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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
John Locke's State of Nature (2)
1) Basic human drive=preservation of the species
2)Basic Human freedoms/rights=Eqaulity and Liberty: "we are born free as we are born rational"
Law of Nature (2)
1) entails obligations to other people
2) You should not harm others
True liberty is attained ___________
John Locke and property (5)
1) Nature mixed with our labor is private propety
2) Human labor improves the value of property
3) Even if you dont own it yourself, you do own your labor
4)Teleology of nature: to serve your needs
5) One can accumulate property as long as none is wasted and there is sufficient for others-property can not be wasted
Money becomes a means of ______________ (locke)
Overcoming the spoilage condition because it does not decay and can be horded
Suprplus Economy (Locke)
There is incentive to produce more
Subsistence Economy (Locke)
The goal is to meet the basic needs
Money leads to _________ (Locke)
The primary purpose of government is __________ (Locke)
the protection of property, or "life, liberty, and the estate.
Two forms of consent (Locke)
1) Express
2) Tacit
Express consent (Locke)
stronger form of consent to be a citizen
Tacit consent (Locke)
consenting by using the government's resources, residing in a country
Is based on the law of nature(Locke)
Liberalism: what is it, what is its function, purpose (5/Locke)
1) Consists of protection of the people from government of others interference into the private realm
2) The protection of private property
3)Rugged Individualism
4) Reasons for the Government
Reasons for Government (3 Locke)
1) You need stable, written laws
2) You need an impartial judge
3) You need someone to enforce
Natural Man (Rousseau)
1) Instict rules
2) Vigor
3) Strength
4) Pity
5) Love of self
Society-these things become corrupted when we get into society (Rousseau)
1) Reason
2) Speech
3) Sociability
4) Time: regulates man
5) Property: love of ones self becomes the love of property
Golden Age (3 Rousseau)
1) Basic Agriculture
2) The family
3) Basic divisions of labor
The Golden Age evolves into
1) Proprety
2) Money
3) Inequality
4) State of perpetual war
False Projectors
1) Hobbes and Locke are not taking into account the way we evolve into the state of nature
2) Rousseau offers a "critical history of the present"
3) Locke- state of nature is worse than modern society
4) Rousseau- modern society is worse off than the state of nature
Social Contract- Locke vs. Rsousseau
Locke- its about representation
Rousseau-Its about direct democracy
Citoyen (Rousseau) vs. Bourgeois (locke)
Citoyen- they as what is good for all of society rather than what each of us want
Bourgeois- They think democracy is the aggregate of individuals want
Two major problems with capitalistic society (Marx)
1) Stifles human emancipation
2) Creates alienation
Human emancipation vs. Political emancipation
1) A problem with society is that there has been a movement to private political emancipation over human emancipation
2) The state should somehow be emancipated from religion. Human emancipation goes further than the principles of non-interference
3) Once everyone is economically equal human emancipation occurs
Alienation from product
There is a disconnect between the product and the laborer. Assembly line dilemma
Alienation from the process
There is unskilled production. You cannot develop your labor to its potential.
Alienation from species being
Humans are social creatures. There exists authentic activities that bring one inot the social world
Alientaions from others
Broken down into two classes- workers or capitalists. view each other as competitors for jobs rather than as friends and brothers. introduces the hierarchy of labor
Alienation from nature
No longer exists a romantic view of nature. nature is used for exploitative value
Communist Manifesto
Capitalism is a necessary stage in the dialectical material progression towards socialism
Crisis Theory (Marx)
1) Increase competition creates pressure on wages which leads to the rationalization of protection
2) unemployment the leveling of the classes
3) As the majority enter poverty and class distinctions intensify
4) With there being no one to purchase capitalist goods the capitalist system suffers and becomes vulnerable
5) The unified working boor develop class consciousness and initiate revolution
Lack of Sustainability (Marx)
The capitalist system is incapable of sustainint itself due to the insaitable desire for resources (capital)