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7 Cards in this Set
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specificity

The probability that a statistical test will be negative for a negative statistic.
tn/n 

sensitivity

The probability that a statistical test will be positive for a true statistic.
tp/p aka. coverage (of positive cases) 

statistical test

A test used to determine the statistical significance of an observation.


null hypothesis

'nollahypoteesi'
A hypothesis which is tested for possible rejection under the assumption that it is true (usually that observations are the result of chance). 

standard deviation

keskihajonta


expected value

Sum of probability of each possible value multiplied by its value.
'odotusarvo' 

variance

Measure of statistical dispresion.
Indicates how far from expected value the values (y) of a random variable (x) typically are. 