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57 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was the Stamp Act?
law imposed tax on anything printed, including documents, licenses, land titles, newspapers, playing cards
Before the Stamp Act did Americans pay taxes?
Yes, but they were primarily for local and service oriented
What action did the colonies take in regards to the Stamp Act?
They convene an assembly of all the colonies and drafted a unified response condemning the Stamp Act
What action did ordinary citizens take in regards to the Stamp Act?
they rebelled by actions like the Boston Tea Party
Stamp Act Congress
Representative of the colonies met to draft a document to the King listing how their rights were being violated.
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 4, 1776
Who signed the Declaration of Independence?
56 delegates from the 13 states, Madison, Franklin, Jefferson, Hamilton, Adams
Who wrote the original draft of the declaration?
Thomas Jefferson
Articles of Confederation
Agreement among the 13 states that ws the basis of their new government. Wasn't ratified by all States until 1781.
What did the Articles of Confederation not do?
didn't create a strong central government
What is a confederation?
Type of government where the national government gets power from the states. A league of independent states.
Who proposed the Virginia Plan (Large States)?
James Madison wrote it and Edmund Randolph presented it to the convention
What was the Virginia Plan?
calls for two-house congress which makes laws, overrule state laws, choses the executive & the judiciary
How is the legislature selected under the Virginia Plan?
the lower chamber is apportioned by population and the upper chamber is selected by the lower chamber from a lists created by each state
Why was there so much opposition to the Virginia Plan?
the plan weakened states rights and power
Who proposed the New Jersey Plan?
The small states and presented by William Patterson
What was the New Jersey Plan?
calls for a one-house legislature with one vote for one state, congress make laws & judiciary with limited powers
What major problem came up?
Couldn't agree on the legislature of either plan, sent plan to a congressional committee work out differences
What was the Great Compromise (Connecticut Plan)?
Compromise of the New Jersey Plan & Virginia plan that called for an uppper chamber which would have 2 members from each state and a lower house representation based on the population of each state
Who said "If men were angels, we wouldn't need government."
James Madison
What is checks and balances?
system in which each branch of government has some power and control to watch over the other branches
What is separation of powers?
dividing power of government into 3 branches, executive (president), legislative (congress), judiciary (courts)
What is a republic?
A government in which the people pick their leaders, a representative or indirect democracy.
What is federalism?
system of government where national and state governments get authority from the people
What is full faith and credit (Art IV Section 1)?
States must recognize other states laws (ex. if you get married in Texas, Oklahoma must recognize the marriage)
Citizen
Member of the political community to whom certain rights & obligations are attached.
Civil Society
Society created when citizens are allowed to organize & express their views publicly about public policy.
Extradition
to send someone back to another state to face criminal charges
What is article IV section 1 of the constitution?
Full Faith and Credit
What is article IV section 2 of the constitution?
Citizen rights are the same in all states (ex. if you commit a crime in one state and go to another state, they must send you back to face justice)
What is article IV section 4 of the constitution?
States are guaranteed a republic form of government
What is article IV section 3 of the constitution?
Only congress can admit new states, dispose of property, and is the state legislature for all protectorates
What is the purpose of article V of the constitution?
To propose new amendments to the constitution
What must congress do to propose an amendment?
Must have 2/3 votes of the Senate and 2/3 votes of the house to propose an amendment
What do the states have to do to propose an an amendment?
Must have 2/3 of the state legislatures apply to form a constitutional convention
What must congress do to ratify an amendment?
Must have 3/4 fo the state legislatures or 3/4 approval of the state conventions
What is article VI section 1 of the constitution?
Debts before the constitution are valid after the constitution
What is article VI section 2 of the constitution?
The Supremecy Clause, means US constitution and US statutory laws and treaties are supreme to all states and local government.
What is article VI secftion 3 of the constitution?
All goverment employees (national, state, & local) must take an oath to support the constitution and no religious test can be required.
What is article VII of the constitution?
established method to ratify original 7 articles
What was needed to ratify the original 7 articles?
9 or 13 states must ratify (approve) them
When was the "Bill of Rights" ratified and right became rights?
1791
When was the beginning of the US and George Washington inaugurated?
April 30, 1789
What is the Bill of Rights?
Amendments 1-10 guaranteeing rights
What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights?
To limit the power of the federal government
What is preferred position doctrine?
1st amendment rights are higher that any others, any law that regulates the 1st amendment is unconstitutional
What is the Establishment Clause of the first amendment?
guarantees that the government will not create and/or support an official state religion
What is the Free Exercise Clause?
Congress shall make no law.....prohibiting the free exercise of religion.
What is the difference between the establishment clause and the free exercise clause?
Establishment (no gov. sponsored religion) free will (gov. can't interfer with a citizen exercising religion)
What was the Wall of Separation?
the separation of church and state, freedom to practice religion (wall) no state sponsored religion
What is the 14th Amendment?
...nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process by law
What is the US Militia Act 1903?
Set up the National Guard as a US Militia which could be drafted
What is the Uniform Militia Act 1792?
"Because the current army was not fighting well, Washington urged gov. to set up the Uniformed Militia enrolling every white male citizen 18-45.
What is the 2nd Amendment
right to have a militia and bear arms
What was the McCain - Feingold Act 2002?
prevents interest groups financed by corporate or union donations from from airing TV/radio ads 2 months prior to election, news groups exempt
When was the US constitution ratified?
June 21, 1788
What is the Lemon Test?
gov. funds given to church school was constitutional if 1)had a secular (non religion) pupose 2)didn't advance religion 3)didn't entangle the gov. which the church