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23 Cards in this Set

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A formal addition to the Consitution that either changes one of it's sections or adds matters that were not in the original document
Citizens who opposed the constitution of 1787. Who wanted to preserve the authority of state governments.
Articles of Confederation
The document that created the United States first central government. It was ratifed in 1781 and remained in effect until 1788. Congress, the only brach of government created by the articles, did not have the power to tax or to regulate commerce and was unable to address the economic problems of the nation.
Bill of Attainder
An act of a legislature that singles out specific persons or groups and orders them to be punished without judicial trail. Such acts are prohibted by the constituion.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, ratifed in 1791. These amendments guarantee the basic rights of Americans
Block Grant
A sum of money that is givin by the national government to a state to be used for a broad, general purpose.
Centralized Federalism
A view of federalism, followed by President Lyndon Johnson during 1906s, that believed that the national government should define public problems and provide national solutions that state and local governments must follow.
Checks and Balances
A system of organizing the power of government in which the executive, legislativem and judical braches possess some power over each other's activities, thus preventing arbitrary action by any one branch.
Civil Liberties
The rights of the individual that are guaramteed by the U.S Consitution.
Civil Rights
The right of individuals not to be discriminated against on the basis of their race, sex, or nationality
Concurrent Powers
Powers that are shared by the state and national governments.
A system in which the legam power of government is held by state governemtns; the central governemnt has only the powers that have been given to it by those governments.
Connecticut Compromise
A compromise between the New Jersey and Virgina Plans worked out at the Consitutional Convention. It was agreed that the national legislature would be bicameral, and represenation in the House of Representatives would be based on population, but in the Senate each state would have equal representation.
Constitutional Convention
A meeting in 1787 of fifty-five delegates selected by the states to revise the Articles of Confederation. The result of the Convention was, however, an entirely new constition, which was ratifed in 1788.
Cooperative Federalism
A form of ferderalism that emphasizes copperation between the national government and the states to achive policy goals set by the national government.
Delegated Powers
Powers specificallly granted by the Constitution of the government, especially those given congress by Aricle1, Section8.
A system of government rest on the freely given consent of the people and that guarantees certain basic rights, such as freedom of speech and the right to vote.
Direct Democracy
A form of democracy in which the people themselves meet to discuss and decide issues of public policy.
Due Process Clause
Section1 of the Fourteen Amendemnt, which declares that no state..."shall..deprive and person of life, libery, or property without due pocess of law"...Also found in the fifth amendment to the consitution
Electoral College
the name given to the group of electors chosen in each state in the Noevmber voting and who actually elect the president and the vice president.
English Bill of Rights
A lest of the rights of Englishmen adopted by parliment in 1689. Included in the list re the right to trail by jury and the right to pention the government for the redress of grievances.
Equal Protection clause
Section 1 of the fourteen Amendment, which declared that no state shall " deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws"
Ex Post Facto Law
A law that imposes a pen