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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
We are influenced by... (5 things)
Social institutions
Cultural traditions
the evaluation of others from one’s own point of view
Emic vs. Etic
Emic- an emic-aproach is culture-specific

Etic- an etic-approach is cross-cultural
Emic vs etic approaches...
Emic- tries to understand ONE culture on its own terms

Etic- tries to find generalities among several cultures.
individualism vs. collectivism
Typical of Western societies
Strive to distinguish self as individual
Focus on the individual
Emphasize independence

Typical of Eastern societies
Focus on fundamental relatedness of all individuals
Focus on the group
Emphasize interdependence
The American dilemna
The paradoxical idea that slavery was allowed and endorsed despite the claim that the United States was founded on the principle that all men are created equal
the phenomenon that the higher a person’s SES, the lower that person’s risk of getting sick and dying prematurely
SES Gradient
common features among all known languages
linguistic universals
each individual’s own unique version of her/his native language

-The idiolect is a form of self-expression and so a part of personality
regional variations in vocabulary and syntactic forms
What is the difference between dialect and language?
1. National identity
Spanish and Portuguese are similar languages but Spaniards are not Portuguese

2. Historical relationships
We say we speak English but Britons would say we speak American
our interpretation of the world is largely dependent on the linguistic system by which we classify it
Linguistic relativity
Biculturalism: Two personalities?
Research has begun to support the idea that bilingual people have two “personalities” and behave in line with the language they are speaking at the time
Tests not dependent on culture
Attempt to control for or rule out effects that result from culture rather than individual differences
A test may see how quickly individuals respond to presentation of a stimulus such as a sound or picture
Culture-fair test
the threat that others’ judgments or their own actions will negatively stereotype them (and will lead to inadvertent confirmation of the stereotype)
Stereotype threat