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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the purpose of article V of the constitution?
To propose new amendments to the constitution
What must congress do to propose an amendment?
2/3 Senate and 2/3 House
What do the states have to do to propose an an amendment?
2/3 state legislatures apply to form a constitutional convention
What must congress do to ratify an amendment?
3/4 state legislatures or 3/4 state conventions
What is article VI section 1 of the constitution?
Debts before the constitution are valid after the constitution
What is article VI section 2 of the constitution?
The Supremecy Clause, means US constitution and US statutory laws and treaties are supreme to all states and local government.
What is article VI secftion 3 of the constitution?
All goverment employees must take an oath to support the constitution and no religious test can be required.
What is article VII of the constitution?
established method to ratify original 7 articles
What was needed to ratify the original 7 articles?
9 or 13 states must ratify (approve) them
When was the "Bill of Rights" ratified and became rights?
1791
When was the beginning of the US and George Washington inaugurated?
April 30, 1789
What is the Bill of Rights?
Amendments 1-10 guaranteeing rights
What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights?
To limit the power of the federal government
What is preferred position doctrine?
1st amendment rights are higher that any others, any law that regulates the 1st amendment is unconstitutional
What is the Establishment Clause of the first amendment?
guarantees that the government will not create and/or support an official state religion
What is the Free Exercise Clause?
Congress shall make no law.....prohibiting the free exercise of religion.
What is the difference between the establishment clause and the free exercise clause?
Establishment (no gov. sponsored religion) free will (gov. can't interfer with a citizen exercising religion)
What was the Wall of Separation?
the separation of church and state, freedom to practice religion (wall) no state sponsored religion
What is the 14th Amendment?
...nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process by law
What is the US Militia Act 1903?
Set up the National Guard as a US Militia which could be drafted
What is the Uniform Militia Act 1792?
"Because the current army was not fighting well, Washington urged gov. to set up the Uniformed Militia enrolling every white male citizen 18-45."
What is the 2nd Amendment
right to have a militia and bear arms
What was the McCain - Feingold Act 2002?
prevents interest groups financed by corporate or union donations from airing TV/radio ads 2 months prior to election, news groups exempt
When was the US constitution ratified?
June 21, 1788
What is the Lemon Test?
gov. funds given to church school was constitutional if 1)had a secular (non religion) pupose 2)didn't advance religion 3)didn't entangle the gov. which the church