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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is protein?
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. They're constructed from chains of amino acids.
What are amino acids?
The building blocks of protein (20) Essential / Nonessential.
Complete / Incomplete Protein?
Complete protein contains all 9 essential amino acids. Incomplete protein lacks in at least one.
Limiting Amino Acid?
essential amino acid present in an insufficient amount
Functions of Protein?
-support body tissues
-build enzymes, hormones, antibodies
-used for energy
-transports molecules
What happens to excess protein?
The liver increases the production of degradative enzyme activity.
Canadian recommended intake?
60g for a 70kg adult. The average intake is 100g/day
Protein Energy Malnutrition?
Marasmus - disease of starvation
Kwashiorkor - when mother stops breastfeeding can't get protein. Swollen.
Protein Excess?
no benefits. maybe kidney problems, heart disease, cancer, low fibre intake.
Celiac disease?
allergy to gluten. Must avoid gluten foods.
Health implications of vegetarianism?
-reverse coronary artery disease
-lower lung / colorectal cancer
-less to likely to die from diabetes type II
-lower constipation
-lower obesity rates
-treatment of kidney disease
What nutrients may be lacking in vegetarians?
-iron (not easily absorbed)
-vitamin B-12
-Vitamin D