement
diurnal
adj
ocurring every day; ovurring during the daytime
divisive
adj
creating conflict and disagreement
draconian
adj
severe, harsh, cruel
ebullient
adj
bubbling with excitement, exuberant
eclectic
adj
drawn from many sources
effigy
n
a likeness of a perso, usually one used to express hatred for that person
egregious
adj
extremely bad, flagrant
elliptical
adj
oval; missing a word or words; obscure
endemic
adj
native, restricted to a particular region or area, indigenous
ephemeral
adj
lasting a very short time
equine
adj
relating to horses, horselike
equivocal
adj
embiguous, intentionally confusing, capable of beng interpreted many ways
ersatz
adj
serving as a substitute, synthetic, artificial
ethereal
adj
heavenly, light, insubstantial
etymology
n
the study of words and their meanings
euphonious
adj
pleasant-sounding, opposite of cacophonous; melodious
evanescent
adj
fleeting, vanishing, happening only for the briefest period
evince
v
to demonstrate convinvingly; to prove
execrate
v
to curse, denounce
exhume
v
to unbury; to dig out of the ground
exonerate
v
to free conpletely from blame
expeditious
adj, v
prompt, speedy; to expedite
expiate
v
to make amends, to atone
expunge
v
to erse, obliterate, to blot out
facile
adj
fluent, skillful in a superficial way
fecund
adj
fertile, productive
fervent
adj
having intense feeling, enthusiastic; fervid
feign
v
to pretend; to make a false representation of something
flaccid
adj
soft and limp
florid
adj
very fancy; ususally refers to intangible things
flout
v
to disregard something or someone out of disrespect
ford
n,v
the shallow part of a river; to cross a river at the shallow part
forensics
n
the art or study of argumentation and formal debate
fortuitous
adj
accidental, occurrng by chance
fracas
n
a big fight
furrow
n, v
a narrow groove made in the ground; to make wrinkles in the face
gaffe
n
a social blunder, an embarrassing mistake, a faux pas
galvanize
v
to starte into sudden activity; to revitalize
gastronomy
n
the art of eating well
germane
adj
relevant, applicable, pertinent
glower
v
to look or stare with sullen dislike or anger
goldbrick
v,n
to swindle, to sell something worthless as if it were valuable; a swindle
grandiloquent
adj
using a lot of big, fancy words to sound impressive
gratuitous
adj
given freely; uncalled for; unjustified; unprovoked
glut
n
surplus, overabundance
hackneyed
adj
overused, trite, stale
halcyon
adj
peaceful, serene; carefree
garbinger
n
a forerunner, a signal of
hedonism
n
the pursuit of pleasure as a way of life
hegemony
n
leadership, especiall of one nation over another
hermetic
adj
airtight, impervious to external influence
homily
n
a sermon
hubris
n
excessive pride
humanist
n
one who has great concern for human welfare, values, and dignity; a student of the classics
hybrid
n
formed, bred, or composed from different elements
hypodermic
adj
beneath the skin
idiosyncratic
adj
quirky, peculiar, eccentric
ignominy
n
shame, disrepute, disgrace
importune
v
to beg, urge, or insist persistently
inane
adj
silly, senseless
incantation
n
a chant
incarnate
adj
in the flash
incensed
adj
very angry
inchoate
adj
incomplete; only partially formed
indignant
adj
angry or insulted, especially as a result of something unjust or unworthy
indolent
adj
averse to activity; habitually lazy
ineffable
adj
incapable of being expressed or described
inexorable
adj
relentless, inevitable, unavoidable
inoculate
v
to protect against disease
insouciant
adj
nonchalant, lighthearted, carefree
irascible
adj
easily angered or provoked; irritable
jaunt
n
a short pleasure trip
jejune
adj
lacking maturity or significance; irrelevant
jettison
v
to throw or cast off
jingoist
n
an excessively vigilant patriot; a bellicose chauvinist; a war-mongering nationalist
jurisprudence
n
the study of law
karma
n
consequences of one's actions; fate, destiny
kudos
n
honor, glory, acclaim, compliment
lambaste
v
to assault violently with words
lament
v
to mourn
laudatory
adj
praising
lax
adj
not strict; careless or negligent
lexicon
n
a glossary or dictionary
limpid
adj
transparent, clear, lucid
liniment
n
a medicinal liquid or salve for rubbing on the skin
liquidate
v
to get rid of; to settle a debt
lugubrious
adj
exaggeratedly mournful
luminary
n
a person who has attained eminence in his or her field
maudlin
adj
silly and overly sentimental
maverick
n
a nonconformist; a rebel
mellifluous
adj
flowing sweetly; usually refers to sounds or voices
mendacious
adj
lying, dishonest
meritorious
adj
deserving praise or reward
mirth
n
amusement or laughter
misanthrope
n
one who hates people
mollify
v
to soften, soothe, pacify
moribund
adj
dying
narcissism
n
excessive love of one's body or oneself
nebulous
adj
vague, hazy, indistinct
neologism
n
a new word or phrase; a new usage of a word
neophyte
n
a novice or beginner
noisome
adj
affensive or disgusting; stinking, noxious
noxious
adj
harmful, offensive
nuance
n
a subtle difference or distinction
numerology
n
the study or numbers for the purposes of predicting the future
obdurate
adj
stubborn, insensitive, unyielding, resistant to persuasion
obeisance
n
deep reverence; a bow or curtsy
obfuscate
v
to darken or confuse
obsequious
adj
fawning, subservient, servile, excessively deferential
odometer
n
instrument that measures how many miles one has traveled
olfactory
adj
pertaining to the sense of smell
oligarchy
n
government by only a very few people
ornate
adj
very fancy; usually refers to tangible things
palliative
adj.,n
something that provides temporary relief without getting rid of the problem
paltry
adj
insignificant; worthless
panacea
n
something that cures everything
panache
n
flair, verve; dashing elegance
paragon
n
a model of excellence
peccadillo
n
a minor offense or error
pedantic
adj
boringly scholarly or academic; overconcerned with details
penurious
adj
extremely stingy, poor, or miserly
perfidy
n
treachery
perfunctory
adj
unenthusiastic, careless
pernicious
adj
deadly, extremely evil
perquisite
n
a privilege that goes along with a job
philistine
n
a smugly ignorant person with no appreciation for intellectuall or artistic matters
piquant
adj
pleasantly sharp in flavor; interestingly provocative or stimulating
pique
v
to excite; to arouse an emotion or provoke to action
plebeian
adj
common, vulgar, low-class
poignant
adj
painfully emotional, extremely moving; sharp or astute
polemic
n
a powerful argument often made to attack or refute a controversial issue
portent
n
an omen, a sign of something coming
potentate
n
a person who possesses great power
predilection
n
a natural preference for something
preempt
v
to seize something by prior right
prescient
adj
having knowledge of things before they exist or happen
priggish
adj
very fussy, self-righteous, high-maintenance; usually refers to people
profligate
adj
extravagantly wasteful; wildely immoral
prolific
adj
abundantly productie, fruitful, or fertile
promulgate
v
to publicly or formally declare something
prosaic
adj
dull, unimaginative
pugnacious
adj
quarrelsome, combative, always ready to fight
pulchritude
n
physical beauty
queue
n.,v
a line; to line up
quiescent
adj
motionless; at rest; still
quintessential
adj
most perfect
quixotic
adj
idealistic to a foolish or impractical degree
quotidian
adj
daily, everyday; ordinary
raze
v
to completely destroy or level something
rebuke
v
to criticize sharply
recapitulate
v
to review or summarize
recidivism
n
the act of repeating an offense
redolent
adj
fragrant
renege
v
to go back on a bet or promise
retrenchment
n
cutting down or off, reduction
rhetoric
n
the study or art of using language well; the use of undue exaggeration
sacrosanct
adj
sacred, held to be inviolable
sanguine
adj
cheerful, optimistic, hopeful
sardonic
adj
mocking, scornful
saturnine
adj
gloomy or taciturn
scrupulous
adj
strict, careful; hesitant for ethical reasons
semantic
n
pertaining to the meaning of words or symbols
semaphore
n
a system of signaling, usually through the use of flags
serendipity
n
accidental good fortune, the discovery of good things without looking for them
skinflint
n
a mean, penny-pinching person
smidgen
n
a very small amount
somber
adj
depressing, dismal, gloomy
specious
adj
deceptively plausible or attractive; misleading
stand
n
a group of trees
sublime
adj
of great intellectual, moral, or spiritual value
subsidy
n
a gift of money
subterfuge
n
deceptive strategy used to conceal, escape, or evade
supercilious
adj
haughty, patronizing
supplicate
v
to ask or beg humbly
tenable
adj
valid, capable of being argued successfully
threadbare
adj
falling apart, meager, poor, old
truculent
adj
fierce, cruel, savagely brutal
turbid
adj
unclear or opaque; lacking clarity or purity
uncanny
adj
extraordinary, mysterious, uncomfortably strange
unilateral
adj
involving one side only; done on behalf of one side only
usury
n
the practice of lending money at a high rate of interest
vacuous
adj
empty of content; lacking in ideas or intelligence
vapid
adj
dull, spiritless
verdant
adj
covered with green plants; leafy; inexperienced
vernacular
n
everyday speech, slang, idiom
vestige
n
everyday speech, slang, idiom
vestige
n
a remaining bit of something, a last trace
vilify
v
a remaining bit of something, a last trace
vilify
v
to say vile things about; to defame
wane
v
to decrease in strength or intensity; to fade away; to decline in power
wanton
adj
malicious, unjustifiable, unprovoked, egregious
wizened
adj
shriveled, withered, shrunken
zeitgeist
n
the mood or spirit of the times
zenith
n
the highest point; peak; pinnacle