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29 Cards in this Set

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period of time between conception and birth during which the baby is developing and growing within the uterus
pregnancy
means before birth
antepartum
period between labor & birth
intrapartum
means after birth
postpartum
gestation period defined as beginning of week 38 to end of week 42
term pregnancy
gestation period defined as beginning of week 20 to end of week 37
preterm pregnancy
gestation period defined as beyond end of week 42
post-term pregnancy
means a woman who is pregnant
gravida
means to give birth
para
a woman who is pregnant for their first time
primigravida
a woman who has been pregnant more than once
multigravida
a woman who has never been pregnant
nulligravida
a woman who has given birth to their first child
primipara
a woman who has given birth to multiply children
multipara
a woman who has not given birth
nullipara
describe GTPAL 5 digit system
G gravida (# of pregnancies)
T term pregnancies (# of pregnancies to term)
P preterm pregnancies (# of pre-term pregnancies)
A abortions - # of elective or spontaneous abortions after 20 weeks
L living children - # of living children
What is my GTPAL
11001
method for determining due date
Nagele's Rule
Nagele's Rule Equation
EDD = (LMP + 7 days) - 3 months
decreased amount of amniotic fluid is referred to as
oligohydramnios (less than 400 cc)
increased amount of amniotic fluid is referred to as
polyhydramnios (greater than 2,000 cc)
3 parts of umbilical cord
1 large vein
2 smaller arteries
Wharton's jelly
functions as a means of metabolic & nutrient exchange btwn fetus & mother
placenta
4 placental hormones
hCG
Progesterone
Estrogen
hPL
ensures function of ovarian corpus luteum & basis for pregnancy tests
hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
hormone essential for pregnancy
Progesterone
stimulates breast development in preparation for lactation
HPL (human placental lactogen)
causes enlargement of breasts, breast glandular tissue & uterus
measuring this determines placental function
contributes to start of labor process
estrogen
5 metabolic functions of the placenta
respiration (fetal lungs)
nutrition
excretion
passive immunity
dependent on maternal BP supplying circulation