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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
It refers to the growing (scope, depth, speed) interconnectedness of government, non-state organizations and populations throughout the world through a variety of political, economic, technological, cultural, environmental, and other interactions.
Situated Knowledge
Rudolph; SK recognizes time, place and circumstance and assumes that individuals and their capacities are marked by them
Rudolph; Inductive proceeds from specificities and works upward to comparative generalizations
Deductive Methods
downward from a priori assumptions
Four Variables to Quantify Globalization
lecture: political engagement, technology, personal contact, economic integration
the majority of peoples are employed in and the bulk of profits are made in the service sector.
Nongovermental organizations
national and international groups, independent of any state, that pursue policy objectives and foster public participations
Advanced Democracies
are countries that have institutionalized democracy and have high levels of economic growth. They share a common belief in participation, competition and liberty.
Multinational corporations
play a central role in the globalization analyses. They are a non-state entity whose assets and profits can be larger than the Gross Domestic Products of many countries and who are able to influence the politics and economic developments
implication of Globalization, for O’Neil
1. The distinctions between international relations and comparative politics are breaking down with domestic politics being shaped by global forces (be able to give an example); 2. globalizations can amplify domestic politics such that domestic issues and events get “internationalized (give examples).
O’Neil examines how globalization affects institutions - categories?
state, societies, and economies
O’brien’s Definition of Rightful Resistance
It is a form of popular contention that operates near the boundary of an authorized channel, employs the rhetoric and commitments of the powerful to curb political and economic power, hinges on locating and exploiting divisions among the powerful
An overthrow of one system of government with a replacement by a different systems (
Rightful Resister
"Individuals or groups who dispute the legitimacy of certain political authorities and their actions while affirming (indeed relying upon) other authorities an established values to pursue their ends.”
DeFronzo’s Five Factors of Revolutionary Movements
mass frustration resulting in popular uprising among urban and rural populations; dissident elite political movements; unifying motivations; severe political crisis; permissive or tolerant world context
Social Compact
the bargain: when the people refrain from challenging the regime politically as long as the economic and social amenities flow; hence a stagnating economy can make it so a regime cannot fulfill its end of the bargain, and the result can be revolt.
Antigovernment behavior that falls short of actually toppling a regime and comes in many forms—distribution of pamphlets, peaceful nonviolent activities, even terrorist acts. Individuals take on extraordinary risk that can include house arrests, surveillance, torture, etc.
Social movements
when a segment of a population begins to engage in significant and collective action because the belief is that the STATE, its established political parties, or interest groups have not adequately addressed their concerns.
Tarrow (social movements????)
finds that collective challenges based on common purposes and social solidarities in sustained interactions with elites, opponents, and authorities. Qualities 1. highly contentious techniques, time consuming and potential risky.
distinguished social movements from interest groups is generally
1. techniques (more democratic strategy or direct actions use nontraditional tactics; directly mobilize the grass roots for political action) and focus (focus toward mobilization of people).
Interest Group
organization that speaks up for its members’ interests and demands that a particular group of people the aim of influencing that state to do something on its behalf.
Associational interest groups
are groups that speak up for specific segments of the population who seem to share common goals and problems. An example could include ethnic elements.
Interest group pluralism
a concept in democracy that political power is not monopolized by a particular social class or group or a combination of groups. Power is dispersed through a plurality of groups and interest.
Food Sovereignty
The right of a nation to manage the domestic food production not only to meet the subsistence needs of its population, but also allow the rural population a void in making decisions about how food is produce
For Sinek, there are three types of strategic choices for success in a social movement.
Sinek when dealing with membership,
The movement will need to consider is the membership is going to be IDENTITY ___________-based or GOAL-based.
A number of decisions will need to be made in terms of realizing a success in a social movement, the strategies adopted will consider where of not to use _________
[coalitional strategies—to embark on alliances or partnerships versus autonomy] and legal or extralegal means.
Jus Sanguinis
citizenship by inheritance, meaning that by birth one inherits the nationality of one’s parents. Example, France, Japan.
Jus Soli
citizenship by state territory, meaning that one becomes a citizen in the country of birth. Example, US.
complex human organizations, a collection of people bound by shared institutions that define how human relations should be conducted.
Ethnic Identity
is specific attributes and societal institutions that make one group of people culturally different from others, often based on customs, language, religion, and other factors—unique combination of attributes, ascriptive (generally assigned at birth, fixed), a social construction and not inherently political.
National Identity
is based on the concept of nation (a group of people bound together by a common set of political aspirations, especially self government and sovereignty), often derived from ethnic identity, inherently political, a constructed entity, and is the basis of nationalism.
a state encompassing one dominant nation that it claims to embody and represent.
Citizenship (O’Neil)
an individuals relationship to a state and which the individual swears allegiance to the state, and the state in turn provides certain rights and benefits. It is purely political and can be easily modifies (in comparison to ethnic identity or national identity (redefinable). It potentially more inclusive but its boundaries are clear—you are either a citizen or you are not.
Political Attitudes (O’Neil)
concerned with the speed and method of political change, can be classified as radical, liberal, conservative, or reactionary, distinct from ideology, and particularistic (tied to the specific context).
Nationalism (for Barrington)
all forms of nationalism share two features: The define territorial boundaries that the nation has the right to control; they define membership boundaries of the population that make up the nation.
national identity proclaims, but
nationalism adds
We are a people, be long together in this territory

“We must therefore act together to fulfill our common political aims.