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135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
wife was Martha Dandridge Custis, who set the precedent for entertaining with formal ceremony but inwardly disliked it.
1
fought in the French and Indian wars, and commanded American forces in the Revolutionary War. He wintered at Valley Forge and crossed the Delaware.
1
lived and was buried at Mt. Vernon.
1
The only president to be elected unanimously
1
only wanted to serve one term but ended up staying another term to prevent partisan disputes.
1
set many precedents, including the two term limit, although this was not an official law.
1
Jay’s Treaty was signed, giving up the US right to neutrality on the seas.
1
Pinckney’s Treaty was signed, giving the US free access to the Mississippi and established the boundary between the US and Spanish Florida.
1
Whiskey Rebellion occurred over farmers refusing to pay a tax on liquor. It was quickly quelled.
1
The French Revolution began.
1
Battle of Fallen Timbers was fought, in which Anthony Wayne defeated Indian tribes.
1
Elijah Whitney patented the cotton gin, which had a large effect on the south.
1
The Proclamation of Neutrality declared the US impartial towards warring European countries
1
A fugitive slave law was passed, allowing the recapture of escaped slaves in other states.
1
Secretaries Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson quarreled, resulting in each’s resignation.
1
wife, Abigail Adams, was an early feminist.
2
was a lawyer and diplomat, dealing with the Dutch and French during the revolution, and served as vice president for 2 terms under Washington.
2
defended the British in the Boston Massacre.
2
1st to be president in the White House.
2
XYZ affair
2
Alien and Sedition Acts
2
The Logan Act outlawed private negotiations for the US government.
2
Midnight Justices
2
died on the 4th of July. His last words were “Jefferson still lives.”
2
wife was Martha Wayles Skelton, a widow and mother before he married her.
3
was a man of culture who played the violin, knew Latin and Greek, and was ambidextrous.
3
served as minister to France and was secretary of state under Washington
3
the only vice president to be of a different party.
3
The first to give an inaugural in Washington
3
I tied my vice president Aaron Burr, forcing the house to vote 36 times before declaring me the winner.
3
Monticello.
3
The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the US.
3
Lewis and Clark were sent to map the newly bought Louisiana Territory.
3
The US fought Barbary States in the Tripolitan War.
3
The Chesapeake Affair occurred when a British ship impressed members of the Chesapeake.
3
The Embargo Act stopped trade with all foreign nations. It was replaced by the Non-Intercourse Act, which stopped trade with Britain and France.
3
abolished the importation of slaves.
3
died on the 4th of July just a few hours before Adams’ death.
3
wife, Dolley Madison, presided over the first inaugural ball in Washington.
4
was known as the Father of the Constitution .
4
repealed the Non-Intercourse Act, and replaced it with Macon’s Bill No. 2.
4
The War of 1812 was fought. The White House burned down during the war.
4
The Star-Spangled Banner was written.
4
The Hartford Convention was a meeting of Federalists that opposed the war.
4
chartered the 2nd Bank of the US.
4
wife, Elizabeth Kortright, saved Madame Lafayette from prison and possible execution.
5
“Era of Good Feelings”
5
The First Seminole War was fought
5
My doctrine was about Europeans settling in the Americas(opposed it)
5
The Missouri Compromise banned slavery in the northern Louisiana Territory.
5
The US annexed Florida in the Adams-Onis Treaty.
5
was voted for a second term unanimously except for one vote.
5
resettled free slaves in Liberia. Its capital is named after this pres
5
The Underground Railroad was formed.
5
The Rush-Bagot agreement disarmed the Great Lakes.
5
wife, Louisa Catherine Johnson, was the only first lady born outside the United States. She was criticized for being British, but was born to an American father.
6
son of a previous president and ran under a different party than Pops.
6
Nicknamed “Old man eloquent”
6
negotiated the acquisition of Florida.
6
was the chief negotiator in the treaty of Ghent, which ended the war of 1812.
6
was minister to several countries, including Russia and Great Britain.
6
The House of Representatives elected me by one vote over the more popular Andrew Jackson.
6
The Tariff of Abominations was passed. It was an unpopular compromise.
6
The Erie Canal was completed.
6
The Panama Congress occurred.
6
served in the house after the presidency until his death, the only president to do so.
6
wife, Rachel Jackson, was not legally divorced when this president married her due to a bureaucratic mistake. This scandal, used in the campaign against this president, was an insult to his wife which he never forgave.
7
fought in the Revolutionary war, the war of 1812, and the First Seminole War.
7
was known as the “Hero of New Orleans” due to his role in the great American victory in the Battle of New Orleans.
7
was nicknamed “Old Hickory” because he was supposedly as tough as hickory.
7
was supposedly the “Champion of the Common Man”
7
The Kitchen Cabinet was a group of people that this president consulted in place of his regular cabinet.
7
created the Spoils System, which was the practice of giving jobs to those that the winner favored.
7
The Peggy Eaton Affair happened when Peggy O’Neal had an affair with Secretary of War John Eaton.
7
Richard Lawrence, a mentally ill unemployed painter, attempted to assassinate this president, but both of his pistols misfired. This was the first assassination attempt on a president.
7
opposed the 2nd National Bank and blocked its recharter.
7
was the first president to have a budget surplus.
7
The Nullification Crisis occurred when the South attempted to nullify a federal tax.
7
The Black Hawk War occurred when the US fought Black Hawk’s band of Native Americans.
7
wife, Hannah Hoes, died before Van Buren became president. Little is known about her.
8
The Panic of 1837, the first major depression, occurred.
8
The Independent Treasury System came into existence.
8
The Aroostook War happened over a border dispute between Maine and Canada.
8
ran again after being president as a candidate of the Free-Soil Party.
8
Morse patented the telegraph during my term.
8
was nicknamed “The Red Fox of Kinderhook” after the town where he was born.
8
The Texas Question, in which Texas applied for statehood, occurred. Texas wasn’t admitted due to concerns over slavery.
8
The Second Seminole war occurred.
8
wife, Letitia Christian, was the first wife of a president to die in the White House.
10
married Julia Gardiner, a woman 30 years younger than him while he was president. First president to marry in the white house.
10
wife, Anna Tuthill Symmes, never made it to the White House because Harrison died early.
9
was the first president to be born an American citizen.
9
cultivated a common cider-drinkers image despite his affluent origins, which helped him win.
9
was nicknamed “Old Tippecanoe” after his victory in the battle of Tippecanoe over Tecumseh. The campaign slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too” became popular, incorporating Vice President Tyler.
9
Amistad Decision made, pardoning Africans of Amistad rebellion.
9
had the longest inauguration speech of any president. died of pneumonia he caught due to the speech. had the shortest term of any president.
9
was nicknamed “His Accidency” because he ‘accidentally’ became president.
10
set the tradition of the right of succession when the president dies.
10
All but one member of his cabinet resigned to protest the veto of the 3rd bank of the US. Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, was the only cabinet member who remained.
10
His party disowned him, making him the only president without a party.
10
He settled the Northeast Boundary Dispute with the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
10
Opened trade to China in the Treaty of Wanghia.
10
The Princeton Explosion occurred, killing the secretary of the navy and state when a gun misfired.
10
The first telegraph message was sent.
10
died as a member of the Confederate House of Representatives, technically the only president to not die in the US.
10
wife, Sarah Childress, obtained a higher education at a boarding school and offered the president covert political advice. She had no children.
11
was nicknamed “Young Hickory” after his mentor, Andrew Jackson.
11
was the first dark horse to be president.
11
The Walker Tariff was created.
11
The Independent Treasury Act was passed, promoting the independent treasury system from Van Buren.
11
The Oregon Treaty/Treaty of Washington was passed, settling the Oregon border dispute with Great Britain.
11
“54’ 40’ or fight” was a popular slogan during the dispute with Britain over the Oregon border.
11
The Mexican War was fought during his term.
11
Texas, Iowa, and Wisconsin were annexed
11
The Wilmot Proviso excluded slavery from newly acquired Mexican territory but was never passed.
11
The Seneca Falls Convention for women’s rights took place.
11
Polk had the shortest retirement of any president that did not die in office.
11
wife Margaret Mackall Smith, nicknamed Peggy, opposed her husband’s bid for the presidency because she was forced to go to Washington. She took no part in social functions as part of a vow made during the Mexican war.
12
was nicknamed “Old Rough ‘n Ready”
12
was a career soldier. He was a famous general in the Mexican War.
12
The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty making canals between oceans neutral areas was passed.
12
Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery.
12
Although he was a strong Union supporter, his only son Richard served as a confederate general.
12
wife, Abigail Powers, was the first wife of a president to hold a job after marriage.
13
Commodore Perry went to Japan to open trade relations.
13
The Compromise of 1850 was passed.
13
The controversial Fugitive Slave Law was passed as part of the compromise.
13
brought in the first presidential library and bathtub.
13
Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
13
Isaac Singer patents sewing machine.
13
Declined an honorary degree from Oxford because he thought his name was funny.
13
ran again in the the American party, popularly called the Know-Nothing party.
13
proposed uniforms for the cabinet.
5
The Fries Rebellion occurred when John Fries attacked tax collectors.
2
Fulton’s steamboat Clermont made its first voyage on the Hudson.
3