Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/167

Click to flip

167 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abscond
to depart clandestinely; to steal away and hide
acerbic
having a sour or bitter taste
acumen
quick, keen, or accurate knowledge or insight
adulterate
to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness
ameliorate
to make better or more tolerable
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
ascetic
one who practices rigid self-denial, especially as an act of religious devotion
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
austere
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
aver
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
bombast/bombastic
self-evident or pompous writing or speech; pompous; grandiloquent
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
burgeon
to grow rapidly; to flourish
canon
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
canonical
following or in agreement with orthodox requirements
castigation
severe criticism or punishment
caustic
burning or stinging causing corrosion
chary
wary; cautious
chicanery
trickery or subterfuge
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
contrite
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
credulous
tending to believe too readily; gullible
culpable
deserving blame
dearth
smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
demur
to question or oppose
derision
scorn; ridicule, contemptuous treatment
desiccate
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
disabuse
to undeceive; to set right
dissemble
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
dogmatic
stubbornly opinionated
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
emollient
soothing; especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
ennui
dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
ephemeral
brief; fleeting
erudite
very learned; scholarly
esoteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
exculpate
exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
extemporaneous
improvised; done without preparation
facetious
playful; humorous
flout
to demonstrate contempt for, as in a rule or convention
fulminate
to loudly attack or denounce
furtive
marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
garrulous
pointlessly talkative, talking too much
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
grandiloquence
pompous speech or expression
halcyon
calm and peaceful
amenable
agreeable; responsive to suggestion
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
hackneyed
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
harangue
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade
hegemony
the consistant dominance of one state or ideology over others
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
idolatrous
given to intense or excessive devotion to something
impassive
revealing no emotion
impecunious
lacking funds; without money
impunity
immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
in an initial stage; not fully formed
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
infelicitious
unfortunate; lethargic; sluggish
ingenuous
artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inimical
damaging; harmful; malevolent
insipid
without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
intractable
not easily managed or directed; stubborn, obstinate
inured
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
inveigle
to obtain by deception or flattery
irascible
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laconic
using few words; terse
loquacious
extremely talkative
magnanimity
the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, especially in forgiving
martial
associated with war and the armed forces
maverick
an independant individual who does not go along with a group or party
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
nascent
coming into being; in early developmental stages
neologism
a new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
neophyte
a recent convert; a beginner; novice
obdurate
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obfuscate
to deliberately obscure; to make confusing
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
occlude
to obstruct or block
onerous
troubling; burdensome
opprobrium
disgrace; contempt; scorn
paean
a song of hymn or praise and thanksgiving
oscillation
the act or state or swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
pedagogy
the art or profession of training, teaching, or instruting
pedantic
the parading of learning; excessive attention to minutiae and formal rules
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
penury
poverty; destitution
perfidy
intentional breach of faith; treachery
pernicious
extremely harmful; potentially causing death
perspicacious
acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
peruse
to examine with great care
phlegmatic
calm; sluggish; unemotional
pith/pithy
the essential or central part; precise and brief
platitude
a superficial remark, especially one offered as meaningful
polemical
controversial; argumentative
pragmatic
practical rather than idealistic
precipitate
to cause or to happen before anticipated or required; acting with excessive haste or impulse
predilection
a disposition in favor of something; preference
prescience
foreknowledge of events; knowing events prior to their occuring
presumptious
overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy); taking liberties
probity
adherence to highest principles; uprightness
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse, lavish
prodigious
abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
profligate
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagent
profuse
gvien or coming forth abundantly; extravagent
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts; productive
propensity
a natural inclination or tendency; penchant
prosaic
dull; unimaginative
quaff
to drink deeply
qualm
misgiving; reservation; cause for hesitancy
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling; quarrelsome
quiescence
stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest
quixotic
foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideals
quotidian
occuring or recurring daily; commonplace
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
recondite
hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
relegate
to forcibly assign, especially to a lower place or position
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rescind
to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
reverent
marked by, feeling, or expressing profound awe or respect
rhetoric
the art of study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
promoting health or well being
solicitious
concerned and attentive; eager
solvent
able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
soporific
causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
sordid
characterized by filth, grime, or squalor; foul
specious
seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
squalid
sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
stupefy
to stun, baffle, or amaze
stymie
to block; thwart
subtle
not obvious; elusive; difficult to discern
supplant
to take the place of; supersede
surfeit
excess; overindulgence
tacit
implied; not explicity stated
torpid
lethargic; sluggish; dormant
torque
a force that causes rotation
tortuous
winding; twisting; excessively complicated
tout
to publicly praise or promote
trenchant
sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
truculent
fierce and cruel; eager to fight
variegated
multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different color
veracity
truthfulness; honesty
vilify
to defame; to characterize harshly
virulent
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
viscous
thick; sticky
vituperate
to use harsh, condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
volatile
readily changing to a vapor; changable; fickle; explosive
urbane
sophisticated; refined; elegant