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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Powers of President
A. (1) Veto legislation (2) Agenda setting (3) recommendation legislation (4) can summit Congress into special session. B. Executive powers C. Foreign Policy Powers
Inherent Powers
Authority claimed by the president that is not clearly specified in the Constituion. Typically, these powers are inferred from the Constitution. (e.g., when president expands their powers)
Executive orders
Presidential directives to the executive branch that create or modify public policies, without the direct approval of Congress. (e.g., presidents use them to see that the laws are faithfully executed.
Delegation of Powers
The process by which Congress gives the executive branch the addtitional authority needed to address new problems.
strategies to influence Congress
(1) Bargaining in the Bell way (2) President approval - using clout with American People (3) Going Public
Bargaining in the Bell Way
President meets with leaders of Congress and expresses what he wants. He uses his ability to persuade them.
President approval
If president has huge support in public, Congress should be willing to go along with what he wants.
Going Public
President goes on Radio or TV and tries to convince American people to contact their members of Congress and ask them to pass a bill.
The key to legislative success in Congress
(1) unified Congress (government) (2) President has co-partisans in Congress
Executive office of the President
The president's executive aides and their staffs; the extended White House executives establishment.
Cabinet
A group of presidential advisers; the heads of the executive department and other key officials.
Administrative Presidency
(1) Appoint loyal people in bureaucracy (ideolgically similar) (2) Siging statement
Signing statement
A statement the President signs when signing a bill into law. It includes directions to bureaucracy on how to carry out the law.
President approval ratings
(1) party identification (2) state of economy (2) events/crisis (3) divided government
divided government
The situation in which one party controls the White House and the other controls at least one house of Congress.
gridlock
A situation in which government is incapable of acting on important issues, usually because of divided government
mandate
A endorsement by voters. Presidents sometimes argue they have been given a mandate to carry out policy proposals.
legislative liaison staff
Those people who compose the communications link between the White House and Congress, advising the president or cabinet secretaries on the status of pending legislation.