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172 Cards in this Set

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assassinated by Leon F. Czolgosz, an anarchist
25
wife, Ida Saxton, had epileptic seizures during state dinners, during which this president would cover her face with a handkerchief.
25
served as governor of Ohio and in the US House, pushing for protectionist tariffs.
25
was the first to use a telephone in a presidential campaign.
25
Front Porch Campaign, in which he beat William Jennings Bryan despite Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” speech about the dangers of backing the currency on gold.
25
He used the slogan “A full dinner pail”.
25
The Dingley Tariff Act was passed, creating a high protective tariff of 46 percent.
25
The Spanish-American War was caused in part by the explosion of the battleship Maine.
It resulted in the capture of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico through the Treaty of Paris.
25
The territory of Hawaii was annexed as part of the Spanish-American War.
25
The Open Door Policy stated a US desire to have all nations on an equal footing in China.
25
The Boxer Rebellion, an uprising against Westerners in China, was crushed.
25
The Gold Standard Act set the US dollar on the gold standard, ending the cry for silver-based dollars.
25
was assassinated by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist and Detroit native.
25
married Alice Lee, who died after 4 years of marriage, second wife, Edith Kermit Carow, knew him from childhood and attended his first wedding.
26
was asthmatic as a child but overcame it and became a boxer briefly.
26
served as an Assistant Secretary of the Navy, New York State Assemblyman, US Civil Service Commissioner, President of the New York City Police Board, and Governor of New York.
26
led the Rough Riders in the Spanish-American War
26
bosses sent him to the vice presidency to keep him under control. That didn’t work well.
26
was the youngest president ever
26
The Wright Brothers flew the first airplane and this president was the first to ride in an airplane.
26
acquired the rights to build the Panama Canal and full control over the Panama Canal Zone.
26
used Big Stick Diplomacy, which came from the saying, “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”
26
This man's "Corollary" stressed enforcing the Monroe Doctrine.
26
became the first American to win the Nobel peace prize for ending the Russo-Japanese War
26
had an antitrust policy dubbed the Square Deal.
26
He was nicknamed the “Trust Buster”
26
The Anthracite Coal Strike occurred over a dispute involving the United Mine Workers, where this president became the first president to personally intervene in a strike.
26
The publishing of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle caused the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Acts to be passed, allowing for federal meat inspection and other food safety improvements.
26
The Gentleman’s Agreement kept the US from enacting a Japanese exclusion act
26
Oklahoma became a state.
26
The NAACP was founded, an important step forward for blacks and racial equality.
26
He later ran in the Bull Moose Party
26
wife, Helen “Nellie” Herron, suffered a stroke two months into the president’s term but recovered and entertained lavishly.
27
was overweight, and once got stuck in the White House bathtub. He had to order a three person tub.
27
served as Governor General of the Philippines, generally deemed a good colonial governor.
27
served as solicitor general and as a judge in several courts such as the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals.
27
served as secretary of war under Theodore Roosevelt and earned his support. This president mainly supported Roosevelt’s policies without going in new directions, keeping with this president’s judiciary background.
27
started the presidential tradition of pitching the first baseball of the season.
27
The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act cut the tariff rate 5%, but retained protectionist policies.
27
The Mann-Elkins Act extended the authority of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
27
Dollar Diplomacy used American power to promote American business interests overseas.
27
New Mexico and Arizona became states, making this president the first to preside over all 48 contiguous states.
27
The 16th amendment legalized the federal income tax.
27
served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court after the presidency, the only president to do so.
27
first wife, Ellen Louise Axson, enjoyed painting and died early in the president’s term.
28
His second wife, Edith Bolling Galt, was nicknamed “The Secret President” because she ran the presidency in day to day matters while her husband was paralyzed from a stroke.
28
had a PhD, but was ironically sexist and racist
28
was a lawyer, a professor at Princeton, the governor of New Jersey, and the president of Princeton.
28
The Panama Canal was completed, reducing the time spent traveling between oceans.
28
The first presidential press conference was held, with an attendance of about 125 people.
28
The Federal Reserve Act created the modern federal reserve system
28
recommended the creation of the Federal Trade Commission to stop unfair business practices.
28
The Clayton Anti-Trust Act restricted unfair business practices that reduced competition and gave unions the right to picket, strike, and boycott. It expanded the Sherman anti-trust act from Harrison’s term.
28
Several laws restricting child labor were passed and ruled unconstitutional.
28
The Adamson Act for railroad workers started the trend of the eight-hour day and 1.5 overtime pay.
28
Pancho Villa, a hero from the Mexican revolution, raided the border town of Columbus, New Mexico.
28
The Zimmeran Telegram was a message from the Germans to the Mexicans asking for a secret alliance.
28
World War I started.
28
The slogan “He kept us out of war” helped his reelection, but the US then intervened during his second term, turning the tide in favor of the allies.
28
Fourteen Points speech outlined an impartial plan for peace that was considered too moderate by Britain and France.
28
The Communist party, led by Lenin, took power in Russia.
28
The 17th amendment determined the number and term length of senators.
28
The 18th amendment, called Prohibition, was widely unpopular and ignored due to its attempt to ban alcohol.
28
The 19th amendment, which gave women the right to vote, passed despite strong initial opposition from this president
28
wife, Florence Kling, was self-reliant and supported herself with piano lessons after divorcing her previous husband.
29
served as an Ohio State Senator, Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, and US senator.
29
a dark horse, was picked for nomination in a smoke-filled room, and ran a front porch campaign.
29
preached a “return to normalcy”. Although normalcy wasn’t a word, the nation liked it.
29
was the first president to ride to his inauguration in an automobile.
29
was the first president to give a speech over radio, speaking about the Francis Key Memorial.
29
the infamous Teapot Dome Scandal dealing with oil reserves.
29
chose not to join the League of Nations, essentially destroying the organization.
29
The formal conclusion of World War I occurred.
29
The Soviet Union was formed and Lenin took power.
29
Arms Limitation limited naval forces for Japan and several other nations, stalling Japanese aggression.
29
Labor activist and Socialist presidential candidate Eugene Debbs was pardoned.
29
The Fordney-McCumber Tariff raised the tariff to 38% on manufactured goods and agriculture.
29
was the first president since the Civil War to speak on Southern soil for the rights of blacks.
29
died in office. Rumors that his wife poisoned him are generally considered untrue.
29
wife, Grace Anna Goodhue, served as a trustee of the Clarke school.
30
Once, a woman sitting next to him said that she bet her friend that she could get him to say three words. His response was, “You lose.”
30
“Silent Cal”
30
served as a city councilman, chairman of the Northhampton Republican committee, a member of the state legislature, governor of Massachusetts, and vice president.
30
was known for a hands-off style of government
30
vice president, Charles Dawes, shared the Nobel Peace Prize for working on the Dawes Plan, which helped Germany’s economic recovery after World War I.
30
was the first president to broadcast on the radio from inside the White House and had the first presidential inauguration broadcasted over the radio.
30
The Scopes Monkey Trial was a showdown between William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow over the teaching of evolution in public schools.
30
An Immigration Act cut the immigration quota and excluded the Japanese.
30
Tax reduction for mainly the rich helped contribute to runaway spending that led to the Great Depression.
30
The Veterans Bonus provided the foundation for the Bonus March during the Great Depression.
30
The Air Commerce Act put civil aviation under the direction of the commerce department.
30
The wildly successful Kellogg-Briand Pact had 15 countries, including the US, Germany, Japan, the UK, and France, give up warfare as a way of settling disputes, thereby preventing World War II.
30
declined to run for a second full term. Some speculate that he anticipated the depression and didn’t want to be president when it happened.
30
wife, Lou Henry, went to college and had an interest in taxidermy.
31
worked as a mining engineer, working in Australia and China.
31
was appointed US Food Administrator and allocated food resources during World War One. He was a proponent of food conservation during the war, proposing meatless Mondays.
31
served as secretary of commerce, making him the most prominent Republican for the election.
31
ran on prosperity and the slogan: “A chicken in every pot and a car in every garage.”
31
The stock market crashed on Black Thursday, starting the Great Depression.
31
favored indirect and business intervention over direct intervention, fearing the needy growing dependent on government money.
31
The Bonus March was a march of veterans on the White House for a pension, suppressed by the army.
31
-The Agricultural Marketing Act gave relief to farmers, but was insufficient.
31
The protectionist Hawley-Smoot Tariff raised the tariff to 42 percent.
31
The London Naval Treaty allowed Japan to increase its navy.
31
founded the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which attempted to stabilize the financial sector.
31
The Norris-LaGuardia Act allowed more types of worker strikes.
31
The 20th amendment, nicknamed the “Lame Duck” amendment, moved the presidential inauguration date up to January 20. The greatness of this amendment was often overlooked.
31
wife, Anna Eleanor, was noted for being politically active, holding press conferences, lectures, and radio broadcasts.
32
had polio and was famous for his birthday balls, fundraisers to fight polio.
32
had an affair with Lucy Page Mercer while he had polio. Some call it the “Wheelchair Affair”.
32
worked as a lawyer, served in the New York State legislature, served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and served as Governor of New York.
32
The Social Security act created modern social security.
32
The first self-sustaining nuclear reaction was created in preparation for the atomic bomb.
32
was the first president to be on television
32
gave “fireside chats”, in which he talked regularly over the radio to listeners.
32
once assured the nation that we had “nothing to fear but fear itself.”
32
pushed for the Emergency Banking Act, which formed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure deposits and restore confidence in banks.
32
The Great Depression ended due partially to the New Deal.
32
passed a massive program of public works in the first 100 days to end the depression, but much of it was struck down by the courts. It included the Works Progress Administration, the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, and the Tennessee Valley Authority.
32
proposed a court-packing plan that would allow the president to appoint a justice for every sitting justice with 10 years of experience over the age of 70. This bill was unpopular and failed to pass.
32
The Fair Labor Standards Act banned child labor and created the minimum wage
32
The Hatch Act forbids federal employees from engaging in partisan activity.
32
The Soviet Union was formally recognized by the US. It became a major ally in World War Two.
32
The Good Neighbor Policy replaced Dollar Diplomacy, moving towards non-intervention.
32
World War II began. US intervention was spurred by the attacks on Pearl Harbor.
32
This president the first president to fly on an airplane while he was in office.
32
The popular 21st amendment repealed the widely unsuccessful Prohibition.
32
died in office after the longest term of any president.
32
wife, Elizabeth Virginia Wallace, was athletic in her youth and disliked formalities.
33
worked as a farmer before becoming a major in World War One. He opened a shop and served as administrator of Jackson County, presiding judge of Jackson Court, US senator, and Vice President
33
drew criticism for close ties with a political boss named Tom Pendergast. Despite this, he had integrity. He once said, “Three things ruin a man: power, money, and women. I never wanted power, I never had any money, and the only woman in my life is up at the house right now.”
33
As a senator, this president was the head of the Senate war investigating committee that investigated spending in World War Two. He earned a reputation for honesty from the committee, which possibly saved 15 billion.
33
As president, a sign stating, “The buck stops here,” appeared on his desk.
33
narrowly won reelection despite the belief by nearly everyone that his opponent Thomas Dewey would win.
33
His “Whistle-stop campaign” involved an intensive tour of the country and stops in even small towns.
33
Japan surrendered after the first two atomic bombs were dropped
33
the end of World War Two.
33
The first hydrogen bomb was detonated and the USSR detonated its first atomic bomb.
33
The Marshall plan took 13 billion dollars to help rebuild Europe after World War Two.
33
The state of Israel was created to provide a nation for Jewish people after the brutality of World War Two.
33
NATO was created to counter the Soviet menace.
33
The Berlin Airlift brought in supplies when the city was under unofficial Soviet blockade.
33
The Nuremberg Trials were held to try alleged Nazi war criminals.
33
helped to create the United Nations, succeeding where Wilson had not.
33
The Korean War started.
33
He fired General MacArthur, who was leading the US forces in Korea.
33
This President's Doctrine stated that the US should help democracies to resist subjugation.
33
The Communists in China took power, banishing the democratic government to Taiwan.
33
ordered a seizure of the nation’s steel mills, a heavy-handed move that offended many.
33
Senator McCarthy became prominent and claimed to know many communists in the government.
33
A Presidential Succession Act was passed, putting cabinet members behind two congressional leaders.
33
domestic policy was known as the Fair Deal, which proposed social improvement
33
Two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to assassinate him.
34
The 22nd amendment limited presidents to two terms in office.
34
wife, Mamie Geneva Doud, was forced to move 27 times to follow the military.
34
was a career soldier who served in the Philippines, led US forces in World War Two, and served as the Supreme Commander of NATO forces in Europe.
34
served as president of Columbia University after the war.
34
kept his party allegiance secret, so that both parties wanted him to run as their candidate.
34
A popular slogan during his campaign was: “I like Ike.”
34
held the first televised press conference and was the first president to campaign on TV.
34
The Korean War ended.
34
A nuclear missile buildup started in this president's term for both the US and the Soviets.
34
empowered the CIA to topple several foreign governments, including Iran and Guatemala.
34
Senator McCarthy’s witch hunt ended.
34
Brown vs. Board of Education occurred desegregating public schools.
34
dispatched troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to protect black students at a formerly all-white high school.
34
The Interstate Highway Act authorized construction of a 42,000-mile interstate highway system.
34
The St. Lawrence Seaway opened the Great Lakes to ocean-going vessels.
34
A U-2 spy plane went down in the Soviet Union, hurting relations between the two superpowers.
34
The Kitchen Debate occurred between Vice President Nixon and Soviet Premier Khrushchev over the merits of the two countries.
34
Alaska and Hawaii became states.
34
was the first president to preside over all 50 states.
34