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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
location of the heart
middle mediastinum
anterior to esophagus and descending aorta, surrounded by lungs and covered by manubrium anterioly, 2nd-6th cartilages, sits diagnolly with apex to the left
identify the base and apex
base cranial end angled to the right and posterior
apex caudel end, forms a point to the left of midline and is inferior and anterior
what are the 3 wall layers of the heart
endocardium-innermost
myocardium- thickest middle layer, makes up muscle mass
pericardium-outer layer
4 chambers of the heart
Left atrium
Right atrium
Left ventricle
Right ventricle
atria recieve blood and are seperated by the interatrial septum
ventricles pump blood and are seperated by interventricular septum
systole
ventricle contraction
corresponds with the QRS on the EKG, semilunar valves open
diastole
atrial systole corresponds to P-wave on EKG ventricular relaxation and filling
atrioventricular valves open
deoxygenated blood
when in RA, RV, IVC, SVC, coronary sulcus, pulmonary artery
oxygenated blood
lungs, pulmonary veins, LA, LV and aorta
Sequence the 5 components or pathways of the electrical conduction system through the normal heart
AV node- SA node- Bundle of HIS- purkinje fibers- Left and Right bundle branches
Identify the major cardiac windows utilized during a routine cardiac ultrasound
parasternal
apical
suprasternal
subcostal
Trace the circulation of the blood through the normal heart and the great vessels.
SVC, IVC, Coronary Sulcus,RIGHT ATRIUM,TRICUSPID VALVE,RIGHT VENTRICLE,PULMONARY VALVE,PULMONARY ARTERY,LUNGS,PULMONARY VEINS,LEFT ATRIUM,BICUSPID VALVE,LEFT VENTRICLE,AORTIC VALVE,AORTA,Systemic System, Capillaries & Veins…