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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
administrative division of govt. setup to carry out certain laws.
Agencies
accusation that has not been proven.
allegations
defendant's response to a complaint, made in a written statement and filed with court.
answer
to take a case to a higher court for rehearing
appeal
a court in which appeals from trial court decisions are heard.
appeals court
way of settling dispute without going to trial.
arbitration
first legal document filed in civil lawsuit
complaint
the level of proof required to convict a person of a crime (96-98%)
beyond a reasonable doubt
a non criminal lawsuit brought to enforce a right or redress a wrong
civil action
the formal process of making a police record of an arrest
booking
system in which court decisions established legal principles and rules of law
common law
claim made by a defendant against the plaintiff in a civil lawsuit
counter claims
voting individuals that are represented b an elected public official
constituents
person against whom a claim was made
defendant
pretial process of exchanging info btw. the opposing sides
discovery
a person cant be convicted twice for same crime
double jeopardy
every person involved in a legal dispute is entitled to a fair hearing or trial.
due process of law
5th and 14th
mistake made by judge
error of law
serious criminal offense, prison sent. more than 1 year
felony
federal govt. primary consumer protection agency
FTC
situation in which jury cannot reach a decision
hung jury
group of 12 to 23 people who hear preliminary evidence to decide if there is sufficient reason to formally charge a person with a crime
grand jury
grand jurys formal charge
indictment
process which courts decide whether the laws passed by congress are consitutional
judicial review
prosecution attorneys formal accusation of the defendant for supposedly commiting a crime
information
study of law and philosophy
jurisprudence
act of resolving a dispute btw. two or more parties
meditation
influencing legislators to take action to introduce a bill or vote a certain way on a proposed law
lobbying
rights and wrongs
morals
criminal offense less than one year
misdemeanor
people concerned with taking part in any legal matter
party
develops regulations governing health and safety on the job
OSHA
county or city law
ordinances
process of discussing an issue to reach a settlement
negotiation
requests made by one party to a lawsuit that a judge take away specific action or make decision
motions
court decisions on legal questions that guide future cases
precedent
in criminal case, negotiations btw. the prosecutor, defendant, and def's attorney
plea bargain
standard proof used in civil lawsuit
preponderance of evidence
may dismiss ceratin number of jurors without reason
peremptory challenge
issues are voted on directly by the citizens rather than by theirs rep's of govt.
referenda
side bringing a case against another party
prosecution
removal of any juror for fair verdict
removal for cause
rule made by govt. agency
regulations
laws enacted by legislatures
statue
both sides agree
stipulation
mutual agreement btw. both sides
settlement
courts that listen to testimony
trial courts
jurys decision on case
verdict
legally authorized process of taking a persons money generally by taking part of the persons wages in order to pay credits
garnishment
opposing lawyres question prospective jurors to get as favorable or as fair a jury as possible
voir dire
cheif justice of supreme court
william rehnquist