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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is a cyst?
an epitheleal -lined, fluid filled mass in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue
what is lymphoma?
growth of metastatic tumor, primary malignant neoplasm
what are the different methods of examination?
direct observation
palpation (digital, bidigital, bimanual, bilateral)
what can changes in the oral tissue indicate?
a subclinical disease in other parts of the body
what is a bulla?
a fluid-dilled skin elevation greater than 1 cm in diameter
name three procedures that need to be done in preparation of the exam
*reveiw the patients record
*reveiw current radiographs on viewbox
*explain procedure to be performed
what is a biopsy?
removal and examination, usually by micrscope of a section of tissue or other material from the living body for purposes diagnosis. can be done by: excisional, incisional, and transepithelial (brush)
what is the current concept of patient care?
treat the total patient not just the oral cavity and to treat the oral cavity not just the teeth
describe the appearance of early cancer
white area (white patch that can't be scraped off)
red areas, ulcers(flat, raised, indurated)and pigmentation
when distinguishing the lesion's location and extent what must be considered?
is the lesion localized, generalized, a single lesion or multiple lesions?
what is a plaque?
a flat, round area greater then 1cm in diameter
what is a cytological smear?
follow-up for radiation patients
identifies candidiasis and herpes virus
detects only surface lesions
produced false negatives
a depressed lesion is below the level of skin. Name 4 types
superficial, deep, ulcer(gray with red border), erosion (shallow)
what must be recorded in the patients about their extra/intra exam?
location, extent, size, color, surface texture, consistency, morphology and history
what is a tumor?
a solid raised mass larger than 1 cm in diameter with the dimension of depth
name three morphologic categories
elevated, depressed, and flat
what surface texture is wart-like?
verrucous
name the different types of blisterform elevated lesions
vesicle, pustule, and bulla
what is a vesicle?
a circumscribed, fluid-filled skin elevation less than 1 cm in diameter
name the different types of non-blisterform elevated lesions
papule<5mm, nodule>5mm,
tumor>2cm
plaque>5mm
what is a papule?
an elevated solid lesion less than 1 cm in diameter
what are the most common sites for oral cancer?
floor of the mouth, lateral parts of the tongue, lower lip, and soft palate complex
how are lymph nodes spread?
they are spread by way of lymph system
what is a nodule?
a raised, solid mass with the dimension of depth and is less than 1 cm in diameter
what is a sign of a malignant disease?
nontender, hard, and involve multiple nodes
name a diagnostic aid
toluidine blue, identifies mucosal changes that may be malignant, and at risk patients
name the triangles of the neck
anterior, posterior, submental, submandibular, carotid, muscular, occipital, and subclavicular
desribe the pattern of lymph drainage
travels form superficial tissues head and neck to superficial nodes of the head and neck to deep cervical nodes to regional lymph nodes to central nodes to tertiary nodes
what is lymphadenitis?
acute or chronic response to an infectious organism
what is the sequence of examination?
overall patient
face
skin
eyes
nodes (pre and post auricular,occipital, submantal, submandibular, cervical chain, supraclavicular)
what is a pustule?
a vesicle filled with purulent exudate
what is an acute inflammatory condition?
tender, soft, enlarged, and freely moveable. Eventually thay turn into their normal size