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28 Cards in this Set

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multi-
many, much

examples: multiarticular--relating to or involving many joints; multicellular--composed of many cells
hemi-
half

example: hemiageusia--loss of taste from one side of the tongue
macro-
large

example: macrodontia--the state of having abnormally large teeth; macroglossia--an abnormally large tongue
ad-
toward
micro-
small

example: microcardia--abnormal smallness of the heart
post-
after

examples: postmenopausal--after menopause; posthypnotic--following hypnosis; postnatal--after birth
hyper-
excessive

example: hyperemesis--excessive vomiting; hyperglycemia--an abnormally high concentration of glucose in the circulating blood, seen especially in patiens with diabetes mellitus
super-
upper, above
a-
without
epi-
above, upon

example: epidural--along or outside the dura mater; epifacial--upon the surface of the facia, denoting injecting of drugs into the facia lateral rather than into the muscle
intra-
in, within
ab-
from, away from
mono-
one

examples: monoamelia--absence of one limb; monocular--relating to, affecting, or visible by one eye only
trans-
across, through
primi-
first

example: primipara--giving birth for the first time;
ultra-
excess, beyond
peri-
around
tri-
three

example: triamelia--absence of three limbs;
allo-
other, differing from the usual
quadri-
quadru-
quadra-
four

examples: quadriplegia--paralysis of all four limbs; quadruplet--one of four babies born at one birth; quadrangular--having four angles
infra-
below, under
poly-
many, much

example: polyadenitis--inflammation of many lymph nodes, especially with reference to the cervical group
inter-
between

examples: interarticular--between two joints or joint surfaces; interatrial--between the atria of the heart
semi-
one half

examples: semicartilaginous--composed partly of cartilage; semicircular--forming half a circle
bi-
two, double

examples: bicameral--having two chambers, denoting esp. an abscess dividd by a more or less complete septum; biceps--a muscle with two origins or heads, commonly used to refer to the bicips brachii
hypo-
under, below, deficient

examples: hypoglycemia--symptoms resulting from low blood glucose; hypodontia--fewer than the normal complement of teeth
sub-
under, below

examples: subcutaneous--under the skin; subabdominal--below the abdomen
pre-
before

examples: preclinical--before the onset of disease; prenatal--before birth