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28 Cards in this Set

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The institutions in which decisions are made that resolve conflicts or allocate benefits and priveleges in society.
Government
----is unique because it can legitimately use force to carry out its decisions
Government
a supreme document which legally establishes government and articulates governmnets powers and limitations.
Constitutions
-----cannot be changed by ordinary acts of governmental bodies
constitution
the struggle for power within organizations or groups that can grant or withhold benefits or privleges in the political system
politics
the study of the struggle for power within and among political systems
political science
the collections of beliefs and attitudes toward the political system held by a community or nation.
political culture
the greatest freedom of individuals thats is consistent with the freedom of other individuals in society.
individual liberty
Who is responsible for the second treatise on government, natrual rights, and the social contract
john locke
What are some dilemas and alternative perspectives to individual liberty.
liberty vs. order, fascism and nazism
anti individualistic, stesses the importance of the stat.
fascism and nazism
a government by popular consent. a system of government in which political authority is vested in the people.
democracy
is a political system where the citizens participate in the decision making personally, contrary to relying on intermediaries or representatives
direct democracy
involves the selection of government officials by the people being represented.
represenative democracy
is the of principle that governmental authority is legitimately exercised only in accordance with written, publicly disclosed laws adopted and enforced in accordance with established procedure.
The rule of law
Who wrote an economic interpretation of the constitution.
charles beard
who wrote the power elite
C. Wright Mills
Who wrote the irony of democracy
Thomas R Dye
society is divided into the few who have power, and the many who do not.
elitism
who wrote "who governs"
Robert dahl
society is divided into numerous groups, all of which make demands on government and non of which dominates decision making
pluralism
As a political value, the idea that all people are of equal worth.
equality
equal application of the law to everyone in society
political equality
elimination of artificial barriers to success in life and the opportunity for everyone to strive for success
equality of opportunity
all individuals equal in all things regardless of effor or ability
equality of outcome
An economic system characterized by the private ownership of wealth, free markets, and freedom of contract
property rights and capitalism
who is the author of the inquiry into the nature and causes of wealth of nations.
adam smith
who believed in lassez faire economics
Adam Smith