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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-Plato:"Every man should know how to dance"
-Deplored "dirty dancing" of his day
-Wilder forms could induce trance & posession
-In 'Ideal Republic'-banish professional actor-dancers
-Benefits of professionalism outweighed drawbacks
-Feared corrupting influence of dance
-Though professionals should be slaves & foreigners
Ambivalences of Plato & Aristotle
-Both agreed on the "Power of Dance"
-Disagreed on how power could be wielded safely
-Their ambivalence has colored Western attitudes towards dance
Perfomances by Courtiers
-Early dancing was untrained
-Many dances were easy, professional dances
-Dances became a bit more complicated
-Amount of time courtiers spent on dance
-Courtiers needed other skills too
Dancing became demanding
-Stage dances were complex variants of ball-room dances
-Branle, Courante, Sarabande, Bourée & Minuet were popular
-Minuet possessed a measure of theatricality
-In Minuet each couple danced alone before their peers
-Overtime movements on stage became more demanding
-Technique was then expected of the dancer
-Increasing time was spent developing technique
Specific Technique
-One technique developed was 'entrechats'
-Entrechat=interwining jump
-Entrechat Quatre=2 beats of both legs
-Entrechat Six=3 beats of both legs
-Entrechat Eight=4 beats of both legs
Royal Academy of Dance
-Louis XIV drew 1st line between amateur & professional
-Louis founded Académie Royale de Danse in 1661
-He founded Académie Royale de Musique in 1669
-The 2 were MERGED into 1 in 1672
Paris Opera & Ballet
-Academies of dance & music later became PARIS OPERA
-Opening of the Paris Opera in 1671
-Paris Opera & Paris Opera Ballet continue today
-Longest continued tradition of ballet
First Professional Dancers
-1st professional dancers appeared in the opera productions
-1st inaugural production of Academy was opera, "Pomone" in 1671
-It is assumed dancers were in the production "Pomone"
Dancers from Lower Classes
-Lower classes
-Illiterate, but available
-Treated as household servants
-Servants entrance (stage door vs. lobby)
Mille de la Fontaine
-France, c.1655-c.1738
-Considered 1st Prima Ballerina
-Led women in "Le Triomphe de L'amour" 1681
-Intro of both professional & women dancers
Paris Opera Ballet School
-Opened in 1713
-In continuous operation ever since
-Oldest ballet school in the world