Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Refers to forward or front part of the body or forward part of an organ.
anterior (ventral)
Refers to back part of a body or organ.
posterior (dorsal)
Refers to pars away from the head of the body.
caudad
Refers to parts toward the head of the body.
cephalad
Refers to nearer the head or situated above
superior
Refers to nearer the feet or situated below
inferior
Refers to parts toward the middle of another body part.
medial
Refers to parts away from the median plane of the body or away from the middle of another body part.
lateral
Refers to parts farthest from the point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning; toward the center of the body.
distal
Refers to parts nearer the point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning.
proximal
Refers to parts outside an organ or on the outside of the body.
external
Refers to parts within or on the inside of an organ.
interal
Refers to the palm of the hand.
palmar
Refers to sole of the foot
plantar
The path of the central ray as it exits the x-ray tube and goes through the patient to the IR.
projection
Refers to all projections in which the longitudinal angulation between the central ray and the long axis of the body part is 10 degrees or more.
axial projection
The central ray is directed toward the outer margin of a curved body surface to profile a body part just under the surface and project it free of superimposition.
tangential projection
A perpendicular central ray enters one side of the body or body part, passes transversely along the coronal plane, and e.xits on the opposite side
lateral projection
Used to identify the overall posture of the patient and the specific placement of the body part in relation to the radiographic table or IR.
postition
Erect or marked by a vertical position.
upright
Upright position in which the patient is sitting on a chair or stool.
seated
General term for referring to lying down in any position.
recumbant
Lying on the back.
supine
Lying face down.
prone
Supine position with the head tilted downward.
Trendelenburg's position
Supine position with the head higher than the feet.
Fowler's position
The assumed regualar position where the patient is parallel or perpendicular to the IR.
Lateral position
When the entire body or body part is rotated so that the coronal plane is not parallel with the radiographic table or IR.
Oblique position
The patient is lying down and the central ray is horizontal and parallel with the floor.
Decubitus position
Movement of a part away from the central axis of the body or body part.
abduct or abduction
Movement of a part toward the central axis of the body or body part.
adduct or adduction
Straightening of a joint; When both elements of the joint are in the anatomic position; the normal position of a joint.
extension
Act of bending a joint; the opposite of extension.
flexion
Rotation of the forearm so that the palm is down.
pronate/pronation
Rotation of the forearm so that the palm is up.
supinate/supination
A turning away from the regular standard of course.
deviation