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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The invention which primarily distinguishes the prehistoric era from the historic era is
writing
Select the correct chronological order for the appearance of the hominids from the earliest to the latest.
Cro-magnon, Neanderthal, Homo habilis
Agriculture first arose in China.
False, in the middle easy
One of the most significant features of Neolithic art was that:
it showed how closely early humans lived in relationship to nature
Agriculture first arose in 2000 BCE.
False
Which of the following is true with regards to the rights of slaves in Babylonian society?
Slaves could sometimes earn or purchase their freedom.
The geographical features of Mesopotamia contributed to the lack of stability because
there were no natural barriers to protect the city-states from outside invaders
Cuneiform is
a form of writing in wedge-shaped letters
From The Epic of Gilgamesh, readers can understand that the Mesopotamian's view on life and death was:
pessimistic and fearful
The basis of punishment in the Code of Hammurabi, where the penalty was meant to fit the crime, was:
an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
Where did Agriculture begin?
Agriculture appeared in the Middle East by 8,000 BCE
The Paleolithic Era
era is known as the OLD STONE AGE because the tools that were used were made of stone, and were of a very crude nature.
What does Paleolithic mean?
is from the Greek; the suffix "lith" means stone
What is Paleontology
The Study of Fossils
What is paleoanthropology?
a subdivision of paleontology, involves the study of artifacts,
Which of the following is true with regards to the rights of slaves in Babylonian society?
Slaves could sometimes earn or purchase their freedom.
The geographical features of Mesopotamia contributed to the lack of stability because
there were no natural barriers to protect the city-states from outside invaders
Cuneiform is
a form of writing in wedge-shaped letters
From The Epic of Gilgamesh, readers can understand that the Mesopotamian's view on life and death was:
pessimistic and fearful
The basis of punishment in the Code of Hammurabi, where the penalty was meant to fit the crime, was:
an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
One of the main benefits of the rise of agriculture to the advancing of human civilization was
it allowed humans to stay in one place and build settlements
In The Epic of Gilgamesh, the first Mesopotamian man who survived the flood and then became immortal is
Utnapishtim
The Rock of Behistun
enabled linguists to decipher cuneiform
A ziggurat is
a temple and the center of most Mesopotamian city-states
The prehistoric cave paintings at Lascaux mostly show
large animals, such as reindeer and bison
The word "Mesopotamia" means
land between two rivers
The culture responsible for the creation of the Paleolithic art of Lascaux was
Cro-Magnon
The flood in The Epic of Gilgamesh was sent by the gods because
Humans were making too much noise and annoyed the gods
The Paleolithic era refers to
The Old Stone Age, when early humans used crude stone tools and survived by hunting
Homo erectus was the first hominid to
use fire
Zoroastrianism proposed that there was
good and evil were in conflict, and that humans would be judged by their deeds
The distinguishing features of Neanderthals and their culture were
dwelling in caves in small bands, hunting, and using stone tools
The Neolithic era refers to
The New Stone Age, when early humans developed agriculture and began living in urban centers
A likely reason for the pessimism and relative difficulty of life in Mesopotamia was that
resources were scarce, and competition between city-states meant frequent warfare
The skilled hunters who herded animals together, chased them off cliffs, and harvested their flesh were
Cro-Magnon
The skilled hunters who herded animals together, chased them off cliffs, and harvested their flesh were
Cro-Magnon
According to the Code of Hammurabi, a woman
had rights less than those of the slaves
The legendary historical figure Gilgamesh was king of
Uruk
The character Enkidu in The Epic of Gilgamesh is
a part-human, part-beast creature who fights then befriends Gilgamesh
The prehistoric era is distinguished from the historic era by
the invention of writing.
The Mesopotamian king who suffered from a debilitating mental illness called lycanthropy was
Nebuchadnezzar
Which of the following is true with regards to the rights of slaves in Babylonian society?
Slaves could sometimes earn or purchase their freedom.
The geographical features of Mesopotamia contributed to the lack of stability because
there were no natural barriers to protect the city-states from outside invaders
Cuneiform is
a form of writing in wedge-shaped letters
From The Epic of Gilgamesh, readers can understand that the Mesopotamian's view on life and death was:
pessimistic and fearful
The basis of punishment in the Code of Hammurabi, where the penalty was meant to fit the crime, was:
an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth