Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chon-ji means literally the "Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This patterns consists of two similar parts - one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. There are 19 movements.
Dan-Gun represents the holy Dan-Gun, legendary founder of Korea in 2333 BC. There are 21 movements.
Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering education in Korea and the Korean independence movement.
Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD. There are 28 movements.
Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the great pilosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements refer to his birthplace on the 38th parallel and the diagram represents scholar.
Joong-Gun (Goon) is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in Lui-Sheng prison in 1910.
Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements represent his birthplace on the 37th parallel and the diagram represents scholar.
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division where Taekwondo developed into maturity.
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. This pattern ends with a left hand attack to symbolize his regrettable death. He was noted for his unrestrained loyalty to the King. There are 30 movements.
Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all of the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 AD, the year he came to the throne.
Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong-Mong-
Chu (1400) who was a famous poet. His poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country toward the end of the Koryo dynasty. There are 36 movements in the pattern Po-Eun.
Ge-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek-Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline. There are 44 movements.
The pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik, who dedicated his life to the Korean independence movement and the education of his people. The 39 movements signify his birthplace on the 39th parallel
The pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement of March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (|) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.
The pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th Century. This pattern ends with a left-handed attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.
The philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu Mountain.
Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.
Named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 AD, the year that Korean was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than the left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his king's orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.
Named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander in Chief of the Armed forces during the 14th Century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Lee dynasty.
Koryo is named after the Koryo Dynasty (918-1392). The form represents the cultivation of a strong conviction and unyielding spirit.
Named after Mt. Keumgang, a symbol of solidity. It is also the capacity to shun physical suffering through wisdom and virtue. The form is designed to fuse hardness and beauty, and in so doing, grace them with virtue. Keumgang also means "diamond".
Taebaek reprecents Mt. Baekdoo, where Korea was founded according to legent by Dan-Gun. It represents the source of Korean and the source of life.