Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which modifier key do you hold down to assign something to multiple outputs?
What is the maximum amount of TDM time slots are available on HD systems?
512 bidirectional time slots
What is the maximum amount of tracks in a single session?
256 (some cannot be voiced)
What is the maximum amount of simultaneously voiced tracks allowed in a single session?
96 or 192, depending on which interface you are using. (96 i/o, or 192 i/o)
What are two ways to move the song start?
Click and drag the red diamond in the tempo ruler, or go to Event>Time Operations>Move Song Start... and enter a time.
List two ways to open the Identify beat dialogue box.
Command+I, or go to Event>Identify Beat.
List the six main MIDI message types that can be filtered by the MIDI Input Filter.
Notes, Pitch Bend, Mono Aftertouch, Polyphonic aftertouch, Program Changes, and SysEx (System Exclusive) data. The Input Filter box is found under Setup>MIDI>Input Filter.
List three ways to change the meter of a session.
Control+Click with any tool inside of the meter ruler, click the plus sign for the meter ruler, go to Event>Time Operations>Change Meter... or double-click the "current meter" button in the transport window (transport must be completely expanded to see the "current meter" button).
The click track defaults to clicking on quarter notes, how do you change which note value it clicks on?
Double click on any meter event in the meter ruler (this brings up the meter change dialogue box) and choose a different click note value from the click pop-up menu.
Which menu is Midi Beat Clock under and how many pulses per quarter note does it send out?
Midi Beat Clock is found under Setup>MIDI>MIDI Beat Clock and it sends out a synchronization signal of 24 pulses per quarter note.
How many ticks are in a quarter note?
There are 960 ticks per quarter note.
List two ways to open the Import Session Data dialogue box.
Option+Shift+I, or go to File>Import>Session Data...
Inside of the Import Session Data dialogue box, there are 5 check boxes that allow you to import additional data, list them.
Tempo/Meter Map, Key Signature Map, Markers/Memory Locations, Window Configurations, and Mic PRE Settings.
In my day, LA-2As were made out of?
Wood. (No this is not actually part of the test, just a little inside humor for Jimmy's students at ECDA)
List three ways to activate dynamic transport mode.
Command+Control+P, go to Options>Dynamic Transport, or right-click on the play button in the transport and select Dynamic Transport from the pop-up menu.

To remember the key command, think "split pea," get it?
What visual cues let you know that Dynamic Transport is active?
The main timebase ruler expands to double-height, and the Play Start Marker is displayed at the start of the timeline selction.
List three ways to reposition the Play Start Marker.
With any tool, click anywhere in the Play Start Marker strip and it will jump to that point, with any tool click and drag the Play Start Marker, or click (or click and hold) either FF or RW buttons in the transport.
What are two options for changing the behavior of the Play Start Marker and where do you find them?
Normally playback will begin where the Play Start Marker is located, and it will always update its position to the beginning of the timeline selection when a timeline selection is created, edited, or moved.

Under Setup>Preferences, in the Operation tab you will find "Play Start Marker Follows Timeline Selection" (if deselected will decouple the Play Start Marker from the timeline) and "Timeline Insertion/Play Start Marker Follows Playback," (which if selected will update the Play Start Marker to the location of the playback stopping point, the quick key for this is N with keyboard focus on).
List 4 ways to enable QuickPunch.
Choose Options>QuickPunch, Right-click on the record button and choose QuickPunch, hit 6 on the numeric keyboard if it's in transport mode, or press the QuickPunch button on your Control Surface.
List the biggest advantage and biggest disadvantage of using QuickPunch/TrackPunch.
Advantage: During playback, Pro Tools is recording all record enabled tracks in the background, so you don't need to worry about punching in/out on the dot, you can always trim the regions in/out.

Disadvantage: Pro Tools doubles the voice count for record enabled tracks, so you could potentially run out of voices. Record enabled mono tracks require two voices, and stereo tracks require four voices.
What is the difference between Auto Input Monitoring and Input Only Monitoring, and how do you toggle between the two modes for record enabled tracks?
With Input Only Monitoring on, you will always hear what is coming into that channel live. With Auto Input Monitoring on, you will hear what is coming into that channel except during playback (during playback you will hear what has been recorded onto that track, if anything).

You can toggle between the two monitoring modes by hitting Option+K, or by going to Track>Set Record Tracks To Input Only or Track>Set Record Tracks To Auto Input.
How do you create multiple takes during loop recording?
You must have Loop Record enabled and go to Setup>Preferences, and under the Operations Tab check "Automatically Create New Playlists When Loop Recording."

Note: You must record at least halfway through your loop selection to keep a take. If you hit stop before you reach the halfway point, you lose that take.
List two ways to rate a take.
Right-click on a take and choose 1-5, or with a take selected Power Claw (command+option+control) type 1-5 on the numeric keypad.
How do you filter the Playlist View by ratings?
Right-click the track name and choose Filter Lanes>Show Only Lanes With>Ratings>1-5.

Note: The track you right-click must be in the "playlist" track view.
Can you use your mouse to create MIDI CC data by moving/changing a parameter?
No. MIDI CC data can only be generated by a MIDI device.
Instrument plugins support either of two types of MIDI control (CC assignments), name them and describe their differences.
Instrument plugins support MIDI control by both Fixed CC assignments or Editable/Learnable CC assignments.

Plugin parameters with fixed CC assignments may require that you configure the controls on your MIDI keyboard or surface to transmit the correct controller number.

Plugin parameters that can learn CC assignments require no editing of your hardware controller or keyboard, as you can simply assign a parameter to whichever controller number a particular hardware control transmits.
List five differences between MIDI CC data and automation.
Writing automation requires that you choose a mode in which to creates your moves. Recording CC data is as simple as recording MIDI notes and requires no mode selection.

Automation moves can be made by moving a parameter with the mouse. CC data can only be generated by a MIDI controller.

CC event graphs are static (straight lines) between breakpoints, creating a stepped graph. Automation graphs are vector-based, which results in smooth motion (diagonal lines) between breakpoints.

CC data has lower resolution and timing accuracy than automation.

CC data is region-based and only controls parameters where moves have been recorded. Outside of the recorded CC performance regions, parameters may be changed at any time and stay where you put them.
Automation data, on the other hand, can be locked to a region or not, and parameter movement is locked to a graph at all times, meaning that unless you are writing new automation, after grabbing a parameter and changing it, it will always snap back to its automated position (according to where the automation graph says it should be!)
How do you assign a parameter to a CC control?
Right-Click on a control and either choose "Assign CC" and select a CC code to assign it to, or choose "Learn CC" and move a hardware control.
How many playlists does Pro Tools allow for a single track?
C. 192
D. Unlimited
E. 512
D. Pro Tools allows for an unlimited amount of something, for once. You can have as many playlists as you want.
There are two preferences for monitoring modes, what are they and where do you find them?
In Setup>Preferences, under the Operation tab, you will find "Disable 'Input' When Disarming Track(In 'Stop')," and "Mute Record-Armed Tracks While Stopped."
List four ways to open the MIDI Editor Window as a separate window (non-docked).
Right-Click on a MIDI region and choose "Open In MIDI Editor," go to Window>MIDI Editor, hit Control+=, or with the preference "Double-clicking a MIDI Region Opens>MIDI Editor" (chosen in Setup>Preferences under the MIDI tab) selected double-click on a MIDI region with the grabber tool
List two ways to view the MIDI Editor docked in the Edit Window.
Go to View>Other Displays>MIDI Editor, or choose MIDI Editor in the Edit Window's drop-down View Menu (located in the upper right-hand corner of the Edit Window).
Where can you find the Notation View button, and what does it look like?
You can find the Notation View button in the upper left-hand corner of the MIDI Editor Window and it looks like a barred pair of eighth notes.
If you have two MIDI Editor windows open, and the one in the foreground is not targeted, which receives keyboard and control surface focus?
The front-most MIDI Editor window always commands focus, regardless of whether it is targeted or not.
List two ways to open the Event Operations Quantize window.
Option+0(zero on numeric keypad), or go to Event>Event Operations>Quantize.
How do you open the Restore Performance dialogue box and what are the limitations to restoring a performance?
Go to Event>Event Operations>Restore Performance.

Restoring a MIDI performance will only undo changes you've made to a MIDI performance with any of the Event Operation operations, such as transpose, change duration, change velocity, etc. It will not undo cut, copied, pasted or otherwise manually moved or edited MIDI notes.

Note: Restore Performance can always bring back your original performance, or previously defined baseline performance created with the Flatten Performance command, event if the session has been saved and the undo queue lost.
How do you open the Flatten Performance dialogue box and what does it do?
Go to Event>Event Operations>Flatten Performance.

Flatten Performance, when applied, will permanently replace the original MIDI performance with a new "restore to" state, having added any current attributes to new baseline values for the Restore Performance command.
List four ways to access Real-Time MIDI Properties and list the visual cues that differentiate a MIDI region that has been processed with track-based real-time properties vs. region-based real-time properties.
MIDI Real-Time Properties can be accessed as a part of the Edit Window by going to View>Edit Window Views>Real-Time Properties, or choosing Real-Time Properties from the Column View Selector.

They may also be accessed as a separate window by hitting Option+4, or going to Event>MIDI Real-Time Properties.

Regions that have been processed by changing track properties have a "T" in their upper right-hand corner. Regions that have been processed individually have an "R" in their upper right-hand corner.

Note: Regions that have been processed individually will ignore real-time changes made to the track.
What happens when you click "Write to Region" or "Write to Track" in the Real-Time Properties Window?
When you click "Write to Region" or "Write to Track" in the Real-Time Properties Window, any property changes you have made will be applied to the region (or track) permanently. The changes will be written into the region (or track).
Which two of these clefs is not available from the Clef pop-up menu in the Notation Display Track Settings Window for the Score Editor?
A. Grand Staff
B. Treble Clef
C. Soprano Clef
D. Alto Clef
E. Tenor Clef
F. Baritone Clef
G. Bass Clef
Soprano clef and baritone clef are unavailable, the other 5 (Grand staff, treble, bass, alto, and tenor) are.
You don't need to know which clefs are not available, just remember the five that are.
List four ways to open Score Setup.
Go to File>Score Setup,
from the tracks menu in the Score Editor Window (or a MIDI Editor window when in Notation view), select Score Setup,
Right-Click in the Score Editor Window (or a MIDI Editor window when in Notation view), and select Score Setup,
or Double-Click the Title or Composer labels on the first page of the score.
List three ways to open the Notation Display Track settings for the Score Editor Window.
From the Track menu in the Score Editor, select Notation Display Track Settings,
or Right-Click in the Score Editor and select Notation Display Track Settings,
or Double-Click a clef on a staff.
The Note Selector tool can only make these kinds of a selections.
What are Object Selections? The Note Selector tool cannot make range selections.
How do you create a Bar|Beat marker?
Place the Edit insertion point where you would like the marker to be created and hit Command+I or go to Event>Identify Beat, hit ok.
When creating tempo changes in the Tempo Editor with the pencil tool, which pencil tool shapes are unavailable?
The crazy ones (Triangle, Square, and Random) are unavailable.
MIDI and Instrument tracks can be automatically transposed by adding key changes if they are set as pitched tracks. How would you switch one to be non-pitched?
Click on the Playlist View selector and deselect the pitched option.
List two ways to open the Window Configuration List.
Go to Window>Configurations>Window Configuration List, or hit Command+Option+J.
List three ways to create a new Window Configuration. How many Window Configurations can you have total?
You can have up to 99 total Window Configurations. Create a new one by going to Window>Configurations>New Configuration,
choose New Configuration from the pop-up menu inside of the Window Configuration List,
or type period(.) a number (1-99), and plus(+).
List two ways to recall a Window Configuration.
Click on a Window Configuration in the Window Configuration List, or type period (.) the desired number (1-99), and then asterisk (*).
Which modifier(s) do you hold while dragging a file from the Region List into your session to perform the Replace Region Command?
How many punch-ins can you perform during a single quick-punch record take?
Up to 200 running punches per record take are allowed.
Moving the song start by dragging it will cause which type of tracks to move?
All Tick-based tracks will move when you change the song start marker by dragging it.
Enabling Dynamic Transport automatically disables which option?
Enabling Dynamic Transport will automatically disable Link Timeline and Edit Selection.
Why should you be cautious when redrawing waveforms with the pencil tool?
Editing with the pencil tool is destructive, it literally modifies the audio file on disk.
What is the biggest difference between looking at notation in the Score Editor window vs. looking at notation in the MIDI editor window?
In the Score Editor window, notation is layed out in the traditional page style. In the MIDI Editor window, notation is represented on a continuous timeline.
In order to delete a playlist, what must be true about it?
In order to delete a playlist, it must be unused. You cannot delete any playlist that is currently active.
Can Mac computers export and bounce to Windows Media Format (WMA's)?
No. Exporting or bouncing out audio as WMA's is only available on windows-based pro tools systems.
Volume Trim data is displayed in what color?
Volume Trim data is displayed in yellow.
List two ways to change the center point of a crossfade.
Trim either side of the crossfade forward or back, or double-click on the crossfade to open the Fade Editor and click and drag left or right in the main fade shape display.
Which tool is being used in this screenshot?

album is 210M
pic is called "Which tool?"
The Selector tool (in the Score Editor or notation view in the MIDI editor) creates the blue bounding box around a selection of notes.
How do you add a Window Configuration to a Memory Location?

A. Open the properties for the Window Configuration you'd like to add, check "Add to Memory Location," and choose the desired memory location from the drop down menu.

B. Open the desired Memory Location's properties, check the "Window Configuration" box and choose the desired Window Configuration from the drop-down menu.

C. Check "Add Window Configuration" in the desired Memory Location's properties box and a new Window Configuration will automatically be created matching the current display.

D. Right-Click on the desired Window Configuration in the Window Configurations Window, choose "Add To Memory Location" from the pop-up menu, and then select the desired Memory Location.
B. To add a Window Configuration to a Memory Location, open the desired Memory Location's properties(from the memory locations window - Command+5), check the "Window Configuration" box, and choose the desired Window Configuration from the drop-down menu.
Word Clock is which type of signal?

A. Clock Reference
B. Positional Reference
D. SMPTE timecode
E. MIDI timecode
A. Word Clock is a clock reference. It even has clock in the name. Woah.
Clock reference signals are connected via which types of connections?

E. All of the above
F. A, B, and C only
E. Clock Reference signals are transmitted through digital connections.

Also, know that clock references, such as Word Clock or Video Reference, are all about SPEED information(just how long IS a minute??), as opposed to positional reference signals like SMPTE or MIDI beat clock which communicate where you are in TIME.
In the image linked below, what will happen to the audio track and automation when the tempo is trimmed down?

go to:
go to my pictures and the 210M album. The pic is called "tempo change."
(You have to type in the web addy because unless I pay to post flashcards won't let me post pics in a flashcard, nor can you highlight flashcard text...)

A. The Audio region and automation will retain their bar|beat position, but will slide over to the right.

B. The Audio region and automation will retain their bar|beat position, and they will stretch out to the right.

C. The audio region will stretch out tho the right, but the automation will retain its absolute position.

D.The audio region will retain its absolute position, but the automation will strech out to the right.

E. The audio and automation will both retain their absolute positions, and both will not stretch out to the right.
E. Take a look at that picture again ( <210M <"Tempo Change") and notice that the audio track is set to being sample-based. What happens with sample-based material when you create tick-based even changes? NOTHING.

The automation, as it is a playlist of the audio track is also subject to being tickbased and thusly will not move.

If the audio track was set to tick-based, they both would retain their bar|beat positions and stretch out to the right. If it was tickbased and elastic audio was not enabled, they would both retain their bar|beat position, but only the automation would stretch out to the right.