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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Proximity Model
People vote for candidates who are ideologically closest to them.
Directional Model
people vote for candidates that they agree with the most on certain
Pocketbook Voting
People’s vote depends on personal gains and losses, “Better off now than you were four years ago” said Ronald Reagan (about personal economics)
Diffused Support
- based on broad emotive attachments (or peoples worries or emotions), your support for democracy becomes more stable as the government builds emotional attachment to democracy and what it stands for (can also be reversed).
Specific Support
support based on rational self interest
action or expression of sentiment that shows opposition of the “status quo”
Social Movement
sustained and organized protest mobilization
premeditated violence serving political purpose, usually through fear
Command Economy
The state controls the means of production; the means of production are based on the states detailed plan (or supply oriented). The state determines the value of products. The state determines who gets what, and has a paternalistic role in the market.
Shows how capitalism works on the “demand” side, consumer oriented / demand oriented, says that supply will take care of itself. (institutes more government involvement).
Shows how to make a capitalist economy work, is supply oriented, the government has little part. Producer oriented but every one benefits (trickle-down economics).
Developmental State
the positive role in a states growth/development, is a Weberian beurocracy with an embedded automy, export oriented and interested in human capital, and encouraged investment (GOOD)
Predatory State
Systematically exploits their own people to ensure the comfort of those in power (a.k.a. kleptocracy, vampire state, “social science’s black hole”) (BAD)
Liberal Welfare State
not much state interference and minimal social insurance, allows for charity
Conservative Welfare State
Usually Christian Democrats; think that people are human beings and it’s immoral to comodify them according to god’s law
Social Democratic Welfare State
Believes in human equality, dislikes comodification because in an economical sense it makes people unequal, has high taxes and supports welfare programs
world wide manifestation of economic liberalism (global trade)
Dependency Theory
Rich countries make poor countries depend on them economically, by limiting the poorer countries economics. Rich countries “help” the smaller countries but also help themselves get richer. Small countries can better themselves but it does not improve the world wide hierarchy *every ones a winner*
Government instituting economic protection by putting policies such as tariffs on goods to improve their own economy
Human Capital
Investing in education, training, and production to better the people/population
Sociotrophic Voting
being worried about the whole of economics when voting
World System theory
Says that all economies are part of a larger economic system, there are many political systems and cultures but the labor part of economics is defined geographically. Has a Tricotomy: 1. core, 2. periphery, 3. semi-periphery
is the rich countries in the tricotomy of a world system and in the dichotomy of the dependency theory. (United States, United Kingdom, and countries once colonized by the US or the UK).
Small countries (Latin America and India), that are poor and have been effected by the post industrial shift and cannot move up in the economic world because of the dependency theory. In the race to the bottom, these are the countries that the larger richer countries set up factories because it’s cheaper.