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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Warning signs of Melanoma
A-Asymmetry
B-Border
C-Color
D-Diameter
Causes of Acanthosis Nigricans
PAID-COb
Polycyctic Ovary Disease
Acromegaly
Insulin resistance
DM
Cancer
Obesity
Cause of migratory necrolytic erythema
glucanoma
Cause of acrodermatitis enteropathica
zinc deficiency
Precursor lesion of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin?
actinic keratosis
Conditions associated with erythema nodosum
BUMP SIS
Bechet, Birth Control
UC
Myco TB
Parasites
Sarcoidosis, Sulfonamides
IBD
Streptococcal and fungal infections
erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme dz
erythema marginatum
rheumatic fever
erythema multiforme
Steven-Johnsons
Sulfonamides
NSAIDS
Dilantin
Pityriasis Rosea
initial lesion is herald patch
other lesions follow a christmas tree pattern
What is ice pick like pitting edema specific for?
psoriasis
Nail Clubbing-lung conditions
Lung: cancer, chronic bronchitis, TB, bronchiectasis, hypoxemia due to pulmonary shunts
Nail Clubbing-GI
IBD, cirrhosis
Nail Clubbing-Cardiac
infective endocarditis, cordiogenic shunts
Nail Clubbing-other
Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy
Pregnancy
Amyloidosis
Argyll-Robertson Pupil
SAD
tertiary Syphilis
Alcoholism (Wernikes)
Diabetes
Marcus-Gunn pupil
optic neuritis, central retinal artery occlusion
Blue scleras
OI
Most common causes of papilledema
HAM TIP
Hematoma
Abscess
Meningitis

Tumor
Intracranial hemmorhage
Pseudotumor cerebri
Bullous Myringitis
Pathognomonic for Myco Pnuemo
May be in Ramay-Hunt's syn or viral or bacterial infxns
Weber test
Conductive-bad ear
Sensorineural-good ear
Rinne test
conductive-impaired air concuation

sensorineural-air and bone are equally affected but air last longer than bone.
Saddle Nose Deformity
CRoWS
Cocaine
Relapsing polychondritis
Wegeners
Syphilis
Criteria for Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)
ESCAPE A
Eosinophilia
Skin rxn to asp antigen
Central bronchiectasis
Asthma
Pulmonary infiltrates
Elevated IgE

Antibodies to ASP antigen
Most sensitive physical sign for Pulmonary Emoblism
sinus tachycardia
Livedo reticularis + shortness of breath following femur fracture?
Fat Embolism
Blue Bloater
Chronic Bronchitis
Pink Puffer
Emphysema
Trachea-opposite
Fremitis-decreased
Percussion-dull
Breath sounds-decreased
Pleural effusion
Trachea-midline
Fremitis-increased
Percussion-dull
Breath sounds-bronchial
Consolidation (PNM)
Trachea-opposite
Fremitis-decreased
Percussion-hyperressonant
Breath sounds-decreased
Pneumothorax
Trachea-same side
Fremitis-decreased
Percussion-dull
Breath sounds-decreased
atelectasis
Trachea-mildline
Fremitis-decreased
Percussion-hyperresonant
Breath sounds-decreased
Emphysema
Jones Criteria for rheumatic fever
2 major or 1 major and 2 minor plus antecedent strept infxn
Jones Criteria-minor
FEAR
Fever
EKG changes(PR prolong)
Arthralgias
Reactant, acute phase
Jones Criteria-major
CASES
Carditis
migratory Arthritis
Sydenham's chorea
Erythema mirginatum
Subcutaneous nodules
Signs of Aortic Regurg
corrigans pulse, water hammer pulse, pistol shot femoral sound, Duroziez's sign, Hill's sign, Quincke pulses, Austin-Flint murmur
Continuous machine like murmur
PDA
Findings in Bacterial Endocarditis
Roth Spots, splinter hemorrhages, janeway lesions (nontender), painful osler nodes
Systolic ejection murmur with thrill on the upper left sternal border.
pulmonary sternosis
Holosystolic murmur with a thrill on the lower left sternal border.
VSD
Holosystolic murmur best heard on the apex, radiating to the axilla.
Mitral Regurgitation
Systolic murmur along wth LSB thrill radiating to the right side of the neck.
Aortic stenosis
Midsystolic click with late systolic murmur.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Opening snap, loud S1, diastolic rumble, atrial fibrillation.
Mitral Stenosis
Pericardial knock.
constrictive pericarditis
saw tooth pattern on EKG
atrial flutter
irregularly, irregular pulse, absent p wave, and irregular baseline EKG.
atrial fibrillation
Pulsus Alternans
Cardiac Tamponade
Pulsus bisferiens
Aortic regurg and HCM/IHSS
Pulsus paradoxus
Cardiac Tamponade, asthma, constrictive pericarditis
Pulsus tardus
Aortic Stenosis