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171 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CF calcium
calc/o hypercalcemia
cf humpback
kyph/o kyphosis
cf lamina
lamin/o laminectomy
cf curve swayback
lord/o lordosis
cf loins lower back
lumb/o
lumbar lumbosacral
cf bone marrow
myel/o myelopathy
cf straight
orth/o orthopedic
cf bone
oste/o osteotitis osteoarthritis
cf crooked bent
scoli/o
scoliosis
cf vertebra
spondyl/o
spondyloitis spondylosis
cf vertebra
vertebr/o vertebral
suffix embryonic or immature cell
blast osteoblast
suffix to break
clast osteoclast
suffix slipping
listhesis spondylolisthesis
suffix softening
malacia osteomalacia
suffix to grow
physis epiphysis
suffix pore passage
porosis osteoporosis
suffix instrument to cut
tome osteotome
acetabulum
acetabul/o
acetabular
calcaneus
calcane/o
calcaneal
carpals wrist bones
carp/o
calpal
clavicle collar bone
clavicul/o
supraclavicular
ribs
cost/o
subcostal
cranium skull bones
crani/o craniotomy
femur
femor/o
femoral
fibular smaller leg bone
fibul/o
humerous upper arm bone
humer/o
upper part of pelvic bone ilium
ili/o iliac
ishium
ishi/o ishial
malleolus
malleol/o malleolar
malleolus
malleol/o malleolar
maxilla upper jaw bone
maxill/o maxillary
mandible lower jaw bone
mandibul/o
mandibular
metacarpals hand bones
metacarp/o
metacarpectomy
metatarsals foot bones
metatars/o
metatarsalgia
olecran elbow
olecran/o
olecranal
patella knee cap
patell/o
subpatellar
pelvis hip bone
pelv/i
pelvimetry
fibula
perone/o
peroneal
phalanges finger bones
phalang/o
phalageal
pubis
pub/o
pubic
radius lower arm bone
radi/o
radial
scapula shoulder bone
scapul/o
scapular
sternum breast bone
stern/o
sternal
tarsals bones of the hind foot
tars/o
tarsectomy
tibia shin bone
tibi/o
tibial
ulna lower arm bone
uln/o
ulnar
General Joint terms
gjt
crooked bent stiff
ankyl/o
ankylosis
joint
arthr/o
arthroplasty
joint
articul/o
articular cartilage
bursa
burs/o
bursitis
cartilage
chondr/o
chondromalacia
ligament
ligament/o
ligamentous
watery flow
rheumat/o
rheumatologist
synovial
synov/o
synovitis
tendon
ten/o
tendinitis
suffixes
joint
bind together tie together
desis
arthrodesis
narrowing
stenosis
spinal stenosis
embryonic immature cell
blast
osteoblast
break
clast
osteoclast
slipping
listhesis
spondylolisthesis
softening
malacia
osteomalacia
to grow
physis
epiphysis
pore passage
porosis
osteoporosis
instrument to cut
tome
osteotome
an enzyme produced by several organs, liver and intestines.
Alkaline Phospatase ALP
What does high AlP levels diagnose?
bone disorders
The rate at which red blodd cells settle in a tube of unclotted blood is called?
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESR
What does an elevated ESR indicate?
inflammation
what is used to distinguish rheumatiod arthritis fron other disorders?
blood test
what is Rhumatoid factor
a blood test
Name some Aspiration tests
arthrocentesis bone marrow aspiration lumbar punture
puncturing of a joint space to aspirate synovial fluid or to remove accumulated fluid
arthrocentesis
bone marrow biopsy, aspiration of bone marrow through a needle forced through outer cortex of flat bone sternum or iliac crest
bone marrow aspiration
sample of cerebrospinal fluid removed through needle from subarachnoid space suttounding spinal cord
lumbar punture
radiologic procedures or x-rays, radiographs to examine a bone for disease or fracture
Bone X-ray
scan using x-rays at multipe angles, computer analysis provides total picture of bone
computerized tomography scan CT
contrast dye injected into a joint space to observe interior of joint CT scan records images of joint
arthrography
noninvasive technique uses x-rays to measure bone mineral density (osteoporosis) the analyzed by computer
bone desitometry
scan help detect bony metastasis benign desease fractures avasular necrosis and infection x-rays
bone scan
DEXA low-exposure radiographic measurement early signs of osteoporosis
dual x-ray absoptiometry
radiologic exam of spinal column after admin of contrast material
myelography
test to determine rate of blood flow to bone, cell activity, bone inujuries, tumors arthritis and metabolic bone diseases
radionuclide scanning
fiberoptic viewing tube inserted into joint knee
arthroscopy
removal of piece of bone containing intact marrow
bone marrow aspiration
ecectromagnetic field and radio wavers transfer images of soft tissue
magnetic resonance imaging MRI
Name some spinal surgeries
diskectomy laminectomy spinal fusion
surgical removal of intervertebral disk
diskectomy
surgical removal of lamina from a vertebra
laminectomy
procedure immobilize part of spine by joining together two or more vertebrae
spinal fusion
aligning the bone fragments without opening skin manual alignment
closed reduction
alignment bone fragments making an incision into site
open reduction
system of weights and pulleys to immobilize and relieve pressue on a fractured bone
traction
removable appliance that immobilizes restrains and supports area
splint
rigid dressing placed aroundpart to support immobilize and protect to heal
cast
also known as stabilization, act of holding or fastening bone with strapping or cast
immobilization
fracture treatment with pins placed through soft tisuuue and bone so an external appliance can be used
external fixation
surgical procedure allows surgeon to align fractured bone and apply internal fixation devices
internal fixation
another name for internal fixation
ORIF open reduction with internal fixation
drugs used to control pain reduce inflammation side effects blood thinning and gastric upset
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAID's
ibuprofen
Motrin Advil Nuprin
naproxen
Naprosyn Aleve
sulindac
Clinoril
diclofenac
Voltaren
piroxicam
Feldene
ketoprofen
Orudis
diflunisal
Dolobid
nabumetone
Relafen
etodolac
Lodine
oxaprozin
Daypro
indomethacin
Indocin
controls pain and lowers fever without side effects of NSAIDs does not reduce inflammation and swelling
aceteminophen
some acetaminophens
Aspirin-Free Excedrin Tylenol
medicenes control pain and inflammation of osteoarthritis and rheumatiod arthritis reduced side effects of NSAIDs
COX-2inhibitors
some COX-2 inhibitors
rofecoxib Vioxx
celecoxib Celebrex
anti-inflammatory drug pain relief swelling arthritis and injuries
aspirin
antipyretic compound does what?
reduces fever
what is an antipyrectic compound
aspirin
what helps protect against stomach upset
enteric-coated aspirin
Name some enteric-coated aspirins
Anacin Bayer Bufferin Ecotrin St. Josephs
radioactive substance injected and scan reads radioactive distribution
bone scan
noninvasive method for quantitating bone mineral content osteoporosis infants
dual photon absorptiometry
uses energy beams imaging technique
x-ray
small vascular canals run longitudinally through osseous tissue through blood vessels ramify in bone
haversian canals
break through the bones of the hand that form the knuckles
Boxer's fracture
entire inner rim of the medial meniscus Knee pads is torn another name is
Tahoe fracture or buckethandle fracture
fracture of the bones of the eye socket
blowout fracture
violent comnpressive load resulting in failure of anterior and middle columns of the vertebrae bertebral height is significantly decreased
Burst Fracture
oblique detachment of a iece from the head of the radius
chisel fracture
shelling off of cartilage with a small fragment of bone from the upper surface of the capitellum humeri
cleavage fracture
fracture in which the bone is perforated by a missile also called perforating
buttonhole fracture
an inheritable disorder of connective tissue that affects the skeletal system
Marfan Syndrome
disorder in which a fragment of cartilage and subchondral bone separates from an articular surface knee or ankle
osteochondritis dissecans
genetic disorder of the connective tissue that affects skeleton lungs eyes heart and blood vessels
Marfan syndrome
disorder that causes three seemingly unrelated symptoms arthritis redness of the eyes and urinary tract signs
Reiter's syndrom
hereditary disease that mainly affects growing boys,postural abnormality of the spine acute pain in the upper back
Scherermann's disease
shoulder seperation
AC Joint acromioclavicular joint
projection of the scapula shoulder blade that forms the point of the shoulder
acromion
hip replacement
acetabular cementing
Intraarticular fracture dislocations of the base of the first metacarpal
Bennett's fracture
circumscribed thickening of the keratin layer of the epidermis as a result of repeated friction
calcaneal thickening
skin disorder and joint conditions tips of fingers or toes
psoritatic arthritis
presence of less than normal amout of bone may preclude osteoporosis
osteopenia
short walking brace designed for ankle injuries
Aircast boot
Anti-Nuclear Antibody Test for Lupus
ANA test
stabalizing ligament in the knee connecting the tibia to the femur
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
another name for ACL
anterior drawer sign
joint pain
arthralgias
results from temporary or permanent loss of blood supply to the bones collapse of bones or joints
avascular necrosis
occurs when an injury causes a ligament or tendon to tear away
avulsion fracture
refers to opposite side of the body
contralateral
test for hip arthritis
FABER test
inflammation of the plantar fascia
fasciitis
knock knee deformity
genu valgum
collection of nerve cells is removed
ganglionectomy
shoulder's ball and socket
glenohumeral
part of scapula that joins with the humeral head to form glenohumeral joint
glenoid fossa
blood within a joint space
hemarthrosis
precursory indication of a malady
Homans sign
Injection into knee joint to provide long-term relief natural synovial fluid
Hyalgan injection
also known as rotator cuff injury
impingement syndrome
rotator cuff muscle
infrasinatus
electrostimulation treatment
ionophoresis
spinal brace
Jewett hyperextension brace
injections for arthritis allergy a steroid
kenalog
knee injury
lateral collateral ligament
knee scope knee arthroscopy
lateral rentinacular release
disk tissue almost disappears and bone of adjacent vertebrae is ground appears polished
lumbosacral disk space narrowing
projection at bone at ankle joint
malleolus