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7 Cards in this Set

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Just work through the set of cards to revises some key points
Historians' statements about prehistoric medicine are usually based on ancient archaeological discoveries.
The defining characteristic of prehistoric societies is that the people of these societies could not write
Most prehistoric peoples were nomadic
The primitive technology of prehistoric peoples put them at the mercy of the elements, and led to a system of beliefs that saw humankind as being at the mercy of unpredictable spirits.
Such ideas led to a world in which spiritual rituals and the shaman, or witch-doctor, dominated medicine
We can assume they knew little about the inner workings of the body
It is possible that prehistoric people believed that life and the functions of the body were determined by the spirits ('animism')
Archaeologists have certainly found examples of trephined (or trepanned) skulls in excavations of prehistoric sites.
There is no archaeological evidence that proves how prehistoric people diagnosed or treated illness
The Australian Aborigines of recent times diagnosed disease in a purely spiritual way
It therefore seems possible, although it's impossible to prove, that prehistoric shamans diagnosed and treated disease in similar ways.
It's possible that prehistoric people knew and used plants and various substances to cure disease
The Native Americans of the 19th century knew of more than 100 herbs and substances that had healing properties.
Prehistoric people would not have had any concept of public health
It's unlikely that they had any idea of personal health either. There is no evidence that primitive peoples understood that there was any link between dirt and disease
Primitive peoples knew next to nothing about the true nature of disease
Primitive peoples that survive in the modern age seem to have built up a system of skills and behaviours that keeps them healthy in their environment