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43 Cards in this Set

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La regla general por los verbos terminando en "-ar" o "-er"
No spelling change. Ex. Almorzar- almuez (in pres)
- almorz (en past)
Endings for -ar verbs (normal)
Yo- e' Nosotros- amos
Tu- aste Vosotro- asteis
Ud- o' Uds- aron
Endings for -er/-ir verbs (normal)
yo- i' Nosotros- imos
tu- iste Vosotros- isteis
Ud- io' Uds- ieron
Verbs with Root Change
-U- or -I-
follow these ending
Yo- o Nosotros- imos
tu- iste Vosotros- isteis
Ud- e Uds- ieron
Verbs with -U- root change
Andar
Anduv
estar
estuv
poder
pud
poner
pus
saber
sup
tener
mantener
obtener
tuv
mantuv
obtuv
Verbs with -I- stem change
Querer
Venir
quis
vin
Verbs with -J- root change follow these endings
yo- e nosotros- imos
tu- iste vosotros- isteis
Ud- o Uds- eron
Verbs with -J- root change
examples....
decir
dije dijimos
dijiste dijisteis
dijo dijeron
traer (to bring)
traje trajimos
trajiste trajisteis
trajo trajeron
verbs ending in -cir
example: traducir (translate)
traduje tradujimos
tradujiste tradujisteis
tradujo tradujeron
Verbs with stem ending in a vowel (Y- change in
3RD PERSON ONLY)
examples.....
oir (all have acent expect 3rd person pl.)
oi' oi'mos
oi'ste oi'steis
oyo' oyeron
Verbs ending in -eer
ex: leer
lei' lei'mos
lei'ste lei'steis
leyo' leyeron
Verbs ending in -uir
ex: construir
construi' construi'mos
construi'ste construi'steis
construyo' construyeron
Irregular Preterite Verbs
(4 of them)
dar
ir
ser
hacer
dar
di dimos
diste disteis
dio dieron
(same as -ir verbs except w/o accents)
ser/ir
fui fuimos
fuiste fuisteis
fue fueron
hacer
hice hicimos
hiciste hicisteis
hizo hicieron
Verbs ending in -Ir (general rule)
If a spelling change in present the verb will have spelling change in 3rd person (sing. & pl.)
Only 3 types of stem change
present:
e->ie
e-> i
o-> ue
In preterite
e->i
e->i
o->u
Examples:
preferir (pres: e->ie)
prefiero
Preterite (e->i)
preferi'
preferiste
prefirio'
preferimos
preferisteis
prefirieron
pedir: e-> i(to ask)
present: pido
preterite: (e->i)
pedi'
pediste
pidio'
pedimos
pedisteis
pidieron
dormir: (o->ue)
present duermo
preterite: (o->u)
dormi'
dormiste
durmio'
dormimos
dormisteis
durmieron
Other common (e->ie, in present AND e->i, in preterite) verbs
examples...
divertirse
me diverti'
te divertiste
se divirtio'
nos divertimos
vos divertisteis
se divirtieron
sentirse
me senti'
te sentiste
se sintio'
nos sentimos
vos sentisteis
se sintieron
Other common (e->i, in present AND e->i, in preterite) verbs
examples....
despedirse (to say goodbye)
me desperdi'
te desperiste
se despidio'
nos despedimos
vos despedisteis
se despidieron
repetir
repeti'
repetiste
repitio'
repetimos
repetisteis
repitieron
seguir (to follow)
conseguir (to get)
segui'
seguiste
siguio'
seguimos
seguisteis
siguieron
servir
servi'
serviste
sirvio'
servimos
servisteis
sirvieron
vestirse
me vesti'
te vestiste
se vistio'
nos vestimos
vos vestisteis
se vistieron
Other (o->ue, in present, AND o->u, in perterite) verbs
Ex: morir
mori'
moriste
murio'
morimos
moristeis
murieron
Preterite -AR spelling changes ONLY in YO from
(to retain sound)
examples....
-CAR as in
buscar
pescar
explicar
CAR-> que'
busque'
pesque'
explique'
-GAR as in
jugar
llegar
pagar
GAR -> gue'
jugue'
llegue'
pague'
-ZAR as in
gozar
almorzar
comenzar
empezar
ZAR -> ce'
goce'
almorce'
comence'
empece'