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70 Cards in this Set

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Words that refer to a noun which was mentioned before (the antecedent) are known as?
Pronouns.
Personal pronouns in first person singular and plural are?
I and WE.
Personal pronouns in second person singular and plural are?
YOU and YOU.
Personal pronouns in the third person singular and plural are?
HE/SHE/IT and THEY.
When referring to himself or herself, the speaker uses I, which is?
The first person singular
Pronouns are noun substitutes and are used as anaphors, i.e.,?
Words used to avoid repetition.
Pronouns such as I, You, He/she/it, We, You and They are known as?
Personal (Subjective) Pronouns
When the speaker is referring to a group of people including him or herself, WE is used, which is?
The first person plural.
The personal (subjective) pronoun “I” is what form?
First person singular
The second person singular of a personal (subjective) pronoun is?
You.
When referring to the addressee(s), YOU is used, which is?
The second person singular or plural.
The third person singular of a personal (subjective) pronoun is?
He/she/it
“We” is what form of the personal (subjective) pronoun?
First person plural.
The archaic form of YOU, in the singular, is?
THOU. (The second-person singular pronoun.)
None
The plural “You” is what form of the personal (subjective) pronoun?
Second person plural.
The third person plural of the personal (subjective) pronoun is?
They.
Any person place or thing other than the speaker and the addressed is referred to in?
The third person either singular or plural.
Can personal (subjective) pronouns function as the subject of a sentence?
Yes.
Can a noun and a personal (subjective) pronoun be used together?
No (Joan she is a nurse.)
Can personal (subjective) pronouns refer to something or somebody that is involved in the conversation or is present?
Yes.
The personal (subjective) pronoun “it” refers to?
Things, animals or impersonal expressions. (It is raining. It is hard to understand. What time is it?)
Pronouns such as me, you, him, her, it, us, you, and them are known as?
Objective pronouns.
Objective pronouns function as the recipient of?
An action.
Are objective pronouns used as the direct or indirect object of a verb?
Yes.
A direct object of the verb names the person or things the subject?
Acts upon. (Look at him!)
A direct object answers the question?
“What?” or “whom?” about the verb.
An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that can answer the question?
“For whom?”, “to whom?” or “for what?” about the verb. (The woman gave them some food. Can you tell me the way to the station?)
Objective pronouns can be the object of a preposition?
Yes. (Have you talked to them? I am going with him.)
Objective pronouns can be used after the verb “to be” in what type of cases?
It wasn’t me. Who is it? It’s me.
Pronouns such mine, yours, his hers, its, ours, yours and theirs are known as?
Possessive pronouns.
Pronouns that point out people, places or things and indicate proximity relationship are known as?
Demonstrative pronouns.
None
Can demonstrative pronouns behave as determiners?
Yes.
What demonstrative pronouns can convey a sense of distance and time?
This, that, these or those.
Should demonstrative pronouns agree in number with the nouns they modify?
Yes. (This & that are singular and these &those are plural)
When demonstrative pronouns function as subjects how do they relate with the verb?
They agree with the verb.
What different functions can demonstratives have?
Pronouns, determiners, subjects
As demonstrative pronouns they identify?
Nouns. [This is great! (the place) I will tell her that! (the news)]
As determiners, demonstratives can?
Modify a noun, functioning as adjectives. (This man…, these candies…, that girl…, those students…)
As subjects, demonstratives?
Always agree with the verb. (That is what I told you. Those look big.)
In sentences can demonstratives be found as subjects, direct objects or objects of a preposition?
Yes. (That is what I told you. Give me that. Listen to this.)
Pronouns such as myself, yourself, himself/herself/itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves are known as?
Reflexive pronouns.
Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding -self (singular) or -selves (plural) to?
Possessive adjectives, such as my, your, our or objective pronouns, such as him, her, it, them.
Reflexive pronouns can be used to give emphasis to the subject?
Yes. (I myself saw the accident. The city itself was so dirty that we left soon.)
Reflexive pronouns can be used as the direct or indirect object?
Of the verb. [He taught himself. (direct) Buy yourself a new coat. (indirect))
To show that someone does something without any help can reflexive pronouns be used?
Yes. (She made the cake herself. I’ll print the copy myself.)
When used with “by” reflexive pronouns express?
That someone is alone. (She’s by herself. He sat down to have his lunch by himself.)
What transitive verbs can be used with reflexive pronouns?
Cut, introduce, blame, kill, teach, hurt, prepare, look after, talk to, burn, kick, lock and help.
Are transitive verbs followed by an indirect or direct object?
Yes. (He cut himself when peeling the potatoes. I introduced myself to Mr. Brown.)
Pronouns such somebody, anybody, nobody, everybody, someone, anyone, no one, everyone, something, anything, nothing, and every thing, are known as?
Indefinite pronouns.
Indefinite pronouns are used to talk about people or things without saying?
Who or what they are. Everyone in the office stayed in. Somebody is knocking at the door.
When functioning as subjects, indefinite pronouns are followed by a verb in?
Singular. (Everyone is tired. Is anyone at home? Does anyone like the idea?)
What indefinite pronouns are normally used in affirmative sentences?
Somebody/something/someone. (He's got something in mind. Somebody is at the door.)
What indefinite pronouns ca be used in interrogative sentences when we expect a positive answer, especially when we make an offer?
Somebody/something/someone. (Would you like something to eat? Shall we meet somewhere here?)
What indefinite pronouns ca be used in interrogative sentences and negative ones?
Anything, anybody, anyone, anywhere. (There isn't anybody at home. I do not want to go anywhere.)
When using anything, anybody, anyone, or anywhere in negative sentences, in what form must the verb be in?
Negative verb form. (There isn’t anybody. NOT – There isn’t nobody.)
What negative words can be used with anything, anybody, anyone, or anywhere?
Never, seldom, rarely, without…." (I have never eaten anything like this.)
When used in affirmative sentences, anything, anybody, anyone, or anywhere, is the meaning the same?
No. [Anyone can do this exercise (it doesn't matter who). Lets meet anywhere (it doesn't matter where)]
When the is in the affirmative form and you want to use them in negative sentences instead of NOT ANY, what indefinite pronouns can you use?
Nothing, nobody, no one, nowhere. (I can see nothing. But: I can't see anything.)
Other indefinite pronouns are?
Each, either, one, both, most, other, any, every, neither, ones, many, none, some, no, few, several, all, much, another
Most of these indefinite pronouns take the singular form of the verb?
Yes.
Each, either, one, both, most, other, any, every, neither, ones, many, none, some, no, few, several, all, much, another can modify the noun as?
As determiners. (Neither of the students was late. Each student will be examined in turns. Most people like soccer. I don't have much money.)
What type of pronouns are what, which, who, where, when, why, whom, whose and how?
Interrogative pronouns.
Interrogative pronouns are always found in questions, but can some of them act as relative pronouns?
Yes.
When the subject is mentioned, wh- questions need to be followed by?
An auxiliary/modal subject. [Who did you call? But who called you? (Who in this case is referring to the subject, therefore no auxiliary is used.)
Each other and one another are examples of?
Reciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronouns show that?
Two people are acting on each other. (Mary and Peter love each other. We looked at one another in awe.)
Two clauses can be joined by what type of pronoun?
Relative pronouns.
Relative pronouns always refer to?
Another part of the sentence.
Relative pronouns, which and that can be omitted when?
They are the object of the relative clause. (That was the subject I was taking about.)
“Who or that” cannot be omitted when?
They function as the subject of the relative clause.