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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
*Protecting from additional trauma
*Protecting from additional contamination
*Preventing desiccation
*Preventing hematoma and seroma formation through compression
*Immobilization of the wound
five aspects of wound healing promotion
*wound healing
*Minimize post-op edema
*Can absorb exudate
*Lift away foreign material and loose tissue
*Promotes an acid environment
*Keeps wound warm
six reasons to bandage
why is an acid environment important?
Increases oxygen availability to wound
*Direct contact with wound
*May adherent or non-adherent
Four aspects of primary or contact layer
this type of bandaging is no longer recommended
why is moist wound care important?
Less inflammation and less wound disruption
Impermeable to moisture but allows some air transfer
Allows air and moisture vapor to move through dressing
*Cast padding, rolled cotton
*Covers primary layer and provides support to the wound
Secondary or padded conforming layer
*Gauze and elastic
*Adhesive tape to hold bandage in place
*Should be non-occlusive
*If strikethrough occurs, bandage must be changed
Tertiary or protective layer
Fiberglass or plaster
cast material
Stabilize certain fractures
purpose of cast
why should casts contain minimal padding?
to prevent loosening
How often should casts be monitored?
used as temporary immobilization of fractures before surgery
MUST extend to one joint above and below the injury
Large bulky bandage
How does the Robert-Jones provide rigid stabilization?
extreme compression of the secondary layer
How is the modified Robert-Jones different than the original?
*Less bulky
*Used as post-op swelling reduction
*Provides little or no splinting of the limb
*Cast padding instead of roll cotton
How should chest / abdominal bandages be applied?
firmly but without constriction...more firmly if controlling bleeding
This can be used to reinforce the bandage along the midline
rolled towel
how long is a chest / abdominal bandage effective?
1 - 2 hours
how long can a chest / abdominal bandage remain in place?
no more than 4 hours
three types of distal limb splints
aluminum splints, tongue depressors, plastic
when using distal limb splinters, pressure points can be prevented by using...
what are distal limb splinters used for?
Temporary immobilization or definitive stabilization
Used specifically to immobilize hind limb after reduction of dislocated hip and to prevent weight bearing after pelvic surgery
Ehmer sling
How are Ehmer Slings applied?
adhesive bandage to prevent slipping with minimal padding
What does the Ehmer sling protect?
Internal rotation and adduction of coxofemoral joint
What does the 90-90 flexion sling prevent?
stifle joint stiffness and hyperextension after femoral repair in young animals
What does the 90-90 flexion sling not attempt to do?
rotate or adduct joint
The 90-90 flexion sling is what type of sling?
Non-weight baring sling
What part of the animal is the 90-90 flexion sling used on?
Stifle and hock in 90-degree flexion
What does the Valpeau sling
flexed forelimb against body
What does the Valpeau sling prevent?
Prevents movement in all joints
What is the Valpeau sling used for?
Non-weight baring sling for foreleg
What is the Carpal flexion sling used for?
Non-weight baring sling for forelimb
What are Hobbles used for?
Applied to hind limbs to prevent excessive abduction of limbs
Can also be used to limit activity
What is the most important aspect of aftercare?
minimum of weekly close monitoring
What three things should be monitored daily pertaining to the toes?
Name six things to consider as aftercare.
client education
restriction of exercise
Name seven types of bandage materials.
VetWrap, CoFlex
Self adhesive
Non-porous/wet-proof tape
Porous tape
Elasticated tape
Cast padding
Cotton roll
Roll gauze