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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is psychology?
The scientific study of behavior?
What is the natural science approach?
Endeavors to study the objective variables that determine behavior
What are the three general themes in the book?
1- all behavior is determined by a combination of evolutionary, physiological, and environmental variables

2- many traditional explanations of behavior are fundamentally inadequate and therefore will likely not produce an effective behavior-change technology

3- an effective behavior-change technology derived from a natural science approach and based on manipulation of environmental variables has been developed
What is the overall objective of the book?
To teach students of psychology to think critically/scientifically about the topic of behavior
How is the book organized?
Contains 13 chapters divided into three sections
What are the three general sections?
1- Scientific Psychology
2- Behavioral causation
3-Applications of Scientific Psychology
What is the Scientific Psychology section about?
Introduces relationship between psychology and science.

Provides students with standards by which to judge info.

Presents overview of most important practices of science.
What is the Behavioral Causation section about?
Considereds at three different levels what causes humans and other organisms to behave as they do.

1. Genetic (evolutionary)
2. Physiological
3. Environmental
Evolution determines the range of behaviors that members of a species can acquire and their ease of acquisition.
role that the central nervous system plays in determining behavior.

Brain-behavior interactions
How behavior is affected by events outside the organism

Operant conditioning
What is the Applications of Scientific Psychology section about?
Deals with topics traditionally of importance to psychologists.

E.g. human language, cognitive phenomena, human development, traditional content areas (intelligence, personality, social psychology)
What is the caveat?
The book material may be difficult, but so is science.

Concepts of scientific psychology may clash with everyday conceptions in which behavior is assumed to be solely the result of mental activity.
What two things are required of the student?
-Willingness to accept an analysis of human behavior that shares little with commonsense notions

-Willingness to accept the fact that even though human behavior is complex, it can still be explained as a function of objective variables
What are helpful organizational tools in the book?
-all important terms in bold face
-chapter outline
-chapter summary
-chapter study questions
Why do scientists make claims that are tentative and testable?
Scientists recognize that observations are not exact and it is not easy to detect or summarize important relationships among variables.
Is science self-correcting?