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57 Cards in this Set

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Ashurbanipal
succeeded his father Esarhadon in 669 BC. he achieved the greatest territorial expansion of the Assyrian empire which included Babylonia, Persia, Syria, and Egypt, although Egypt was soon lost as a result of a revolt
Esarhaddon
king of Assur; reconquered Egypt
Manasseh
the only son and successor of Hezekiah on the throne of Judah
Josiah
king of Judah who instituted major reforms; his highest priest found the original pentateuch written by moses.
Day of Yahweh
the final and supreme day of Yahweh's enthronement
Zephaniah
Minor prophet with unusual genealogy, major theme was Day of Yahweh
Nahum
book is a message of destruction for Nineveh
Acrostic
a poem or other form of writing in alphabetic script in which the first letter syllable or word of each line paragraph or other recurring feature in the text spells out another message
Habakkuk
asked God why he is silent when there is injust actions; Theodicy
Carchemish
place where battle between the allied armies of Egypt and Assyria against Babylonia
Shemaiah
preventing Rehoboam from war with Jeroboam
Hilkiah
a high priest during the reign of King Josiah who discovered the book of the law while the temple was being renovated, father of Jeremiah
Shaphan
a scribe of king Josiah analyzed a copy of the law given by Hilkiah grandson is Gedaliah
Anathoth
birthplace of Jeremiah; one of the cities of refuge after destruction if Jerusalem
Hananiah
a false prophet contemporary with Jeremiah
Zedekiah
Jeremiah was counselor but disobeyed the Lord by rebelling against Babylon and entered into an alliance with Hophra king of Egypt, which brought Nebuchadrezzar against Jerusalem
Abiathar
appointed high priest when David became king of Judah, banished to home in Anathoth by solomon because tried to raise Adonijah to the throne
Baruch
wrote under the dictation of Jeremiah the oracle foretelling the return of the babylonians and read them at the risk of his life in the hearing of the Jewish people. He wrote also the second and enlarged edition of the prophecies of Jeremiah after the first had been burned by Jehoiakim
Vorlage
the text before a translator
Jehoiakim
king of judah burned the manuscript of one of the prophecies of Jeremiah, allegiance to Egypt caused the fall of Jerusalem
Jehoiachin
was taken captive by the Babylonians and lived in exile in Babylonia later freed
Nebuchadrezzar
king of Chaledea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia
Edict of Cyrus
allows Judeans to return to Jerusalem under the leadership of Zerubabel
Ishmael
Eldest son of Abraham used to symbolize the older now rejected Judiac tradition
Gedaliah
was governor after jeremiah assassinated in the movement
Obadiah
means "servant of Jehovah" wrote shortest book in the Old Testament. The main theme is the ultimate victory of the people of God if they maintain their faith. Edom is usedas an example of failure to manifest love toward one's neighboor in times of need, and the eventful victory of Israel is declared in a vision of the future
Diaspora
when a certain group who lives in the certain area is spread all over the place
Syncretism
fusion of differing systems of belief
Zerubbabel
Grandson of Jehoiachin; after edict given, supposed to restore monarch in Judah but it never happens
Kabod
honor and respect
P
Priestly Source
Merkaba
the divine chariot throne
Gog
a Reubenite, the father of Shimei
Magog
second of the seven sons of Japheth
Zadok
hebrew meaning "righteous"- he was an Israelite high priest in the tenth century BC
Sons of Zadok
Onias III, Jason
Apostrophe
arm of Yahweh
Theogony
the study of origins and genealogy of the gods
Enuma Elish
the babylonian creation myth
Akitu Festival
Priest strikes on cheek, plucks beard
Parousia
the second coming of Christ
Servant Songs
a prophecy of the Incarnate Christ
Second Isaiah/Dtr Isaiah
40-55 of the biblical book of Isaiah
Satrapy
name given to the governors of the provinces of ancient median and Persian empires
Yehud
a city in the center district of Israel
Achaemenid
the first Persian empires that ruled over significant portions of greater Iran, and followed the Iranian median empire
Ezra
a Jewish priest an scribe sent by the Persian king to restore Jewish law and Worship in Jerusalem
Nehemiah
jewish leader who supervised the rebuilding of Jerusalem in the mid 5th century bc after his relase from captivity by the persian king Artaxerxes I . He also instituted extensive moral and liturgical reforms in rededicating Jews to Yahweh
Urim/Thummim
phrase from the hebrew bible associated with the Hosen (high priest breast plate) divination in general, and cleromancy in particular. Most scholars suspect that the phrase refers to specific objects involved in the divination
Chronicler
writer of I and II Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah
Sheshbazzar
the same person as Zerubbabel, governor of judah
Zerubbabel
a govenor of judah and the grandson of Jehoiachin penultimate king of Judah. Zerubbabel led the first band of Jews
Josephus
a first century jewish historian and apologist of priestly and royal ancestry who survived and recorded the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. His works give an important insight into first century Judiasm
Trito- Isaiah
the third book of Isaiah
Apocalypse
term meaning the end; God destroys the ruling power of evil
Day of Yahweh
a day of final judgement
Jonah ben-Amittai
8th century prophet. His prophecy shows him to be a prophet of salvation for Israel and by implication one of the judgement for the nations. The tale of this prophet has a ring of the "once upon a time" about it