Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Normal potassium level
3.5-5 mEq/L
Potassium regulates:
cell exitability and membrane potential for muscle contraction, cardic muscle contraction, and nerve impulse conduction
Potassium effects the cells:
electrical status
Potassium is in charge of the ICF___.
Potassium and insulin are required to:
move glucose into the ICF and for metabolism of carbs and proteins
Kidney's excrete about ___% of the body's potassium. The bowel and sweat glands excrete___%.
Potassium must be replaced:
___% of potassium is reabsorbed by the proximal tubule and loop of henle.
The___ secretes potassium and determines the amount of potassium excreted from the body.
distal tubule
___ plays a major factor in potassium regulation.
___ helps regulate plasma potassium by moving potassium into the liver and muscle cells.
The 7 possible causes of hypokalemia
diarrhea, GI suction and drainage, diuretics, some antibiotics, polyuria with diabetes, acute myelocytic leukemia, cushing's syndrome
Severe, even fatal, hypokalemia can result if___ is administered with out also providing K+ supplements.
The 7 possible causes of hyperkalemia
burns and renal failure, stored whole blood, addisons disease, interstitial nephritis, K+ sparing diuretics; excessive intake orally, meds, or IV, esp. with renal disease present, ACE inhibitors
Addisons disease
life threatening condition caused by partial or complete failure of adrenal cortex function
any one of a large group of diseases of the kidney. Characterized by inflammation and abnormal function
interstitial nephritis
inflammation of the interstitial tissue of the kidney
The 6 symptoms of hypokalemia
muscle weakness and cramps, fatigue, decreased tendon reflexes; postural hypotension, constipation, EKG change and arrythmia, confusion
The 4 symptoms of hyperkalemia
EKG changes and arrythmias; nausea, diarrhea, hyperactive bowel sounds with intermittent colic numbness/tingling of the face, tongue, feet, or hands, fatigue, drowsiness, irritability, mental confusion