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18 Cards in this Set

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governmental actions designed to help minorities overcome the effects of past discrimination and compete on an equal basis with the majority
affirmative action
the rights of all citizens to legal, social, and economic equality
civil rights
fees required for casting a ballot
poll taxes
a requirement that citizens demonstrate their fitness to vote by passing a reading or comprehension test
literacy tests
a clause that exempted people whose ancestors were entitled to vote in 1886 from the literacy test
grandfather clause
accommodations for blacks and whites in public facilities such as public transportation
separate but equal
ruled that separate public facilities for people of different races satisfied the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause, provided they were "equal"
Plessy vs. Ferguson
one of the most important civil rights decisions; Supreme Court overturned the separate but equal (facilities) are unequal
Brown vs. Board of Education
deliberately disobeying laws viewed as morally repugnant
civil disobedience
a technique of civil disobedience where individuals peacefully submit to arrest for refusing to obey laws they consider immoral
passive resistance
a landmark law that outlawed racial segregation in schools and public places, and barred discrimination in employment based on sex
Civil Rights Act of 1964
used mainly by southern states to establish racial segregation in all public facilities and to disenfranchise African Americans by requiring them to pass prerequisites to voting
Jim Crow Laws
authorized the federal government to ensure that eligible voters were not denied access to the ballot
Voting Rights Act of 1965
discrimination by law
de jure discrimination
by fact discrimination
de facto discrimination
the deliberate destruction of a population
genocide
the right to vote
suffrage
which specifically extended to disabled citizens the civil right and protections that were the cornerstone of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
Americans with Disabilities Act