Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/11

Click to flip

11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In hx. Past hx of these has been associated with denial of participation
Dizziness with exercise
Hx of asthma
Body mass index (BMI)
blood pressure(systolic)
See
Heart Murmur
Musculoskeletal Examination
Common causes of Sudden Death During Exertion in Young Subjects
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Anomalous coronary artery origin and course
Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease
Idiopathic concentric left ventricular hypertrophy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Symptoms:
palpitations, syncope, chest pain, dyspnea on exertion.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Exam:
high frequency systolic ejection murmur at left
lower sternal border; increased with Valsalva,
decreased with squatting.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Diagnostic tool
echocardiogram
Congenital Coronary Artery Anomalies
Symptoms:
extertional chest pain or syncope.
Congenital Coronary Artery Anomalies
Diagnosis:
angiogram
Marfan’s Syndrome
Diagnosis
Diagnosis need 2 of 4 major features:

Family history
Cardiovascular abnormality (aortic aneurysm, mitral valve prolapse, congenital heart failure symptoms).
Musculoskeletal abnormality (arm span more than height, kyphoscoliosis, anterior thoracic deformity).
Ocular abnormality (ectopic lens, myopia).
If suspected should get genetic and cardiology consults (including echocardiogram).
Coronary Artery Disease:
Consider stress testing for these demographics
males over 45; females over55
risk factors: diabetic, smoker, family hx, chol,

exertional pain, syncope, palpatations
T or F. Aortic stenosis-often results in sudden death, with or without exercise.
T
Idiopathic long QT Syndrome
QT interval greater than 440 milliseconds

May produce syncope or near syncope.

Frequency suspected in cases of sudden death in athletes without structural heart problems