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19 Cards in this Set

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Oppression
A system of interrelated barriers and forces which reduce, immobilize and mould a group of people who belong to a certain group, and effect their subordination to another group
Public-Private Dichotomy
-Characteristics, roles & standards are separated into two distinct spheres
-Private sphere of family/domestic life and public world of business, govt, culture, sports & organized religion
-Women are thought to be emotional, nurturing, etc. so better fitted for private sphere
-Men are thought to be rational, independent, competitive, etc. so better suited for the public sphere
Liberal feminism
Aruges that inequality for women is the result of differential treatment
-Women's subordination will end when discriminatory practices, such as denying women business loans, refusing to hire women on the grounds that they will take time off for child care, etc. are eradicated.
Social Feminism
Argues that economic sources of oppression, arguing that capitalism and state patriarchy intersect to reinforce women's social marginalization and economic dependency
Postmodern Feminism
Challenges the very existance of universal truths or common understandings about such things as justice, equality, citizenship and democracy
-Argue that constructs such as gender and woman, have no universal understanding
Argues that language, not laws, are the main instrument of patriarchy
Postmodern feminists
Gender Parity
Representation proportionate to presence in the population
Political Violence
The use of physical force to affect power relations
Four of the most frequently cited characteristics of terrorism
1) Violent and uses force
2) Intended to serve a political end or purpose
3) Victims are often random/arbitrary
4) Intended to instill fear in a larger audience
Clausewitz offers a staqndard threefold conceptualization of war:
1) War is a social and political activity of states
2) War is an act of force to compel our enemy to do our will
3) War is an act of policy
Six standards of "Just War" as determined by St. Aquinas.
1) War must be declared by a legitimate authority
2) Cause of war must be just
3) Party declaring war must have the right intentions
4) War must be the last resort
5) War must be proportional
6) War must have a good chance of success
Domino effect
That a single communist state, such as Cuba, would infect neighbors until the entire "free" world fell to this ideology
End of History
Francis Fukuyama proclaimed the end of the cold war was the end of history
-Notion from Hegel, who said political process ended when liberal state became fully established
-Predicted democratization of all states, flourishing of human potential, rights & liberties
McWorld
Refers to the forces of global capitalism, consumer greed, and the cultural homogeneity they breed when unchecked by democratic policies
Jihad
Refers to the intolerance that lead a people or state to reject universal political values, rights and freedoms
Who came up with the concept of McWorld vs. Jihad?
Benjamin Barber, 1995
Realism
-Assume that anarchy is an ever-present feature among sovereign states in the international system, in contrast to politics within states
-Assumes that in the domestic arena, governments authoritatively settle disputes and uphold common laws among citizens.
Clash of Civilizations
Refers to Samual Huntington's belief, that important distinctions between people are cultural, not ideological or political. A dangerous clash of civilizations can only be averted by carefully strengthening western power without provoking non western world, esp. China, Iran, India.
Realism
Rests on the assumption that all humans are egotistical and power seeking, that politics is a struggle for power in the pursuit of national interest, and progressive change more often occurs in domestic politics rather than inernational political life.