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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Theory
Simply a way of knowing things and, ideally, of predicting things
Descriptive Answer
Examines the immediate, short-term events and decisions that led to an outcome
Theoretical Answer
Seeks more general explanations and longer-term, more indirect causes
3 Theoretical Approaches
Realism, Neoliberalism, Constructivism
Realism
Explains international relations mainly in terms of power politics
Neoliberalism
Emphasizes system's structure; based on econ, cooperation through trade
Constructivism
States act in accordance with international norms and identities
2 wings of Realism
Offensive (seeking power) and Defensive (seeking security)
The Nation State
A sovereign, territorial entity controlled by a gov; rational actor; highest authority
Non-State Actors
operate either below the state level or across state borders
Examples of non-state actors
MNCs, IOs, NGOs, IGOs, trans-state actors
Multinational Corporations (MNCs)
coprorations that span state boundaries, auto/tobacco industries
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Include Red Cross, Doctors Without Frontiers
Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGOs)
Include the EU, AU, NATO, WTO, NAFTA
Trans-State Actors
Includes Al-Qaeda
International Organizations (IOs)
Broad category, includes MNCs, IGOs, NGOs, trans-state actors
4 Levels of Analysis
Individual, Domestic (governments), Interstate (intl system), global
3 state "power" levels
Great powers, middle powers, and lower powers
GDP
Common metric for measuring economic power; the size of a state's total annual economic activity
Measuring Power
Common metric is size/capability of military
Studying Geography
Study a country's relation to the equator, neighbors, access to water, & size
Geographic "rule" in IR
Geographic contguity makes war more likely
World's Geographic Regions
9 world regions, north-south gap
Thirty Years' War
1618-1648, emergence of nation state as an actor, ended with Treaty of Westphalia
Treaty of Westphalia, 1648
established principles of independent, sovereign states; began current intl system
Napoleaonic Wars
emergence of "total war" & mobilization of society; creation of european balance
WWI and WWII
1914-1945, collapse of the old european order & shift to U.S. power
The Cold War
1945-1990, emergence of the U.S. as a sole "superpower"
Polarity
the number of players in the international system
Bipolarity
Balance of 2 players in the intl system; the U.S. and USSR during the Cold War
Multipolar System
Usually 5 or 6 centers of power, each relatively equal, may form a coalition
IR strategies
containment, deterrence, compellence
stocks vs. flows
stocks include industrial goods, finished/consumer products, etc.; flows involve foreign direct investment, currency exchange, etc.
international integration
process of global institutions replacing national institutions, involves upward shift of sovereignty
world governments
limited examples, EU, WTO, NAFTA; each can contain the decision-making freedom of member states
regionalism
institutionalized cooperation within a geographic area
inter-governmentalism
cooperation between states in common institutions
supra-nationalism
institutions that transcend states with independent decision-making power
integration
creation of a new political identity
functionalism
growth of specialized technical organizations that cross national borders; this will lead to more and more