Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

142 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Article I
Legislative Branch
Article II
Executive Branch
Article III
Judicial Branch
Article IV
Relationship between State and Federal Government
Article V
Changing the Constitution
Article VI
"Supremacy Clause"
Article VII
Ratifying the Constitution
1st Amendment
"4 freedoms (Speech, Religion, Assembly, Press)"
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
Right to quartering troops
4th Amendment
Search and Seizure
5th Amendment
Criminal Rights
6th Amendment
Right to a fair/speedy trail
7th Amendment
Right to a jury in a civil suit over 20 dollars
8th Amendment
9th Amendment
Rights reserved by the people
10th Amendment
Rights reserved by the state
11th Amendment
Lawsuit against the state
12th Amendment
Election of Pres. and VP
13th Amendment
Outlaw Slavery
14th Amendment
(Blacks) citizenship
15th Amendment
Allowed blacks to vote
16th Amendment
Income Tax
17th Amendment
Election of Senators
18th Amendment
19th Amendment
Womens right to vote
20th Amendment
President and Congressional terms
21st Amendment
Repeal of Prohibition
22nd Amendment
Presidental terms to 2
23rd Amendment
Number of electors for the District of Colombia
24th Amendment
Poll taxes
25th Amendment
Presidental Disability and Succession
26th Amendment
Voting for 18 year olds
27th Amendment
Salary restraint for congress
List the 4 freedoms of the 1st Amendment
"Religion, Press, Assembly, Speech"
List the 3 amendments that make up the civil war amendments
"13, 14, 15"
Explain the purpose of bail and what happens to the bail
"It excuses the person from jail until conviction, later bail is given back"
The conditions under which the government can require homeowners to house US soldiers
"In times of war, under appropriate conditions"
Number of amendments originally proposed
Amendments that make up the bill of rights
The dollar amount in the 7th amendment in which a jury can be requested in civil suits
"Prior to the 20th amendment, the time period of when an outgoing preident was defeated and when he finally left office"
november to march
Know when terms of congress members ends
January 3rd
Know when the term of the president ends
January 20th
"Know how many terms of office FDR was in office, and what amendment was established to protect this from happening again"
"4 terms, 22nd amendment"
The amount of times congress has set for states to ratify an amendment
7 times
Know the limits that have been established for freedom of speech
"Slander, Libel"
Know the ways in which the government can place limits on the 2nd amendment
"Brady's Law, Assult gun/rifle law"
Know the limits that have been established for the freedom of assembly
Own a permit for the assembly
Know the amendment that resulted in the repeal of the 18th
"21st amendment, for the 18th amendment"
Indirectly responsible for the 22nd amendment
How many electors DC is allowed to have
Know what group was mainly targeted by the use of poll taxes and why
"Blacks, whites didn't want blacks to vote"
List and explain the two ways in which amendments may be proposed and ratified
Proposed: 2/3 vote in congess or 2/3 of the states: "Ratified: 3/4 of the states, or calling of the special ratifying convention (3/4)"
List 4 important rights given to an accused person
"Grand Jury decides if there is enough evidence, No double jeopardy, No self incrimination, cannot be denied life, liberty or property without due process of law"
List and explain 6 major principles that the US constitution represents
"Popular Sovergnty:The people have the ability to rule, Checks and Balances: Each branch has some control over the other, Judicial Review: Supreme Court can say if laws are constitutional or not, Federalism: division between central and state government, Limited Government: the government is limited by laws and regulations, Separation of powers: The division into 3 branches of government"
The leglislative branch was created by __________ ?
Article I. (Article I is the longest of the VII and establishes a bicameral (two-house) legislature.
The electoral college system was created by __________ ?
Article II. (Revised after the disputed election of 1800 between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr.)
Provisions for amending the Constitution are contained in __________ ?
Article V. (Two different ways of proposing amendments and two different methods of ratification.)
The judicial branch of government is established by __________ ?
Article III. (Short and vague. Modified by the 11th Amendment in 1795.)
The dual system of government known as federalism, or more specifically vertical federalism is set up by which article?
Article VI. (Nowhere in the Constitution is the word "democracy" used. We are guaranteed a republican form of government by Article VI. Article VI also establishes "horizontal federalism" --relations between the states.
The powers of Congress are enumerated in section eight of the first article. Clause 18 of that section is known as what?
The "elastic clause". (Also known as the "necessary and proper" clause, it has allowed Congress leeway to do things like create an interstate highway system, intervene in the Civil Rights Movement and establish a space program.)
Prior to our Constitution, the United States were governed by the Articles of Confederation. Its debts were assumed by the new government in which article?
Article VI. (Debts were considerable because the Confederation government was allowed to borrow money, but denied the power to tax.)
The Constitution refers to itself as the "supreme law of the land." Where can this "supremacy clause" be found?
Article VI. (The supremacy clause is often referred to as the "linchpin" of the Constitution.)
The only crime defined by the Constitution is treason. Where can its definition be found?
Article III. (Unlike many state constitutions, the U.S. Constitution is not a "legal" document in the sense that is codifies law. Rather, it is a document that establishes a government, and, therefore, is short on legalese.)
Where is the basis for impeachment of the President, Vice-President, and civil officers explained?
Article II. ( Most federal judges are also subject to impeachment and removal.)
The oath taken by the President of the United States
Article II
The only amendment ever passed to overturn an earlier amendment
Amendment XXI
Reduces the number of members a state had in the House of Representatives if it denied its citizens the right to vote
Amendment XIV
Amendments which protect the rights of the accused
Amendments V, VI, VII, VIII
Protects individuals against "double jeopardy"
Amendment V
Amendments which limit the powers of the federal government
Amendments I-X, Bill of Rights
Established that the Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the United States "shall be the supreme law of the Land"
Article VI
Placed the Vice President of the United States as President of the Senate
Article I
Protects individuals from being compelled to be a witness against himself in any criminal case
Amendment V
Called for the prohibition of intoxicating liquors
Amendment XVIII
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures
Amendment IV
Set procedures for filling a vacancy in the office of the vice-president
Amendment XXV
Provides for the Electoral College to use separate ballots in voting for president and vice-president
Amendment XII
Gives Congress power to admit new states and sets basic guidelines for applying for statehood
Article IV
Requires the accused to have the assistance of counsel for his defense
Amendment VI
Allows citizens living in Washington DC to vote for president and vice president
Amendment XXIII
Gave Congress power to lay and collect taxes on incomes
Amendment XVI
Guarantees the right of the people to keep and bear arms
Amendment II
Prohibited the government from denying a person's right to vote on the basis of race (didn't prohibit use of poll taxes and literacy tests)
Amendment XV
This article set up the legislative branch of the national government
Article I
Requires probable caue to issue warrants
Amendment IV
Calls for the terms of President and Vice-President to end at noon on the 20th day of January
Amendment XX
Prevents the government from claiming that the only rights people have are those listed in the Bill of Rights
Amendment XIV
Established that senators were to be chosen by the legislators of their own states (later changed)
Article I
Prohibits a state from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
Amendment XIV
Established the power of impeachment
Article II
Guarantees the right to petetion the govbernment for a redress of grievances
Amendment I
Repealed the eighteth amendment
Amendment XXI
Makes congressional pay raises effective during the term following their passage
Amendment XXVII
Explains how the Constitution can be amended or changed
Article V
Protects the states and the people from the federal government
Amendment X
Forbid the government from forcing the people to quarter soldiers
Amendment III
This article set up the executive branch
Article II
Protects the accused against cruel and unusual punishment
Amendment VIII
Addresses ratification and states that the Constitution would take effect after it ws ratified by nine states
Article VII
Guarantees all accused of a crime the right oto a speedy and public trial
Amendment VI
Limits presidents to a maximum of two elected terms
Amendment XXII
Guarantees freedom of speech, press, and the right ot peaceably assemble
Amendment I
Introduces the Constitution and sets forth the general purposes for which the government was established
This article sets up the judicial branch
Article III
Provides that if the president-elect dies before taking office, the vice president-elect becomes president
Amendment XX
Makes illegal slavery and involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where the party has been convicted
Amendment XIII
Established the number of representatives from each state would be based on the size of the state's population
Article I
Prohibits poll taxes in federal elections
Amendment XXIV
Lowered the voting age in both federal and state elections to 18
Amendment XXVI
Guaranteed voting rights could not be denied by any state on account of sex
Amendment XIX
Established a process for the vice president to take over leadership of the nation when a president is disabled
Amendment XXV
Allows for two senators from each state to be elected by the people
Amendment XVII
Article 1
Organizing the Legislative Branch
Article 1 Section 1
Legislative branch consists of Senate and House of Representatives
Article 1 Section 2
Organization of House of Representatives
Article 1 Section 3
Organization of the Senate
Article 1 Section 4
Election Regulations and Assembly Requirement (once a year)
Article 1 Section 5
Regulations of Assembly
Article 1 Section 6
Article 1 Section 7
Passing Bills and Submitting Bills to President
Article 1 Section 8
Domestic and Foreign Powers, e.g. taxes, army, commerce, etc.
Article 1 Section 9
Slave Importation Clause, habeas corpus, restrictions on taxing,
Article 1 Section 10
Restrictions of state power
Article 2
Executive Branch
Article 2 Section 1
President of United States. electoral college and regulations, e.g. impeachment
Article 2 Section 2
Presidential powers
Article 2 Section 3
State of the Union and emergency sessions of Congress
Article 2 Section 4
removal from office due to impeachment
Article 3
Judiciary Branch
Article 3 Section 1
Supreme Court
Article 3 Section 2
Extension of Judicial Power, trial by jury
Article 3 Section 3
Article 4
States' Powers
Article 4 Section 1
Full credit to laws of other states
Article 4 Section 2
Cooperation of States
Article 4 Section 3
New States
Article 4 Section 4
Protection of States by Federal Govt
Article 5
Right to make ammendments
Article 6
debts occured prior to constitution still in force, Supreme Law of the Land, government officials bound by oath
Article 7