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104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How is major depression diagnosed?
>2 wks and need 5 of "SIGE CAPS"
Sleep disturbances: wake in am
Interest/libido loss
Guilty feelings
Energy loss
Concentration loss
Appetite loss
Psychomotor agitation
suicide: hopelessness
autism: movement, verbal skills and bonding, onset of symptoms
repetative movements, lack of verbal skills and bonding, symptoms since birth
asperger's: verbal skills, relationships and IQ
good communication, imapaired relationships, no mental retardation
rett's: who is at risk? presentation (3), onset
only in girls, decreased head growth, lose motor skills, hand wringing, normal until 5 months
childhood degenerative disorder
kid stops walking/talking
selective mutism
kid talks sometimes
separation anxiety disorder
kid screams when mom leaves
conduct disorder
aggressive, disregard for rules, no sense of guilt, harms animals,illegal activity "the bite"
oppositional defiant disorder
defiant, non compliant, directed on authority "the bark"
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
overactivity, difficulty in school
dysthymia
low level of sadness >2yrs
cyclothymia
dysthymia with hypomania
double dpression
depression followed by dysthymia
bipolar I
depression and mania (psychosis)
bipolar II
depression and hypomania (no psychosis)
loose associations
ideas switch objects, incoherent
tangentiality
wanders off the point
circumstantiality
digresses, but finally gets back to the point
clanging
word sound like
word salad
unrelated combination of words
preservation
keep repeating the same word
neologisms
new words
delusion
false belief
illusion
misinterpretes stimulus
define hallucination, what are some of the causes?
false sensory perception, EtOH withdrawal/cocaine intoxication >>formication
nihilism
think that the world has stopped
loss of ego boundaries
not knowing where I and you begin
ideas of reference
believes that the media is monitoring you
thought blocking
stops mid sentence
thought broad casting
believes that everyone is reading your thoughts
thought insertion
believes others are putting thoughts into his head
thought withdrawal
believes others are taking thoughts out of his head
concrete thinking
can't interpret abstract proverbs, just sees the facts
synethesia
smells colors
cataplexy
loss of muscular movement, tone due to strong emotions
define paranoid personality disorder: what defense mechanism do they use?
suspicious about everything, uses projection
schizotypal personality disorder
magical thinking, bazzare behavior
schizoid personality disorder
"recluse" don't want to fit in
antisocial personality disorder
lie, steal, cheat, destroy property, impulsive w/o remorse, illegal activity
conduct disorder personality disorder
<15 y/o antisocial disorder
define histrionic personality disorder: what defense mechanism do they use?
theatrical, sexually provocative, use repression
define borderline personality disorder: what defense mechanism do they use?
"perpetual teenager", splitting (love/hate), projection, acting out, self- mutilation
narcissistic personality D/O
pompous, no empathy
define dependant personality disorder: what defense mechanism do they use?
clingy, submissive, low self-confidence, regression
define obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: what defense mechanism do they use?
perfectionist, doesn't show feelings, detail oriented, uses isolation
define avoidant personality disorder
socially withdrawn, aftraid of rejection but wants to fit in
kleptomania
steals for the fun of it
pyromania
starts fires
intermittent explosive disorder
loses self-control with out adequate reason
pathological gambling
can't stop gambling, affects others
trichotillomania
pull out their hair
lewy body dementia
stiff, visual halluciantions
normal pressure hydrocephalus
TrIAD= Incontinence, ataxia "magnetic gait", dementia
cause of korsakoff psychosis
alcoholic thiamine deficiency
describe vascular "multi-infarct" dementia: onset,
sudden onset, uneven progression of deficits, "stair step decline"
huntington's: location in the brain, type of disorder, presentation (2)
in caudate/putamen, triple repeat disorder, chreiform movements, change in personality
creutzfeldt-jacob: etiology, life expectancy
prion induced, die within one year, post cornea transplant
pick's disease: location brain and presentation
frontal lobe atrophy, disinhibition
alzheimer's: neurotransmitter/location in the brain, what are the three things that would be seen?
decrease Ach in nucleus of basalis of meynert, bad ApoE, amyloid plaques, tangles of tau
parkinson's: location in the brain, presentation (3), brain biopsy
in substantia nigra, bradykinesia, pill rolling tremor, shuffling gait, lewy bodies
somatization
think they have a different illness all the time (at least 4 organ systems)
hypochondriasis
they think they have the same illness all the time
body dysmorphic disorder
imagined physical defect
pain disorder
prolonged pain not explained by physical causes
conversion
neuro manifestation of internal conflict, indifferent to disability
malingering
fake illness for monetary gain , avoids medical treatment
factitious
fake illness to get attention, seeks medical treatment
munchausen
need to be the caregiver, mom fakes child's illness to get attention
munchausen by proxy
mom makes child ill for gain, move a lot
amnesia
can't recall important facts
dissociative fugue
no past, travel to new place, usually due to trauma
multiple personality disorder
have 5-10 alters, usually associated with incest
depersonalization disorder
"out of body" experiences, deja vu
sublimation
substitute acceptable for unacceptable (boxer vs. fighting)
imitation
dress like someone else
identification
act like someone else
displacement
take anger out on someone else
idealization
wait for "ideal spouse" while they are beating you up
transference
patient views doctor as parent
countertransference
doctor views patient as child
acting out
expression of impulse, "tantrums"
regression
immature behavior
rationalization
make excuses for all situations
intellectualization
act like a "know it all" to avoid feeling emotions
isolation affect
isolate feeling to keep on functioning
suppression
consciously block memory
define repression: who uses this defence mechanism
subconsciously block memory, historonic
reaction formation
unconsciously act the opposite of what you used to do to fix a wrong
undoing
doing the exact opposite of what you used to do to fix a wrong
compensation
doing something different of what you used to do
sadism
gives pain
masochism
receives pain
exhibitionism
exposure to others
voyeurism
watching other people without their permission
telephone scatalogia
phone sex
frotteurism
rub penis against fully clothed women
define transvestitite: identity crisis
dress up as opposite sex, no identity crisis
transsexual
gender identity crisis "man trapped in a woman's body"
fetish
objects (vibrators, dildos, shoes)
pedophile
children (watching child pornography)
necrophile
corpses
beastophile
animals
can you die during an EtoH withdrawal?
yes
can you die during an opiod withdrawal?
no, just very painful